Art History: Art of World Civilizations I
Art History: Art of World Civilizations I ARTH 200IA-001
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This 9 page Class Notes was uploaded by AllyCat on Sunday September 6, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ARTH 200IA-001 at Montana State University taught by Emberlin, Barbara in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 125 views. For similar materials see Art of World Civilization I in Art at Montana State University.
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Date Created: 09/06/15
ARTH 200lA 001 Art History Art of World Civilization Week 2 Lecture 1 Terms Tigris and Euphrates rivers Ur Uruk Cuneiform The Epic of Gilgamesh Ziggurat Bentaxis approach Cea Register Frieze Hierarchy of scale Heraldic composition Stele Cylinder seal Inlay technique Anthropomorphism Theme With the rst civilizations came artistic conventions with social conventions Creative expression helps people both organize society and understand their world What was the worldview of the Mesopotamians and how do we see it expressed in their art With the advent of writing literature becomes a source for art history quotStonehengequot 0 000000000 Salisbury Plain in Wiltshire England 2550 1600 BCE Circle 97 diameter Trilithons approx 2439 high Blue stone not from this land so it raises interest how the people got it Vertical stone post Horizontal stone lintel It has been added on and taken rom through centuries Summer Solstice is very important for this structure There is a heal stone outside of the circle that can be seen from the middle of the circle Is this a place for the dead Possibly cremations of the elite there For religious rights possibly Is it a sacred temple Is it a healing center To make monoliths Dig rectangular hole one side of it at a 45 degree angle 2030 ton stone pushed into hold on log sledge Ropes used to pull pillars upright Quickly pack gap with dirt turf rocks bones etc Stones allowed to settle for months Lintels jacked or wedged up to post level on a lattice setup of logs 0 People had more time on their hands so they made more art Middle East Modern Iraq and Syria Cultural sharing Religionism is born works of the patronism of Abraham City states developed Hostile environment fear of river valley but dependent on it OOOOOO quotGilgameshquot 0 First great epic 0 Made from some tablets quotSumarian cuneiform tabletquot o Tells of epic of Gilgamesh being about wild people going into settlements quotWhite Temple and Zigguratquot o Uruk Iraq 0 3200 BCE 0 Begin to see math politics and knowledge growing 0 God gt King gt Community 0 Keeps surplus of food safe there 0 Ziggurats have bentaxis approach Want deities to be comfortable when they visit cities so people made it higher up 60 Higher members of community only allowed in quotSculptures in constant prayerquot 0 Not human or deity Waiting for their God Large eyes always in prayer form Offering to the Gods by the creators Genders ARE present Trying to appease deities OOOOO quotFemale Head lnannaquot o Uruk Iraq 0 3200 BCE 0 Marble 8quot high Depicts the a goddess in the esh People made the head to try to relate with the deity Inanna is the goddess of Love and War 0000 quotWarka Vasequot o Uruk Iraq 3200 BCE Alabaster 339 High First narrative relief sculpture heirarchy scale conceptual approach composite view pro le view composed in registers friezes 0000 quotRoyal Cemeteryquot 0 Ur Iraq 0 Legendary home of patriarch Abraham quotStandard of Urquot Royal Cemetery in Ur Iraq 2600 BCE Wood inlaid with shell Lapis lazuli and red limestone Approx 8quot X 1 7quot Peace half and War half Hierarchy of scale Composite view Pro le view Narrative organized into registers 0 000000000 Lecture 2 Terms Cylinder Seal Sargon of Akkad Hammurabi of Babylon Shamash Stele Monumental Stone Construction Citadel Nebuchadnezzar II Darius of Persia Theme Cultural continuity persists in imagery as kingdoms and the rst great empires rise and fall in the Ancient Near East Art of the later Mesopotamian periods expresses a new concept of royal power loyalty to the king over loyalty to the city state as was common in Sumaria The Palace complexes of the Assyrians and Persians show how leaders used art to enhance their power and in uence quotBull Headed Lyre and Soundboxquot o Ur Iraq Wood and inlaid with gold lapis shell 139 7 high 2600 BCE Anthropomorphic Anthropomorphism Animals with human qualities OOOOO