Introduction to Ethnobotany / Ecosystem Services
Introduction to Ethnobotany / Ecosystem Services PBIO1030
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Steven Hernandez on Saturday September 5, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PBIO1030 at Ohio University taught by Dr. Thompson in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 177 views. For similar materials see Plants and People in Biomedical Sciences at Ohio University.
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Date Created: 09/05/15
Wednesday August 26 2015 PBIO 1030 Basics of Plant Uses Plants vs Animals Differences between plants and animals Plants are producers while animals are consumers Plants are immobile and can be harvested We have a bigger biomass of plants than animals in the world At least 10 times difference between plants and animals For every 10000 joules of energy made of plants only 10 is used by tertiary consumers Plant Production and Its Uses Primary production How much plant matter is produced Plants put some energy into making secondary chemicals which can be used to attract hosts repel attackers in carnivorous plants attract prey help the spread of its seed sperm protection from stress How do these chemicals help human cultures Medicines Food Self defence Attack Wednesday August 26 2015 Examples of plant compounds plant productivity that humans can use Building materials wood and bark primary Clothing use of cotton fabrics secondary Release of oxygen to make livings spaces more breathable primary Medicines secondary Shelter primary o Food Fruit primary Dyes Colors secondary Evidence of Prehistoric Plant Use Use in folklore Ancient pieces of grinding stones old tools used for plant production Ancient remains of plants plant seeds Oral traditions Connections made from modern forms of indigenous peoples Richard Shultes Considered the Father of Ethnobotany One of the first to immerse himself into the culture Respected indigenous people customs Engaged in rituals Carried little equipment had to rely on indigenous friendship for survival Never threatened peoples Wednesday August 26 2015 Amazon Rainforest Shultes research location Stayed in the Colombian region Largest rainforest in the world Other Peoples Maori of New Zealand used inner fruit of gourd for food and used the shell to carry water Have had contemporary issues out of inability to access agricultural land due to white European settlement New Zealand government currently working on economic and social answers in order to assist the tribes in developing their land What the Maori would need out of government Land the main priority Not cutting off access Respect of the culture No forced modernization Modern irrigation systems modern agricultural items OR no modernization at all Friday August 28 2015 PBIO Ecosystem Services What I Got Wrong on the Test Public Good a resource that can be used and is not damaging can t destroy other resources selfregulating Ecosystem Values If you walk in nature you can have boosts in your cognitive performance such as attention and memory Ecosystems Plants Plants are the primary producers in an ecosystem Primary production is a supporting ecosystem service Primary productivity supports Provisioning water food shelter Regulating erosion control clean water Cultural beauty recreation spirituality education art Supporting services are indirect or changes experienced by people occur over a long period of time o nutrient cycling o soil formation oxygen production through photosynthesis Ecosystem Services Protection Actions Clean AirAct 1963 Friday August 28 2015 Pesticide Control Bill 1964 Water Quality Act 1965 Water Resource Planning Act 1965 Wilderness Act Empowered Congress to designate wilderness areas for protection Goal was to preserve natrual conditions in areas that have not been developed consist of at least 5000 acres offer space for solitude or recreation in primitive areas have ecological geological scenic or historic values Our greatest conservation achievement protects 110 million acres of US land Are these public goods yes so we must protect our environments Use or nonuse value they could be even if it is just for cultural inspirational reasons If not it is nonuse since you won t use it How Can We Put a Value on Ecosystem Services Estimations based on what people are willing to pay for reservation Paying by how much the market would bear For some we pay directly ie timber Some are public goods ie clean air How much would it cost to replace that service What is it worth to the people Friday August 28 2015 According to scientific measures a tree is worth 53000 a year Air quality Producing C02 Energy regulation Food production Etc Against Exploitation There are several organizations that protect environments against exploitation Some protect nutrients resources and even native peoples from said areas Some independent organizations have protected areas since the 1800 s
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