Maritime Trade and Atlantic System
Maritime Trade and Atlantic System His 251-01
Popular in 1500 To the Present
Popular in History
This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Amber Jackson on Saturday September 5, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to His 251-01 at La Salle University taught by Barbara Carol Allen in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 19 views. For similar materials see 1500 To the Present in History at La Salle University.
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Date Created: 09/05/15
His 251 1500Present Instructor Dr Allen Sept 2Sept 4 1 Maritime Revolution a Chihab AlUmari the pilgrimage of Mansa Musa 13421349 i Mansa Musa is the king of Mali and he traveled to perform a Hajj pilgrimage for religious purposes ii Stayed in Qurafa Cairo main prerogative was to collect gold 1 Makes a lot of pro t from the gold and becomes very generous with his amounts a Because of this gold was exchanged until its value depressed causing prices to fall b Christopher Columbus on World Geography late 15th century i 14511506 born in Genoa ii Believes that the world is shaped like a pear the world ends at the tip 1 Does not believe the nding of others such as the romans and Greeks c The Broken Spears Aztec Account of the Conquest of Mexico 1519 i When Cortez arrived he was thought of as a king ful lling a prophecy for the Indian natives he was greeted as such by Moctezuma the leader of the natives ii Cortez had proclaimed upon arrival that him and his people came as f ends iii The Spaniards then captured Moctezuma and continued to exhaust the lands resources d Arana Xajila Plague in Central America 15161561 i A plague came and killed off many of the important leaders in central America ii Spaniards arrived and taught them the word of god iii Afterwards more people continued to die off because of the plague 2 Notes in Class a Polynesians and Vikings i Polynesians successfully completed expeditions ii Vikings often retreated due to landing in hard to live places like Greenland b Chinese i Had large treasure ships and were powerful and wealthy c African expeditions i West Africa ships were lost at sea d e f 9 h The main goal for expeditions were to obtain gold and other resources i Many planned to get to China and Japan Spanish vs Portuguese i Spanish Established a territorial empire ii Portuguese Started expeditions earlier than other groups 1 Was able to fund navigation 2 Established routes rst 3 Piracy to get treasures and steal from others Muslims i Were often overpowered by Portuguese voyages and routes 1 And then eventually the Europeans overpowered them as well Christopher Columbus i Used sources like the Greeks Romans bible and others to decide the geography of the world which he believed was pear shaped ii He believed that there was a shorter route to Asia by going west instead ended up in the Americas Signi cance of the Maritime Revolution i Established Atlantic trade network ii Regular trade began across the paci c iii Americans isolation ended iv Creation of a global network of trade 3 Atlantic System a b C d e Cabeza de Vaca years as a wandering merchant 1542 i Was able to see both sides of being a slave by the Indians and also how to be a merchant and be successful William Bradford Treaty with the Indians 1650 i Used Squanto an Indian that could understand and speak English ii A treaty was created between both groups in order to leave peacefully amongst each other iii Communication was important in order to establish this Jean De Lerry History of a voyage to the land of Brazil 1578 i There was a difference in views of distribution of wealth 1The Brazilians believed that their children did not need to inherit their lands when they are gone but rather they can live off of it and enjoy it now 2The other group believed that the land should be inherited Richard Ligon A true and exact history of the island of Barbados 1657 i Some slaves and servants were treated better than others 1 In some instances the slaves and servants were fed and treated fairly 2 In other instances high amounts of cruelty occurred Thomas Phillip buying slaves at Whydah 1694 i He was a slave buyer that sold and imported them ii The slave trade was close to being abolished due to high amounts of cruelty to the slaves iii When transporting slaves less than half would survive the trip f Antonia Vazquez de Espinosa Mercury mining in Huancavelica and silver mining in Potosi 16205 i Mercury is a dangerous element to mine and they were using people to mine this toxic material ii Corruption by the Europeans to get what they wanted out of the Indians 1 They were signi cantly shortening the lives of those that were forced to mine mercury
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