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Week One notes

by: Sabriah Brown

Week One notes PSYC-20651-001

Sabriah Brown
Child Psychology
Dr. William Edward Merriman

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About this Document

these are the note for week one plus some things that will help you to remember the material better!
Child Psychology
Dr. William Edward Merriman
Class Notes
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sabriah Brown on Saturday September 5, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC-20651-001 at Kent State University taught by Dr. William Edward Merriman in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 79 views.

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Date Created: 09/05/15
Child Psychology Week one I General Issues and Important Concepts Why study children So we can help Children So we can help adults Broad domains of development Physical Cognitive Linguistic Language Emotional Social Age periods Prenatal Infancytoddlerhood 03 Preschool 35 Middle childhood 612 Adolescence 1317 Contexts of development Definition the physical economic social cultural and historical Issue Universal development vs contextspecific development 393 Urie Bronfrenbrenner s Ecological Systems Model Assumes that context is crucial for understanding development Focus two kinds of traits Developmentally generative Positive Developmentally disruptive Negative Development occurs within nested contexts Child and contexts affect each other Examples 393 Microsystem is the relationship between child and Parents teacher siblings Mesosystem the relationship a parent has With the child s school this relationship affects the life of the child Exosystem this doesn t affect the child directly Macrosystem friends of family mass media 0 Chronosystem systems change over time F amiiv Si hool Tho individuai Hooith 52 aorvioozt lial Hnahh at Floors Choroh I gro up Neighborhood may area titanium 1h Patterning oi environmental rmiahtmrbH Events and transitions ovor tho oomtitions and ts395 a quot5 course smithstoma it arm lira wants 3H conditions 39I 39H quot39 quotMMI H me Hun I I H39 li39we a n39ri39frll En 39onnmrronmwrMMr roproo umlmoruispruy The Developmental Niche of Childhood Super amp Harkness Niche Stable context to Which organisms have adapted Three Dimensions of Cultural In uence 0 Physical settings and conditions 0 Childcare customs O Childrearing beliefs and goals Promote independence or interdependence more later 6 on next page How has our view of children changed over the past 50 years 0 Family structures 0 Women in the work force 0 Effect of change in electronic media A central dimension of historical change and cultural difference Independence Interdependence 0 Individual excellence Group excellence 0 Competition Cooperation 0 Selfsufficiency Playing role well 0 Selfesteem Sense of belonging 0 Confidence ambition Respect trust loyalty Childhood is a social construction read Box 11 Headline children having children Four key issues in child development Nativism vs Empiricism 0 Genetic Biological Process Experience both contribute to development but which is more important vs O Abrupt change gradual change 0 Unstable differences stabledifference Nativist tend to be discontinuity theorists Periodic spurts of physical growth in the brainabrupt change Empiricists tend to be discontinuity theorists Daily experiences small changes in the braingradual change vs 0 Typical patterns of development why 1 child differs from another vs 0 Developmental patterns found in all cultures why 1 culture development differs from another Major applications for child research 0 Parenting 0 Schooling 0 Child Care 0 Laws amp Social Policy 11 Theory Psychoanalytic Approaches A Sigmund Freud 18561939 Grew up in Vienna Developed Dream Analysis Became Medical Doctor Proposed revolutionary theory of psyche Interested in hysteria and hypnosis developed the talking cure Three part structure of the psyche IdNeWborn baby Center of ones animal instinctsmostly unconscious Present at birth Has sex drive libido Has aggressive drive thanatos Ego young baby Center of rational thought Present shortly after birth Tries to satisfy the I and conscious Superego 6 or 7 Ones ideal self form societys view Source of guilt and shame Not present until age 6 or 7 Mostly unconscious Stages of psychosexual development Key concept the erogenous zone 0 Region of the body that is the most sensitive to pleasure and pain 0 Oral birth 1 yr Mouth 0 Anal 1 3 yr Potty training 0 Phallic 3 6 yr Competition With same sex Darent for the attention of onnosite sex parent 0 Latent 6 yr puberty None O Genital rest of life Intimacy and meaningful work


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