Week 2 notes
Week 2 notes CRJ 100
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Tova raymond on Saturday September 5, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to CRJ 100 at Arizona State University taught by Dr. Schultz in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 87 views. For similar materials see Intro to Criminal Justice in Criminal Justice at Arizona State University.
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Date Created: 09/05/15
9193 Chapter 2 A typical social definition of crime is behavior that violates the norms of society 0 Norms vary from group to group 0 Norms are subject to interpretation 0 Norms change from time to time and place to place Norms any standard or rule regarding what human beings should or should not think say or do under given circumstances Mens Rea criminal intent a guilty state of mind 0 You know the difference between right and wrong but act wrongly anyways 0 Myth know this is FALSE the availability of an insanity defense allows dangerous offenders to escape conviction and go free 0 Fact don t need to know first defendants found not guilty by reason of insanity rarely go free Generally they are confined to a mental institution until they are deemed by the committing court or some other judicial body to be sane or no longer dangerous Uniform Crime Reports UCR A collection of crime statistics and other law enforcement information gathered under a voluntary national program administered by the FBI 0 One of the primary sources of crime statistics in the United States is the uniform crime reports 0 Only reported crimes can be reported in the UCR Status offense an act that is illegal for a juvenile but would not be a crime if committed by an adult 0 Ex running away from home According to the UCR the rate of violent crime has decreased for the last 8 years general statistic National crime victimization surveys NCVS o A source of crime statistics based on interviews in which respondents are asked whether they have been victims of any of the FBI s index offenses except murder and nonnegligent manslaughter and arson or other crimes during the past 6 months If they have they are asked to provide information about the experience 0 The NCVS is a major source of crime statistics in the US The cost to victims of street crime is only 10 110th as much as annual losses to victims of corporate white collar crime 0 If you add up all the costs to victims from homicide theft burglary robbery etc it barely adds up to only a tenth of the cost death damage of whitecollar crime financial fraud tax evasion stocks etc Myth know this is FALSE the people most fearful of crime are the people most vulnerable to crime Fact don t need to know the people most fearful of crime are not necessarily members of groups with the highest rates of victimization For example the demographic group most afraid of crime female senior citizens is the least likely to be victimized The most likely victims of violent crime are Younger age 1224 Single Never married divorced or separated Poor Black and Latino Urban residents city Male Living in the west or Midwest not necessarily true today OOOOOOO