Week One Class Notes
Week One Class Notes HIST 145
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Tiara Notetaker on Saturday September 5, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 145 at Towson University taught by Dr. Andrew Diemer in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 92 views. For similar materials see HIST 145 - HIST OF U.S. TO THE CIVIL WAR in History at Towson University.
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Date Created: 09/05/15
Common Abbreviations Sp Span or Spanish Eng England or English Fr France or French gt leads to W with bc because est established Euro Europeans or Europe note important Week One Class Notes Classes 827 91 93 827 Main Themes on 0 Originally occupied by North African Moores Muslim 0 Christians push Moores south Nation is built on a common religion common enemy 0 1492 Moores are expelled from Sp and Jews gt National unity makes it easier to expand gt Columbus Atlantic Ocean 0 Connects not divides gt Trade The Columbian Exchange gt Easier travel no smooth roads on land 0 Columbian Exchange gt Diseases gt Tomatoes to Italy peppers to India potatoes to Ireland gt Slaves Natives Africans Africa Slaverv 0 It is inaccurate to say that Africans enslaved their own people bc one nation enslaved another They did not consider themselves as one people just bc they lived on the same continent 0 Euro couldn t build plantations in Africa bc of the existing nations and governments but they could buy slaves Big Themes a Slavery b The Atlantic World c Nationalism 91 In the Shadow of Spain 1500s S13 is the greatest power in Euro gt Seeking gold build ships hire soldiers etc gt Asserts control over Portugal but they keep their own languageculture 0 Netherlands desire to fight back Eng joins gt Spanish Armada eet of Sp ships to invade Eng Fails due to a storm Good example of how they used their acquired colonial wealth from Mexico 0 Privateers Goal steal Sp gold Promoted by Euro Monarchs to get back Sp gt Sir Francis Drake knighted by Queen Elizabeth I 0 Fort Caroline Fr and El Morro Sp to protect settlements and reload ships 0 Grand Banks Cape Cod Nova Scotia great fishing sites 0 Native Americans come to banks to see new comers gt Euro discover other commodities Beaver pelts rare in Euro gt King James I wearing a beaver hat 0 It s not Europeans vs Natives but English vs French vs Spanish vs Natives French North America St Lawrence river highway into North America gt Beaver fur trade Catholic missionaries relies on negotiation and compromise not domination like Sp Dutch North America gt Present day New Jersey New York New Amsterdam Hudson River gt highway into North America Netherlands small population gt settlement s small population gt Reaching out to Germany Portugal for settlers gt Multicultural ethnic religious colonies Mourning War One Indian group would capture members of another group As a result that Indian group would retaliate and do the same and it becomes an on going process Indian warfare changed from capturing womenchildren and torturing men to fighting a deadlier war like Euro Diseases majority previously nonexistent in North America Summary The Spanish Empire dominates South America and becomes rich in gold English French and Dutch find means of survival in North America far away from Spanish by fishing fur trade and compromise w Indians 93 English Colonies in the Atlantic World Wampanoag 0 Living off coast of southern New England 0 First thanksgiving Enclosure Movement 0 Walls built to enclose countryside m 0 Eng asserts control over Ireland 0 Eng lords willing to spend own money to rule given land to live on 0 Justification for Eng take over a Eng consider Irish to be barbaric religiouslyculturally b Irish aren t really farming efficiently so Eng are doing them a favor King James I 0 After Queen Elizabeth I 0 Signs peace treaty w Sp No one will touch the other s territory Ends privateering Early English Colonies 0 1607 Jamestown VA 1st permanent Eng colony gt Founded by eXprivateers looking for gold gt 5 months later AprSept half are dead those looking for gold adventurers not the type to farm gt Dependence on Powhatan gt Produce tobacco great profit in Eng gt desire for more land to farm taken from Powhatan King Henry VIII 0 married Catherine of Sp 0 wants a divorce bc she did not give him a son not permitted by Catholic church 0 bans Catholicism stars Protestant church 0 Other issues Desires to give church land to political supporters 1517 Martin Luther 95 Thesis nailed to Catholic church gt Reformation gt One of the first things mass produced by printing press Queen Elizabeth I daughter of Henry solidifies church of Eng Keeps many Catholic traditions English Puritans Desire to purify Church of Eng from Catholic traditions No hierarchies bishops archbishops priests cardinals etc Direct connection bw believer and God gt Promoted teaching literacy in order to read the Bible Leave Church of Eng Separatists pilgrims gt Netherlands land of religious tolerance gt Charter from King James I happy to get rid of them 1620 est Plymoth on the May ower in Massachusetts gt 12 die I 1629 Massachusetts Bay Colony King Charles I Large migration of settlers w families Puritans Some fishermen aren t Puritan 1625 Barbados colony est by Eng disease kills natives before Euro arrival permanent settlement in 1627 indentured servants grow tobacco and sugar 1640s equally important as Massachusetts Bay Colony Plymoth bc no one knew which would become part of the United States at the time and which wouldn t They were all just trying to prosper Class Reading John Winthrop A Model of Christian Charity 1630 New Eng desires to be a city on a hill a An example to other colonies b An example to Eng still Catholic Wanted God to govern a Even though Winthrop was actually the governor b Keep the unity of the spirit in the bond of peace c commerce together in all meekness gentleness patience etc Summary The English due to their forced control over Ireland believe that they are able to establish colonies but first they send pirates to steal from Spain Eventually Jamestown becomes the first permanent settlement thanks to Puritans who left England due to the unrest about the Anglican church keeping Catholic traditions despite it banning the religion We saw in the class reading the New England s desire was to please God and let His govern the colonies to keep the settlers unified