Week 2 Notes
Week 2 Notes PHHE 295
Popular in Introduction to Public Health
Popular in Public Health
This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Himani Dholakia on Saturday September 5, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PHHE 295 at Northern Illinois University taught by Matthew Wittrup in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 86 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Public Health in Public Health at Northern Illinois University.
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Date Created: 09/05/15
September 5 2015 PHIIE 295 Chapter 2 Organizations That Help Shape Community amp Public Health 0 3 classi cations 1 Governmental taxfunded gt federal state local gt managed by elected government of cials gt runs a small geographic area 2 Quasigovemmental 3 Nongovernmental funded by donationsmembership 0 Organization and careful long term planning are necessary for the community to best use its resources now and over time o Topdown funding money from federal or state government to local level o Governmental health agencies state federal or local health agencies that are funded by tax money Exist at 4 levels international assist amp collaborate w national health agencies national state local 0 World Health Organization WHO Largest international health organization World health assembly delegates of member nations of WHO McKenzie amp Pinger 2015 Approves WHO programs and budget WHO has 22 core functions in order to ful ll its objective which is to attain the highest level of health possible by all people WHO sponsored programs to help general programme of work vision and guide of WHO Millennium Development Goals MDGs National Health Agencies 0 Responsible for protection of health and welfare of citizens 0 Almost all agencies fall under the Dept of Health and Human Services DHHS o Other federal agencies that contribute to health Dept of Agriculture EPA OSHA and Dept of Homeland Security bioterrorism is the biggest component Dept of Health and Human Services primary of US Administration on Aging AoA Administration for Children and Families ACF Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality AHRQ Agency for Toxic Substances and Diseases Registry ATSDR Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC V Primary function respond to major issues and prevent outbreaks and spreading of diseases Food and Drug Administration FDA V Pharmaceuticals and food safety Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services CMS Health Resources and Services Administration HRSA Indian Health Services IHS V Serves American Indians and Alaskan natives National Institutes of Health NIH V Primary function research Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration SAMHSA State Health Agencies 0 All 50 states have their own health departments but they all serve the same purpose to promote protect and maintain health and welfare of citizens 0 Core functions of public health assessment policy development and assurance in detail below amp photo in textbook Core Functions and services of public health 1 Monitor health identifying outbreaks reporting diseases as cases 2 Diagnosing amp investigation look Who you have been in contact With Where you got the disease identifying risks 9 89 Inform educate empower Mobilize community partnerships Developing policies Enforce laws Link to provide care Assure competent workforce making sure the doctor you see is properly trained educated quali ed and experienced Evaluate Sliding Scale scale that is used to set a payment amount based on how much the payee is able to pay Quasigovemmental health organizations organizations that have responsibilities set for them by the government but function as voluntary organizations American Red Cross National Science Foundation National Academy of Sciences Voluntary health agencies nonpro t run by citizens who care or a speci c cause that s not considered by the governmental health agencies They raise money for fund programs Examples American Cancer Society United Way Philanthropic Foundation organization that donates money for the good of humankind Example Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation Coordinated School Health Programs Internal program within a school or school district working together prevent health issues that may arrive ensure health Involvement of health and PE teachers food services social workers PTA school psychologists Problem with CSH programs lack funding sometimes parents object to what the team wants to do Service Social and Religious Organizations 0 Primary purpose is to enjoy interacting with those with similar interestsvalues and to provide service to community members Corporate Involvement o Worksite wellness programs designed to trim employee medical costs and ensure healthy and safe work environment 0 Corporations support health and wellness programs in and outside of work to decrease the amount of money paid for health care bene ts and to keep workers at optimal health
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