Psychology 202: Personality
Psychology 202: Personality
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This 4 page Reader was uploaded by Bryce Buser on Tuesday May 13, 2014. The Reader belongs to a course at University of Oregon taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 82 views.
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Date Created: 05/13/14
Psychology 202 CRN 37657 T R 4 550pm Updates There are no notes for Tuesday of week 6 as it was Midterm 2 What You Need to Know Notes that you need to know are in black Any notes that I have added for clarity on the topic will be in green Hopefully this makes things a more clear for you all and if you have any ideas in how I can format these notes to make things even easier send me an email at buseruoregonedu Study Tip Turn these notes into ashcards Use bolded words for the front and the definitions for the back Read the book either right before or right after the corresponding lecture to ensure that you get all the material on a specific topic at the same time You can always go back and review if you don39t understand the first time you read through it It39s easier to learn the same material at once rather than trying to go back and remember the lecture when you read the book several lectures later Thursday May 8 2014 Corresponding Readings Textbook p 567615 Vocabulary Moral Decision Making Recap from the Survey that had been assigned to be due before this lecture Harm Care to care and protect others Fairness Cheating tit for tat treating others according to their actions Authority Subversion recognizing legitimate leaders Loyalty Betrayal the feeling of loyalty and betrayal toward your personal group nation or family etc Sanctity degradation the feeling of disgust toward something such a food things or actions by another person States based on the situation a state is a momentary experience one has Traits a disposition that you take with you when encountering different situations think of it as a long term state Humorism Greeks and Romans thought that temperament that people displayed were determined by the following humors found in the body Phlegm Rational phlegmatic Blood Happy sanguine Yellow Bile Angry choleric Black Bile Sad melancholic Id the idea that we pursue pleasurable things and avoid things that causes us pain at all costs our animalistic urges Ego right in between Id and Superego and is driven by reality and is the conscious self Superego our conscience and expectations that we have inside for ourselves Freud39s Structure of Personality Superego 9 Ego 6 Id We have a host of defense mechanisms in our personalities 1 Denial In Class Example Homosexuals saying that someone else is gay and that they are not Displacement In Class Example redirecting toward something more acceptable in society 3 Intellectualism 4 Fantasy In Class Example Retreat from reality 5 Compensation 6 Projection In Class Example Projecting something onto someone else 7 8 9 1 N Reaction Formation In Class Example exaggerating the opposite tendency Regression Repression 0 Sublimation In Class Example socially acceptable displacement The only productive defense mechanism Putting anger etc into something useful MyersBriggs Type Indicator determines whether you are extraversionintroversion sensingintuition thinkingfeeling and judgmentperception ExtraversionIntroversion whether or not you are the life of the party extraversion or the one who likes to sit in the back of the class and not be seen by anyone Introversion People who are extraverts get their energy from being around people and do better when in a group Introverts like to be alone and need to have time and space to themselves It is rare to be completely one or the other so introverts sill like hanging out with friends and extraverts still need some time to themselves Sensing Intuition the method in which you gather information Thinking Feeling the method in which you make decisions udgment Perception this is the most poorly named of the groups Iudgment describes people who like to have schedules and things planned ahead of time while Perception is for people who like to leave things open and are up for last minute planned activities Openness intellect imagination curiosity creativity when openness is high there are artistic interests substance use occupational creativity and politically liberal Conscientiousness order duty deliberation self discipline health and the length of a life you live academic performance and when conscientiousness is high there is a low criminal activity Extraversion sociability assertiveness activity affability when extraversion is high there are higher reports of happiness peer acceptance dating variety and leadership Agreeableness trust nurturance kindness cooperation when agreeableness is high there is low heard disease peer acceptance dating satisfaction Neuroticism anxiety depression vulnerability to stress when neuroticism is high there is anxiety and depression romantic dissatisfaction and poor occupational outcomes Pathogen Prevalence Cultural Difference and the Big Five 75 of the people in Africa had to deal with so much disease that they did not reach cognitive potential Disease is much higher in warmer areas such as along the equator People can be much more extraverted in low pathogen places as they can explore and interact without fear of disease Higher pathogen load causes lower rates of extraversionconformityconscientiousness lower rates of female promiscuity and higher rates of spicy foods since garlic etc are designed to keep disease low Experiments Srivastava et al 2003 surveyed 132000 internet users and found systematic change over the lifespan This may not have to do with the lifespan however and may re ect more on the generations that were surveyed People to Know Sigmund Freud 18561939 from what is now the Czech Republic Freud was born to poor Iewish parents and become a doctor one of the few professionals available to ews Developed that Talking cure in order to treat one of his patients Anne 0 Most of his patients were Middle Class and Upper Class Housewives Lots of phrases we say today were developed from Freud who coined the phrase In Denial He developed a structure of Personality which is made up of Id Superego and Ego see in Vocabulary for definitions to these terms Carl lung 1867 1961 Born in Zurich Switzerland worked with Freud but eventually broke away from Freud39s ideas 6 years after becoming his student The story goes that when lung and Freud first met they talked for 8 hours straight while Freud39s wife brought them food and beverages They finally split over the ideas and thoughts they had about sex and religion lung was very spiritual and pro religion while Freud did not believe in religion Gordon Allport The FiveFactor Model of Personality In 1936 Allport found over 18000 English words that described how to distinguish the behavior of one person from another Within the 18000 words they could be divided into five groups known as the Big Five The Big Five include openness conscientiousness extraversion agreeableness and neuroticism see the vocabulary section for definitions for the big five
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