J101-Grammar for Communication
J101-Grammar for Communication
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This 10 page Reader was uploaded by Morgan Miller on Thursday May 15, 2014. The Reader belongs to a course at University of Oregon taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 100 views.
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Date Created: 05/15/14
Rule 1 I Don t use an apostrophe to make a word plural I Example Ioneses not Iones s I When using initialisms abbreviations made up of letters that are not pronounced as words avoid adding apostrophe to make plural unless it would be confusing not to do so Example DVDsATMs B sSOS s when writing about a decade don t use an apostrophe before the s l960s or 60s Rule 2 I With nouns and indefinite pronouns use an apostrophe to show possession I When a noun or indefinite pronoun such as everyone or someone possesses something the grammatically correct way to show possession is by using an apostrophe usually followed by an s Example Nicllty s dreams of becoming a teacher The families shared name Everyone s favorite coffee shop I If a singular noun owns something just add apostrophe s if plural noun owns something make the word plural first then add apostrophe s Singular possessive Plural possessive Visitor s ticlltet Visitors ticlltets Girl s room Girls room some writers recommend adding just an apostrophe and no s example Illinois weather but it s best to add s unless told not to do so some nouns work together one works as adjective called attributive nouns and don t need s I When two or more nouns possess something together Only add apostrophe s to second nounExample Hannah and Blake s I When two nouns each own something separately use apostrophe s with eachExample Tom s and Debbie s dogs Rule 3 I Do NOT use an apostrophe to make personal pronouns possessive You She He It We They Who H objective I Me You Her Him It Us Them Whom Possessive My mine Your yours Her hers His Its Our ours Their theirs whose I It and who are the only personal pronouns that you can add an apostrophe to and when you do you ve created a contraction not a possessive pronoun I Choose first possessive noun option when noun being possessed comes after the possessive pronoun I Choose second when noun being possessed comes before the possessive noun Rule 4 I When forming contractions put your apostrophe in the right place I Apostrophe always goes where the missing letter or number was I Most commonly accepted d substituted for would 11 substituted for will m substituted for am s substituted for is n t substituted for not re substituted for are ve substituted for have How d what I1 what re what s what Ve and you d Pract1ce 1 When writing about a decade where do you put the apostrophe 2 Do you make a noun plural first if a plural noun owns something or do you add the apostrophe 3 If two or more nouns possess something together what do you do 4 Where does the apostrophe always go Answers 1 Where the missing numbers are or don t use one before the s Example l939ZOs or quotZOs 2 Make word plural first then add apostrophe 3 Only add apostrophe s to the second noun 4 Where the missing letter or number was
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