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Persia, Greece, Rome

by: Laura Dominguez

Persia, Greece, Rome HIS 151

Marketplace > La Salle University > History > HIS 151 > Persia Greece Rome
Laura Dominguez
La Salle
GPA 3.8

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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Laura Dominguez on Sunday February 28, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIS 151 at La Salle University taught by DE ANGELIS in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 31 views. For similar materials see GLOBAL HIS TO 1500 in History at La Salle University.


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Date Created: 02/28/16
Persia, Greece, and Rome: Where does the Persian Empire being? (origin) Interaction between Media and Persia is the first recording of the  P. Empire.  1. Media is a powerful empire.  2. A powerful ruler and a lot of Vassals a. Persia was a vassal state, an independent entity that  paid tribute to Media. 3. Cyrus the Great did not want to continue payinf tribute. He  rose up and took power away from the Medes’ ruler in  550BCE. a. The king was his grandfather, King Astyges. 4. Cyrus expands Persian power. a. Expands extensively into Greece, Egypt, Jerusalem… b. He constructs long royal road to transport. c. Strong and innovative military armour and different  ways to conquer:  i. Uses light infantry aka Cataphacts ii. Heavily armored, horses armed as well iii. Phalanx system: military formation Philip II: Father of Alexander the Great Alexander takes over in 336 BCE  Starts expansion process   334­330 BCE, he forces Persians out of Macedonia and  forces Persians to retreat (and go east)   takes over persepolis   invades Egypt and becomes pharaph in 332BCE  also becomes king of Persia   also emperor of Macedonia  great general (in battles)  after his death, the empire fractures o Antigonid Kingdom Greece o Ptolemaic Kingdom Egypt o Seleucid Kingdom Southwest Asia  Greeks spread their culture amongst all of ancient world and  move around. Rome Origin: A shewolf nurses Romulus and Remus in 1753 BCE. City of Rome founded c. 1999 BCE, part of an Etruscan Kingdom, who where in power prior to Romans in what is known as Ancient  Lattium.   In about 500 BCE it becomes a republic. o i.e, a state with elected officials  large assembly that elected 2 consuls  annually elected  the Praetor governed the city when counsels were  not in Rome  Twelve Tablets of Law o The law equally applied to everyone despite wealth (in  contrast to Hammurabi’s Code which was classist) o First law code in Europe o Wealthy landowners are able to build large estates  known as Latifundias while there are masses of poor  people who are unable to support themselves. o Farmers don’t have land to grow food o Slaves en masse  Marius introduces series of reforms to create balance. o Creates professional army which pays o Creates retirement plans for these legionaires (men  enlisted in the army) which eases wealth disparity  o Provides poor men with arms for army purposes  Close bonds form between generals and legionaires  Generals manipulate the masses; here Julius Caesar comes to power.  o Well­loved o Innovative, great orator o Rose in rank very quickly  Names self “Dictator for Life” with support from the army  Assasinated by members of the senate o “Et tu Brutus” Octavian aka Augustus Given new name by the senate after brutal civil war caused by  Julius Caesar’s assassination.   He led victorious faction in war  Augustus: “revered one” o His ascent to power begins the Roman Empire Julius Caesar was assassinated by senate because they wanted  the Republic re­established (from the dictatorship it had become)  and now Augustus ended up becoming an even more powerful  dictator.  Roman empire encompasses most of Mediterranean territory and part of Britannia.   44 provinces within empire; each with trusted advisors  Empirial roads are created  o Pax Romana: “period of peace” o all borders were stable, not under much attack, and  supported Augustus and his empirical ways. o Until about 180 AD  Military was extremely helpful in maintaining pax romana for  about 200 years.  Creates Military Junta which is comprised of Magnates, i.e,  very powerful military men which bind the empire.   Northern reaches of empire experiences turmoil. Think  German/northern territories.   At this time, Persia is rule by the Parthians.   Romans eventually clash with the Parthians.  o Romans win both clashes.  o Parthia gives up a lot of wealth; at this time it was a  very rich dynasty. They fight largely over Armenia  because it leads to Caspian Sea (read: more trade). o Both empires suffer as they fight: both weaken o


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