Week 1 Notes
Week 1 Notes HIST 3640- 10
Popular in History of Southeast Asia
Popular in History
This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by email@example.com Notetaker on Saturday September 5, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 3640- 10 at George Washington University taught by Shawn F. McHale in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 35 views. For similar materials see History of Southeast Asia in History at George Washington University.
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Date Created: 09/05/15
Week 1 Reading 1 Archeology Borders in Southeast Asia Intro How archeology defines historic boundaries in Southeast Asia 0 1 borders were defined by colonialism until Iapan became independent 0 2 How colonization facilitated organization of the estates in the modern world See from prehistoric to 1800 0 World of southeast Asia Larger than Latin America Major cluster of human beings in this planet In the 1700s overall had a good standard of living high life expectancy they had ample fishing natural resources overall in historic terms it was a healthy place to live up until the increase of the population Scholars estimate that humans came out of Africa 6000 years ago and migrated to southeast Asia One genetic diversification Population split into different kind of groups Cambodians Thai Indians People moving up to China and some of these people actually moved back to southeast Asia Vietnam Laos and Burma have a lot of Chinese immigrants of people seeking refuge in the mountains 1800 Hard to think about southeast Asia as a region because the people are so diverse Speak over 5 different diverse languages Despite the diversity southeast Asia is different than China and India In general southeast Asia is egalitarian is both matriarchal and patriarchal In general women historically had more rights than other parts of Asia 1800 Java is the most populated Island in Indonesia was estimated to have 4 million people Obviously the population in 1800 was far less than today Lowlands is where these fragile estates took power Cambodia Vietnam 0 Diversity within the borders 0 Grow rice near the waters Slavery wasn t permanent and those people will be slaves for one generation but after this generation even though they had less opportunities they were considered free Diseases needed vectors diseases are spread more slowly and is healthy to have a lowland population because it was a good place to live due to the variety of plantations agriculture fish etc o The nature of rule in southeast Asia up to 1800 Politics how do you extract revenue to support government activity The general trend was to have hundreds of states Extended case of fragile estates and when western powers look at these states they often didn t care about borders were not very organized and there was no logic behind their operations State built on the Indian model estates which is defined by the region works for the capital city everything revolves around the capital What is shown in numerology what is called a mandala representation of the ideal social order Find that the states is defined by following numbers Rituals and Ceremonies are ways to attract people to your state marriage alliances Function of a state was to spend money you have these elaborate ceremonies in order to raise more money to keep up with expenses Constant existential issue work tax and other solutions were created Pahang War elusively state that followed orders from one man Bendahara Ali Wars didn t kill lots of people Ahamad won because his brother died But people say that the reason why he won was because he was graceful and controlled ruler and these individuals are meant to be powerful rulers o How the peasantry lived Peasants could leave if rulers were irrational mean Difficult balance of figuring out how to extract more resources Premodern states in southeast Asia did rise to become substantial overall they had relatively little capacity but this rational didn t bulk up the states in the way they wanted States were fragile and came in and out of existence They didn t have to worry about competition but with the impact of the Europeans they were forced to adapt They became weaker because they were unable to confront such colonization Didn t have the proper arms military And the irony is that southeast Asia states didn t realize the dangerous the states posed to them
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