Class Notes for Week One
Class Notes for Week One EDUC247010
Popular in The History of Education in America
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Julia on Sunday September 6, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to EDUC247010 at University of Delaware taught by Hampel,Robert L in Spring 2015. Since its upload, it has received 104 views. For similar materials see The History of Education in America in Education and Teacher Studies at University of Delaware.
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I was sick all last week and these notes were exactly what I needed to get caught up. Cheers!
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Date Created: 09/06/15
September 2 The three R s of American Education Reading righting and rithmetic Colonial literacy There was a widespread assumption that you would be literate in colonial America so you would have access to the Bible You would go to school around 5 or 6 years old A lot of the teachers are college students on break others are recruited by the community Boys learned writing more so than women The expectation was that girls would need to write contracts and letters and such Pens were made from goose or duck feathers Pencils had to be imported Paper and ink are scarce and expensive There is also a widespread belief that your handwriting should change depending on what you re writing There was not much emphasis on math What was taught was basic and mostly for boys Questions to consider Why were Puritans so intense What did they learn outside of school Colonial Colleges In the 1630s Harvard was created it was the first college 70 years later we get Yale By the Revolution we have nine colleges seven of which are what we now call the Ivy League Not many people attended any of them About 12 of 1 of adults went to college In the 30 years before the Revolution the entire number of college graduates was smaller than the freshman class at UD Compared to other buildings colleges were large buildings You did not have to go to college to be a lawyer or a doctor It did help if you wanted to be a minister though It was also for gentlemen though it is not exclusively for the wealthy It was expensive but there were people of modest backgrounds Each college set its own entrance exam and that s all it took to get in The age distribution was much largerthere were boys 13 14 years old next to 20 somethings Ezra Stiles was the president of Yale College He was a minister because each college had a religious connection They weren t necessarily teaching you to be a minister but religion was a requirement Nassau Hall Princeton was the biggest building in colonial America Students would be woken up at 5 in the morning for prayers and study You weren t required to follow a religion but you were expected to be in chapel You and your classmates would move through classes together You would be asked to stand and recite what you ve learned Not every college had dorms Often you would get a list of families in the area and you had to figure out where to stay Colleges were patterned after how they looked in England There was an emphasis on order and balance Most libraries were small Yale was named after a man who donated a ton of books Most college libraries were open only a few hours a week Colonial academies it was in between a college and those basic schools It offered more advanced work that could get you ready for a college though it was not simply college prep They offered more classes based on what the local community wanted to have Some were coed Some people hired a tutor rather than go to school Newark academy became Delaware college It became the equivalent of a prep school it prepared students for those entrance exams You would have a simple display of letters in your household sometimes in a hornbook September 4 Advice from George Washington s Diary Don t spit into the fire especially if meat is roasting there Don t pick lice from your hair in front of others Puritans have a reputation for being killjoys but as their portraits reveal that s not necessarily the case Ornamental educationgirls schooling It was a mark of refinement for your daughters to be able to play music dance etc Some toys Ninepins is an early form of bowling homemade dolls military toys like nutcrackers most families had guns drums toy horses most people had horses Changes between 17th and 18th century Duty rather than fear Bending not breaking the willaround three years old kids would have to be broken to make sure they re not wilful or prideful Frailty not depravity lnnate innocence or sinfulness God s love or God s wrath Authoritative or authoritarian Learning outside of school the expectation was that you would learn a tremendous amount outside of school Apprenticeships for instance Even the most prestigious careers relied on apprenticeships For many people their lives revolved around farm work and therefore they learned a lot by working from an early age Both boys and girls were expected to contribute to the day to day work of the farm You would also learn at church Ministers were almost always the most educated person in town Other than that people would learn on their own or with friends by forming clubs Regional variations New England kids watched kids babies were seen as beastial because they crawl on all fours babies aren t named until they get a certain age They have the sense that their community isn t going to survive They came from England under persecution and they need to make sure that their children are going to survive and not slip Jeremiad refers to the idea that they won t make it if they let themselves slip This isn t to say that Puritan families are loveless and harsh Red and black Native Americans were less strict with their children so much so a number of those kidnapped by Native Americans didn t want to go back to their white families There are clearer rites of passage with the Native Americansthe vision quest for instance Menstrual cabins for women For enslaved children They faced disease even more so than others Family connections are harder to form and more easily broken as they often lived on different plantations and there was the threat of being sold What names reveal 90 of Massachusetts children were named after the Bible Some would even open a Bible and point to whatever word they sawone child was named Notwithstanding another Maybe A large portion were named after their parents If a child died very young they d likely name the next child after them Farther south in the Chesapeake only half of the children are named after the Bibles Others are named after English kings and lawyers It was tougher to survive there so naming your children after people who survived combat is significant There s also less of an emphasis on literacy Quakers named half of their children after the Bible but many are named after traits or attributes rather than people Patience Chastity etc In the Appalachian region there is the least emphasis on literacy and not many of the children are named after the Bible There is an oral tradition Far fewer people owned books there weren t many schools and those that did exist weren t open very long Children were less respectful to their teachersthey had a tradition of locking teachers out so they couldn t get in the room to teach
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