Chapter 4 Material
Chapter 4 Material PSY 462
Popular in Health Psychology
Popular in Psychlogy
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Bailee Zemlock on Saturday September 5, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 462 at Arizona State University taught by Dr. Luecken in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 166 views. For similar materials see Health Psychology in Psychlogy at Arizona State University.
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Can you just teach this course please? lol :)
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Date Created: 09/05/15
Chapter 4 Health Psychology September 1 2015 Actual causes of death in the US Smokingtobacco Who practices good health behaviors Education Social Economical Status Age Lower stress higher social support conscientiousness Values Perceptions of personal control of health Personal goals Access to healthcare Social in uences Compliance Adherence Good treatment or advice can be worthless or even damaging if people don t follow it Not everyone adheres 0 Approximately 125000 people die each year because they are non adherent What are the barriers to adherence 0 Cost 0 Patients see the regimen as being too difficult or timeconsuming 0 Patients don t understand the regimen or don t know how to adhere 0 Patients treat regimen as advice rather than quotordersquot What factors predict adherence o Severity of Disease I People s perception of the severity of their disease is more predictive of adherence than objective severity of disease 0 Treatment characteristics 0 Personal characteristics I Age the young and old are more likely to be nonadherent I Gender men and women are the same with adherence I Personality patterns I Emotional factors 0 Cultural Norms individuals less acculturated to Western medicine have poorer adherence I Individuals less acculturated to Western medicine have poorer adherence I But may be more adherent to culturallybased treatments Improving Adherence Educate Give information about treatments causes diseases consequences Use Scare Factor and Fear appeals to show likely results 0 Show pictures of head injuries from car accidents damaged lungs from smoking Chapter 4 Health Psychology September 1 2015 0 However a lot of people have a vulnerability to think these results don t apply to them 0 But how ethical is it to show these photos to unaware people I Can be affects if it s the right level of fear I But not so mild that they don t care if it happens to them I Ex 1966 Caution Cigarette smoking may be hazardous to your healthquot 9 not really threatening I 1970 A Warning The Surgeon General has determined that cigarette smoking is dangerous to your healthquot 9 more intriguing I 1985 One of4 warnings on packages Smoking causes lung canger heart disease Smoking by pregnant women may result in fetal injury Smokingand so on Smokingyou get the picture 9 Worked at first but after seeing them over and over for 30 years people are not so afraid of them anymore 2012 Graphic Label campaign 9 very affective large tobacco companies even sued US government because it was so damaging the government didn t appeal Why are poor health habits difficult to change People think they are the exception they are lazy not motivated to change use unhealthy habits as a coping mechanism it s not going to happen to mequot 9 Optimistic Bias the belief that you will be spared to negative side effects of a decision Who is most likely to show an optimistic bias CURRENT SMOKERS a Former smokers b Current smokers c Nonsmokers d Smokers with bronchitis Health Belief Model beliefs are important factors in health behaviors such as 99 Vtquot Perceived susceptibility to health problems or disease associated with that health behavior Perceived severity of the disease Perceived benefits of changing the behavior Perceived barriers to changing behavior Educate about susceptibility and severity Identify benefits of behavior change Identify barriers to behavior change Problemsolve ways to remove barriers Chapter 4 Health Psychology September 1 2015 The Theory of Planned Behavior People are reasonable use information and freely choose the behavior that will move them towards a desired goal If you don t have the intention to change the behavior the barriers benefits won t matter and the behavior won t change How do you fix that Change your attitude rethink refocus reframe Evaluate and or alter social norms and social aspects in everyday life Increase selfefficacy self control more support Turn INTENTIONS into BEHAVIOR 0 Implementation intentions are specific plans that people make that identify what where when and how they intend to engage in a behavior Principles of Operant Conditioning 339 Positive Reinforcement 339 Negative Reinforcement not a punishment it s an award because you re taking away something bad annoying 339 Punishment decrease the likelihood of a behavior doesn t work every well Behavioral Strategies 1 Monitor the behavior a what are your triggers Identify when where how with whom and or how often you engage in bad behaviors Identify cues and triggers for bad behaviors c Selfmonitors devices pedometer sleep monitors scales apps online formats etc Set up cues and triggers for GOOD behavior Stimulus control Positive Reinforcement Negative reinforcement Shaping successive approximations portion control 991990 The Transtheoretical Model Stages of Change Model People spiral through changes with several moves back and forth between stages Precontemplation no intention of change no awareness of need Contemplation beginning to think about it ambivalent Preparation have decided to change making specific plans Action making the change Maintenance keep it going sustain the changes keeping working towards the goal Tailoring an Intervention 1 Determine what stage the person is at 2 Choose best intervention technique for that stage 3 Goal is to advance stages not necessarily immediately change behavior
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