History of Architecture 2- 9-3-15
History of Architecture 2- 9-3-15 ARCH - 20112 - 001
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kayla Schmidt on Saturday September 5, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ARCH - 20112 - 001 at Kent State University taught by Elwin C. Robison (P) in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 69 views. For similar materials see HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE II in Architecture at Kent State University.
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Date Created: 09/05/15
Architecture History 2 Date 9115 Clicker needed on Tuesday 9815 First sketch book entry due Tuesday 9815 Went over syllabus Order of topics that we will be discussed over the class 0 Romanesque 0 Gothic 0 Renaissance meaning rebirth o Villas 0 Baroque 0 18th century 0 19th century 0 For example The Crystal Palace Carolingian Architecture 0 Charlemagne ran a very loose government Notes Date 9315 Carolingian Architecture Dome vault with a circular base Oyster vault vault with an octagonal base 0 Palatine Chapel Aachen 792805 0 Clerestory 0 Columns are organized in an octagon to represent power 0 Plans I Lower level 0 Odo of Metz 0 Compare with SVitale in Ravenna I Mosaics Italian import o Charlemagne views himself as a ceaser I Creating a new Roman empire 0 Dome meaningshow authority element 0 Reach to the heavens o The element at the core is the most important relating to power 0 PolychromingPolychromingdecorated or executed with many colors 0 Torhalle Abbey Lorsch 767774 Kayla Schmidt OOOOOOO Kayla Schmidt quotGate House Monastery used to be walled for protection to which fragmented down Reminds me of Triumphal arch Adaptive to the Climate Tile applied to the surface typical Roman characteristic Roman column Pilaster triangular topper Doesn t know what to do with ittrying to capture the legacy of Roman o Oratory Germignydes806 O O O O Clerestory Windows Greek Cross PlanSymmetrical around it I Comparative to a Latin Cross plan Arches frame central tower Windows alabastersheets of stone 0 Monastery Plan StGall 820 O O O O O O Describes thought process of architecture Based on a module passage way 10 broken down into 4 part2 each South I Cloister I Monks recital Small townsagricultural farms I Ale Houses I Horse Barns I Wineries I Bakeries Was never built Traveler housing Latinlanguage of writing at the time o AngloSaxonViking O O Stave Church Urnes Norway 112540 I Wood primary materials I Clicker quiz practice 0 Cupolas on Stave churches 0 Answer Do not communicate with interior space I Keltic designoriginal for normal Christian churches I motifs Stave Church Borgund Norway 112540 I Not large I Serving fishing and farming communitiessmall communities I Wood cross renewed every 50 years and gargoyles I Wood carvings in the interior 0 Early Romanesque O Clicker quiz 0 The primary innovation of Romanesque architecture is Kayla Schmidt Answer masonry vaulting Masonry vaultingfireproof Introduced in churches Disadvantageextremely heavy 0 Much more expensive 0 Transportation of materials 100s on tons of stone 0 Lifting extensive labor Even small communities who didn t have money would build masonry vaulted churchesto last longer even if they didn t have money for it o StMartin at Canigou 100161 Retaining walls Small affair church Masonry vaulted church Bell towermodest piece of construction The church 0 Nave upside down ship just a reference 0 Not experience in masonry vaulting one of the first masonry vaulted churches 0 Want church to last when Christ comes again 0 Very dark interiorvery hard to build window 0 Barrel vaulthalf cylinder 0 Very hard to punch a hole in a barrel vault 0 Supporting barrel vault by an arcade 0 Haven t figured out how to put windows in 0 Major theme later on in the Romanesque period 0 Starting out very modest o Carving 0 Column capitals I Telling stories I Riske 0 From the new testament I Monkread 0 Most people are illiterate at this time o Cloister o Crypt underground 0 Romanesque Architecture of the Holy Roman Empire Clicker quiz 0 Ottonian churches had a raised platform in the west for the 0 Answer emperor StMichaels Hildesheim 100131 0 Tile roofing originally nowadays it has metal roofs for upper towers and tiling roofing towards the bottom 0 Two transeptswest worksymbolically for the emperor 0 Plan O O O Kayla Schmidt 0 Modular plan 0 Two smaller columns and pier sequence 0 Timber truss roof 0 Walls are entirely thick 0 Clerestory windows Cathedral Speyer 103060 Towers at each end Plan 0 Diagonal lines 0 Trace out Groin VaultingLater Added Polychroming East endblind arcade 0 Arched corbtable o Cantilever 0 Two towersbell towers Interiortimber truss interiorthen later on transformed into vaults Nave elevationpay attention for exam Pisa Cathedral 10631118126172 Doesn t rain much in Italy Hard to get away from classical intent o Romeused spoiled materials think this a side note Wanted to be the never RomeCharlemagne FacadeBlind arcade Disks Colored marbles 0 Received from Rome Jewel like facade Transept arm horizontal marble strips 0 Transept arms look like small churches on their own 5 aisle plan4 aisle and a nave o Ambition normally see 3 aisle plans Nave o Timber trusswood ceilingreasonably sized clerestory windows Groin vault intersection of 2 barrel vaults Dome centeris added in the gothic period Squinch supported dome Pisa Baptistery 11531265 Dioto Salvi Circular building Vaulted dome Cone shaped dome in the center of it