Week 7 Notes - Intro to Psychology (PSYCH 1101)
Week 7 Notes - Intro to Psychology (PSYCH 1101) PSYCH 1101
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Brooke Mays on Sunday February 28, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYCH 1101 at Georgia Regents University taught by Verlaque, L. in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 24 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Psychology in Psychlogy at Georgia Regents University.
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Date Created: 02/28/16
2/23/16 – 2/25/16 Week 7 Psychology Notes 2/23/2016 Short Day of Class, no professor Operate conditioning Chosen behaviors Classical conditioning Automatic, reflexive behaviors Adjust behaviors though positive and negative reinforcement Reinforcers strengthen a behavior Punishments weaken a behavior Positive Reinforcement Add a positive stimulus Treats Strengthen a behavior Negative Reinforcement Take away a negative stimulus Stop annoying beeping by putting on seatbelt Strengthen a behavior Positive Punishment Adding a negative stimulus Spanking Weakens a behavior Negative Punishment Taking away a positive stimulus Taking away cell phone Weaken a behavior Shaping – process of getting someone or something to do what you want 2/23/16 – 2/25/16 Grades in Middle School PR – $$ for every A on your report card NR – don’t have to do chores if you make all A’s PP – have to do siblings chores if your grades go down NP – you don’t get to play video games if your grades go down Significant other needs to pick up clothes PR – say thank you or give them a kiss when they pick up clothes NR – you stop nagging them about it PP – cry if they keep leaving their clothes around NP – break up with them if they keep leaving their clothes around Punishment > Reinforcement in the case of avoiding dangers and in natural settings Immediate and certain more effective than severe punishments Operation Rolling Thunder Cops stake out to catch drunk drivers Check points at every block Immediate and certain more effective than severity Temper tantrums Positive Reinforcement for child when they get their way Negative reinforcement for the parents when they give in Cycle of mutual reinforcement, they feed off of each other Puppy bites Stop paying attention – Negative punishment Discriminating Will do trained behavior when you’re around but do whatever they want when you’re gone Happens a lot when using negative punishment Attitude of fear and hatred Positive punishment – gets children the most excited and optimistic 2/23/16 – 2/25/16 Schedules of Reinforcement 1.) Interval – time based Fixed – every so often (getting paid on Friday) Variable – after an unpredictable amount of time 2.) Ratio – behavior/instances Fixed – after every so many behaviors Ratio – after an unpredictable amount of behaviors (a pat on the back at work) Fixed ratio – high rate of response Variable ratio – high consistent responders even without a reward, slot machines! They resist extinction Interval – slow rates of responding Fixed interval – checking clock at the end of class
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