quotBanquetScenequot 0 Cylinder Seal from Ur Iraq Modern Impression 2quot high 2600 BCE Buried with people City State Council of elders Patron God or Goddess Took over Sumarians Different Proto Empire One ruler Sargon Sargon above people Almost divine power 0 Shared and adopted or incorporated Sumarian culture 0000 00000 0 quotVictory Stele of Naram Sinquot 0 Susa Iran 2254 228 BCE Pine sandstone Approx 639 7quot high Stele No registers closer to perspective Haslandscape Hierarchy of scale Depicting actual event Uni ed space OOOOOOOOO o Troops all looking at bigger guy Bigger and being looked at gives a big hint that the guy is important Neo Sumarian state of Ur Ziggurat Ur Iraq 2100 BCE Mud bricks Glazed and baked made harder Dedicated to the Moon Goddess Nanna So high up to Keep oods away Get closer to Gods Protections from enemies Babylon is the greatest city of this time period OOOOOOOO quotBabyloniaquot o Stele with law code of Hammurabi Susa lran 1780 BCE Basa 739 4quot high Over 300 speci c laws Broke laws punishments serious Uniform laws laws for everyone Considered quotDivinequot Laws 0 Composite view 0 Male dominance shaped like a penis on purpose OOOOO quotHittite Empirequot 0 Lion Gate Boghazkoy Turkey Limestone Lions are approx 739 high Flanking Guardians Monumental stone construction OOOOO quotAssyrian Empirequot 0 Citadel Had rst professional army Had rst administrative empire Dur Sharrukin Iraq 720 BCE Over 1 square mile in area OOOOO o 7 stage ziggurat o 25 acre palace 0 Protected and forti ed quotLamassuquot o Winged human headed bull 0 From citadel of Sargon II o Dur Sharrukin Iraq 0 720 BCE quotAssyrian archers pursuing enemiesquot 0 Relief from Northwest Palace of Ashurnasirpal II in Kahlu Iraq 0 87 BCE 0 Approx 3quot high 0 Disproportional view Rec a on Terms Naturalistic Stylized Abstracted Realistic Subtractive sculpture Additive sculpture High relief sculpture Low relief sculpture Freestanding sculpture in the round Composite view or twisted perspective Pro le view Frontal view Hierarchy of scale Registers quotGoddessquot 0 Wall painting 0 Conceptual o Teotihuacan Mexico 0 650 750 Subtracting Additive Lecture 3 Terms Egyptology Nile River Upper and Lower Egypt Ka Hieroglyphics Amun Re Osiris Horus Mastaba Pyramid Afterlife King Djoser lmhotep Engaged columns Ben ben Ashlar masonry Canon and proportions Theme Geography and social political conservationism are factors in the same sense of continuity in Egyptian art Artistic conventions established the Old Kingdom period and followed for 3000 years created traditions and a sense of permanence quotAssurbanipal hunting lionsquot 0 Relief 0 Found at the North Palace of Assurbanipal in Nineveh Iraq 0000 645 BCE Gypsum 539 4quot high Trying to show anatomy muscles and such quotTower of Babelquot 0 000000 Peter Bruegel Greatest city in the region 16th century Neo Babylonia Also known as the Tower of Hanging Gardens One of 7 great wonders of the world Multiple levels of ziggurat quotIshtar Gatequot restored 0 00000 Babylon Iraq 575 BCE Glazed brick In Berlin Museum Has animals some naturalistic some composite quotArch of Victoryquot found at beginning of city 000000 0 O Obsessed with geography Isolated surrounded by mountains desert and in a river valley Less threat to way of life Consistency in culture Calendar based on Nile and its ooding Nile praised not feared Great symbolism Great way of tranportation River runs north Longest river in the world Upper Egypt is 39south39 for us Lotus ower represents Upper Egypt Egyptian artwork was made for eyes to never see Just to help the dead quot Rosetta Stonequot 0 0 Biggest thing to help understand Egypt Key to hieroglyphics Found by Napoleon s troops 1800 Beginning of scienti c archeology In British Museum 0000 Heraldic image quotGilgamesh Motifquot o Sumarian 3000 BCE Smiting motif Ramese IV 1000 BCE OOOO quotPalette of King Narmerquot o Hierakonpolis Egypt Predynastic Ceremonial 3000 BCE slate approx 239 high Commemorates uni cation of Upper and Lower Egypt Upper is SOUTH Part of house objects OOOOO o Enternal houses 0 First tombs 0 Important buildings like mastaba are built with stone Houses are built with mud Once you become king in Egypt you must get your people to start to work on your tomb quotlmhotepquot 0 First known architect o Djoser39s right hand man quotFirst columnsquot 0 Non weight bearing 0 Huge in uence on Greece 0 Looks like papyrus
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