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Psych 100 - Week 1

by: Tram Anh Ton Nu

Psych 100 - Week 1 PSYC

Tram Anh Ton Nu
GPA 3.7
Basic Concepts in Psychology
Dr. Renshaw

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About this Document

Notes from what we covered in class as well as some stuff from the textbook. (It's a little short this week since we didn't go over a whole lot).
Basic Concepts in Psychology
Dr. Renshaw
Class Notes
25 ?




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Tram Anh Ton Nu on Saturday September 5, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC at George Mason University taught by Dr. Renshaw in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 173 views. For similar materials see Basic Concepts in Psychology in Psychlogy at George Mason University.


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Date Created: 09/05/15
PSYCH 100 91 and 93 This week we covered some of the basics of psychology Definition of psychology the study of behaviors and mental processes 0 These things in uence how we think feel and act Psychology has many different subfields and they can sometimes overlap Works with mental illnesses and promote well ClinicalCounseling being Works with learning problems sometimes SchoolEducation overlaps with clinicalcounseling Developmental Focuses on people s developmental process over their lifetime ie how they think and behave for their age Studies how people interact with one another Social eg what are considered quotnormalquot and quotweirdquot behaviors Studies work environments and uses IndustrialOrganization psychological principles to solve problems lO related to them eg how to maximize productivity Studies how people s mind and body influence Health health behaviors focuses on health problems like smoking and nutrition Works with things associated with memory CognitiveNeuroscience thought processes reasoning and also how the brain affects behavior Studies how things like hormones the nervous Biology system and the brain affect behavior can Biopsychology sometimes overlap with health and cognitive psychology PSYCH 100 91 and 93 Psychology has been around since forever but it wasn t until the late 1800s that it was brought into the lab and studied scientifically A little bit of history Wilhelm Wundt in 1879 0 Known as father of psychology 0 First person to study the subject objectively without bias and emotions o Developed the first psych lab that still in uences how we study psychology today In 1890s psychology split into two school of thoughts 0 Structuralism focuses on understanding different parts or structures of the mind 0 Functionalism focuses on understanding the purposes or functions of the mind In the early 1900s there were 2 more ideas 0 Psychoanalysis created by Sigmund Freud believes that we repress certain urges and desires into our unconscious mind mental disorders can be treated by exploring these urges and desires o Behaviorism created by John B Watson focuses on behaviors we can see rather than the mind After World War II there was a changing point in psychology and new ideas were developed 0 Humanism reaction against psychoanalysis and behaviorism believes that humans can choose their own behavior for personal growth 0 Cognitive psychology focuses on the brain and mental processes 0 BF Skinner also brought on new ideas about learning and behavior eg reward and punishment In the 1980s 0 Evolutionary psychology studies how evolution and natural selection in uence certain behaviors that are common in humans PSYCH 100 91 and 93 Psychology is an empirical subject which means it is based in research and uses science to answer questions This is to avoid 0 Confirmation bias when people pay more attention to things that support what they believe 0 Example Republicans and Democrats will often point out what the other party does wrong while ignoring the faults of their own party 0 Availability heuristic when people make judgments based on things that they can easily recall in their minds 0 Example since air crashes are more talked about in the media than car crashes people often mistakenly believe that air travel is more dangerous than car travel despite statistics showing otherwise Researchers study psychology using the scientific method Make observations and ask a question Come up with a hypothesis ie an educated guess Find a way to test the hypothesis Analyze the data and make conclusions Report the results U PP Ni


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