Chapter 2 Textbook (Of The People) Notes
Chapter 2 Textbook (Of The People) Notes HIST 145
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This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by Tiara Notetaker on Saturday September 5, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 145 at Towson University taught by Dr. Andrew Diemer in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 163 views. For similar materials see HIST 145 - HIST OF U.S. TO THE CIVIL WAR in History at Towson University.
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Date Created: 09/05/15
Common abbreviations Sp Spain or Spanish Fr France or French Eng England or English Euro Europe or Europeans Natives Native Americans or Indians N Am North America gt leads to lt caused by W with est established bW between Chapter 2 Colonial Outposts 1550 1650 Pages 32 57 American Portrait Don Luis de Velasco Finds His Way Home p 32 Paquiquineo Powhatan Indian Virginia renamed Don Luis de Velasco by Sp 1561 captured by Sp For 10 years Ta ken to Mexico baptized educated Then to Havana Then to Sp worked for King Felipe Back Havana asked Jesuits if he could est a Christian mission among his people in VA 1570 returned to his own people refused to give Jesuits food proving loyalty to his home Powhatans killed the Jesuits except one Alonso Sp come rescue Alonso search for Lois 1607 Jamestown Eng est same area Main Point many Natives spent time w Euros many Euros spent time w Natives learning languagecultures gt increased relations even though not voluntary Pursuing Wealth and Glory Along the North American Shore p 33 Whosoever commands the sea commands the trade whosoever commands the trade of the world commands the riches of the world and consequently the world itself Sir Walter Raleigh 3 Common factors among Euro Nations a Goal bring in the greatest revenue the lowest cost b Harmonious relations with or elimination of Indians gt success c Chosen route to prosperity gt distinct colonial patterns European Objectives Columbus discovered new land gt Sp Takes advantage conquers natives becomes rich gt Other Euro Nations seeking wealth in nonSptakenterritories and still another path to Asia Goal quick return on investment NOT permanent settlement Conquistadores Spanish conquerors John Cabot Italian sailor Seeking funding for voyage to Asia Eng funded him 1497 lands in Newfoundland claims territory for Eng EngFr Send fishers to Newfoundland gt New France along St Lawrence River Canada gt Beaver pelt trade w Natives The Huge Geographical Barrier 0 Ferdinand Magellan 1522 first roundworld voyage Sp Fr roundworld expeditions through N Am failed harsh winters battles w Natives Spanish Outposts 0 EngFr find no gold I gt Why not steal from Sp I 0 Sp Ships from MexicoS Am sail North to catch trade winds gt Fr lay in wait off coast of Florida and Carolinas gt King Felipe II Sp est forts in Florida gt Fr est Fort Caroline 0 Pedro Menendez de Aviles Sp 500 soldiers attack Ft Caroline gt Fr Surrender gt Sp Kill them anyways 0 Sp est Fort St Augustine 1565 Attacks by Francis Drake gt Sp abandonment of all except St Augustine New France An Outpost in the Global Political Economy p 37 0 Massacre Ft Caroline gt Fr solo attention on St Laurence region New France 0 Fishing crews gt beaver trade gt fur hats in Fr The Indian Background to French Settlement 0 Mourning Wars Iroquois in North New York Clan A kills member of Clan B gt Clan B goes to Clan A and steals or kills one of their members Violence within own Clan stealing murder etc nonexistent 0 Mourning Wars gt the Five Nations aka Great League of Peace No more fighting Unite against enemies Algonquians Hurons Fr Champlain Encounters the Hurons 0 Fr Catholic vs Huguenot Civil War 154115948 0 Fishing in N Am still continues but no new settlements 0 Samuel de Champlain Fr 1608 est post Quebec Canada Competed w other Fr in fur trade Sent men to live with Hurons to learn languageculturebuild relations First permanent Fr settlement gt Peasants brought in to grow food gt Catholic priests brought in to convert Natives American Landscape Huronia p 40 0 10 Facts about Hurons 1 20000 living in Huronia elevated for defense Long houses hosted several families supervised by a woman Racks bunks built for sleeping children on higher bunks Ground covered in garbage dead animals waste etc Farms located on border of village Husband moves in w wife marriages usually didn t last long Clan led by two men chosen by the woman supervisor Children trained for mourning war 9 Children breastfed till age 4 self potty trained 10 Children never punished one rule no restraints on life WNQMPP P Creating a Middle Ground in New France Fr Learned to sleep on the ground Had Indian wives in addition to their own Joined to fight against Iroquois Purchased loyalty with presents Natives Hunted more beavers for Fr Turned Euro brass pots into jewelry Used Euro iron tools to decorate jewelry Also accepted polygamy more than one spouse Note EngDutch ally with Iroquois An Outpost in a Global Political Economy Population of New France 1650 2000 1714 19000 Population of Hurons 50 cut in half by diseases gt Hurons looking to other Natives North and West to help in fur trade gt Becomes middlemen between other Natives and Fr gt Fr trade cloth guns and other goods to help them out New Netherland The Empire of a Trading Nation p 43 Colonization by a Private Company Dutch independence from Sp war ended in 1648 Protestant like Eng Home to Jews expelled from Sp Erasmus Renaissance humanist believed in toleration and moderation gt Dutch putting aside religious and political differences to focus on trade Hudson River Valley Henry Hudson Eng sailed to find route to Asia through North Pole 1609 persuaded Dutch East India Company to sponsor him believed Chesapeake Bay let to Pacific Ocean took New York Harbor up to Albany gt Husdon River 1614 New Netherland Company starts monopoly of trade bw Delaware and Connecticut rivers 1621 Dutch West India Company monopolizes trade bw Americas and Africa gt Fort Orange Albany New Amsterdam New York City gt purchased island of Manhattan from Algonquians 1629 patroons men who would take 50 settlers to the new colony received huge plots of land People who volunteered to farm land and give 10 back would receive small plots of land 1640 200 acres given to anyone who brought 50 adults over gt Expansion from Manhattan to New Jersey Long Island Delaware 1655 took over New Sweden Delaware No religious or government order battle bw immigrants and Dutch West India Company Slavery and Freedom in New Netherland Colonists abandoned agriculture for trade Dutch West India Company wanted to provide food in Brazilian and Caribbean colonies gt sugar plantation slave economy Dutch warship dropped off the first 20 African slaves Jamestown 1619 In exchange for food Transported Africans to other nation s colonies as well gt Transatlantic slave trade By 1664 Dutch took 12 million from Africa Only 700 of those went to New Netherland gt Africans became 8 of New Netherland s population Religious toleration lt commercial prosperity 1652 purchased land from Indians must be approved by the government to avoid mistreatment of Indians The DutchIndian Trading Partnership most profitable fur trade like Fr Indians relied on Euro for weapons to fight other Indians Dutch and Mahicans of Algonquians Mohawks of Iroquois attacked Dutch 1628 Mohawks win only desire to become new trading partners gt Mahicans move to Connecticut The Beaver Wars 16481660s Susquehannocks attacked Iroquois Mahicans attacked Mohawks Hurons cut trade bw Iroquois and Fr gtIroquois fight Hurons allies w Fr out west Iroquois win turn to trade w Fr Fr already began trading w Algonquians 1664 Eng conquers New Netherland gt Trade with Iroquois England Attempts an Empire p 47 The Origins of English Nationalism King Henry VIII bans Catholicism est Protestantism gt Mary daughter reinstates Catholicism burns Protestants gt Elizabeth other daughter aka Queen Elizabeth I reinstates Protestantism Anglican Church The Hakluyts 2 cousins both named Richard from Eng Saw colonies as a opportunity for raw materials and market for manufactured goods gtNo dependence on Fr Or Sp gtLess unemployment in Eng gtNatives would be converted gtAdvance the glory of God gtSp Would suffer a blow Their outlook on colonies was never fulfilled by them Raiding Other Empires Eng 1st move steal from Sp Queen Elizabeth I not willing to risk colonization gt Privateering state sanctioned piracy Sir Francis Drake Isthmus of Panama raiding expedition Defeated Spanish Armada during his roundtheworld expedition 157715 80 15 851604 100 privateers sent out per year Financed by jointstock companies gt modern day corporations America and the World The English on the Edge of Empire p 49 Rehearsal in Ireland 15651576 conquest of Ireland Replaced Irish leaders with Englishmen gt Model for est colonies Paid for by joint stock companies privateers or charters Cultural difference bw Eng And Irish gt bw Eng and Natives 2 massacres killed Irish Catholics Eng viewed them as barbaric The Roanoke Venture Roanoke Eng 1st colony Plymoth Eng 1st permanent colony 1585 Sir Richard Grenville 600 Eng unemployed Walter Raleigh 1584 charter north of St Augustine Knighted Sir by Queen Elizabeth I Prepared for war against Sp Ships Desired to deliver food to Roanoke from Eng lt Queen sends him to New Foundland instead gt people in Roanoke turn to the Roanoke natives who are eager to trade Eng use force demands gt native s supply Eng accuse natives of stealing burn village and cornfield gt depletes EngNative supply of food gt Roanoke natives leave island Eng starve 0 2nd attempt to est Roanoke fails 0 Roanoke 30000 wasted investment The Abandoned Colony 0 Sir Walter Raleigh steals Sp enslaved AfricansNatives Frees them in the Carolinas Food supply ship from Eng never arrives lt Spanish Armada Those Roanoke left sign CROATOAN Storm gt Raleigh spends winter in Caribbean gtnever makes it to Croatoan King James I arrests Raleigh for treason never checking up on them 0 1607 Jamestown est Chesapeake Heard abandoned people from Roanoke survived and lived w Natives Never went to confirm 0 Sp empire declining 0 Eng pitfalls Abandoned Roanoke showed lack of care Mistreatment of Natives ruined support Conclusion p 55 0 Euros est colonies to achieve politicaleconomical advantage over others 0 Key Features Sp a Armed forces b Missionaries to convert natives Fr a Indian allies Fought Indian battles c Missionaries to convert natives Dutch a Trade w natives Eng a Gained experience in Ireland Mistreated Indians C Failed first attempt Roanoke P
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