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Week 3 Notes

by: Kara Pemberton

Week 3 Notes ANTH 3541

Kara Pemberton
GPA 3.9
Anthropology of Eating
Dr. Julie Velásquez Runk

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About this Document

Third week of notes, from August 31st-September 4th, mainly discussing the different types of sugar and the microbiome.
Anthropology of Eating
Dr. Julie Velásquez Runk
Class Notes
25 ?




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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kara Pemberton on Sunday September 6, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ANTH 3541 at University of Georgia taught by Dr. Julie Velásquez Runk in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 49 views. For similar materials see Anthropology of Eating in anthropology, evolution, sphr at University of Georgia.

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Date Created: 09/06/15
Anthropology of Eating Week 3 9115 Chase the Rapper Sunday Candy 0 Prevalence of food particularly sweet food as allusion to sex New Nutrition Label 0 FDA will surveil the food companies to make sure the labels are accurate Film Report Guidelines posted on elc 0 First film report will be 2 pages combined report on movies Fresh and Farmland About citing 0 You must ALWAYS cite something an average person doesn t know 0 If you look it up it needs to be cited 0 Citing means both intext citations and the bibliography at the end 0 Failing to do so means you are breaking UGA honor code 0 Always use intext citations 0 Quote last name year of publication I With exact quote yearzpage number 0 At the end of the report you must have References Cited or Bibliography 0 Any format acceptable on elc in Assignment section is a PDF of the American Anthropological Association Style Guide Human Food Health and Evolution via Sugar High Fructose Corn Syrup and Diabetes 0 Discuss basic biology of sugar metabolism 0 How sugar metabolism relates to consumption of sugar and high fructose corn syrup 0 Explain roles of sugar high fructose corn syrup and diabetes 60 Minutes on Sugar 0 Idea of sugar as a toxin 0 Because of fructose 0 We ingest an excessive amount of sugar every day 0 Not all calories are equal 0 Sugars overload your liver 0 Sugary drinks are as bad as fatty cheeseburgers 0 Fat replaced with sugar 0 Sugar potentially related to cancer 0 Don t eat sugar or if you do keep it to a minimum 0 Sugar can be addictive similar to cocaine 0 Stimulates reward center in brain 0 Reward center in brain subsequently gets dulled more sugar is then needed to stimulate reward center Sugar 0 Sucrose beet and cane sugar 0 Sucrose is o 50 glucose a carbohydrate o 50 fructose a carbohydrate 0 Fructose is almost twice as sweet as glucose 0 Most common version of high fructose corn syrup is 45 glucose 55 fructose 0 Glucose is metabolized by every cell in the body 0 Fructose is metabolized primarily by the liver 0 We eat food and pancreas secretes insulin to control blood sugar from that food 0 When our cells are resistant to insulin the pancreas responds by producing more insulin but is overcome known as pancreatic exhaustion o In 1986 average person in US consumed 401bs of sugar per person per year 0 More than doubled now 0 Insulin resistance also known as metabolic syndrome gt o Obesity 0 Diabetes 0 Heart Disease 0 Cancer 0 Kids may need more sugar biologically High fructose corn syrup commercial 0 By Corn Refiners Association 0 Began airing in 2008 0 Now off the air and internet 0 Mainly because of our excess of corn 0 Study found greater weight gain from high fructose corn syrup compared to sugar 0 Hard to avoid eating because of how prevalent it is in our food Diabetes 0 Highest in the Southeast and East US 0 Diabetes increasing worldwide but US is in the lead 0 Biggest increase is Type 2 diabetes 0 Type 1 12 getting diabetes after a virus Today 9315 Discussed basic biology of sugar metabolism in body How that relates to insulin resistance High fructose corn syrup differs from sugar in its increased fructose content and liquid form Differences minimized by the HFCS High Fructose Corn Syrup industry How both sugar and HFCS relate to insulin resistance diabetes obesity heart disease and cancer Nutrition Microbial Ecology Microbial Ecology amp the Microbiome Discuss basics of microbial ecology and the microbiome Explore how it relates to food How to diversify microbiome NPR Talk 90 of human cells are the microbiome Overuse of antibiotics and use of Csections are killing microbiomes 0 Modern plagues caused by imbalances in microbes 0 Because of constant changing of the microbiome Maybe the cause of problems is not exclusive to fatty food problems Antibiotics in farm animals antibiotics in children 0 Same health problems same health goals Nature s Great Purpose No antibiotics in chickens raised by Perdue 0 Other companies had to follow suit to keep up 0 Partially because of antibiotic resistance threats from food 0 Antibiotic Resistance develops by killing sensitive germs and bacteria but not drug resistant germs that then spread 0 Use of probiotics instead of antibiotics o Yogurt Live cultures to help your digestion o Kumpucha o Keiffer 0 Putting probiotics in chocolate 0 Anything fermented American Gut Project 0 Group of ecologists and anthropologists collecting and studying the microbiomes in people s guts 0 For each human cell there are 10 microbe cells 0 More legitimacy to trust your gut or think with your gut than previously thought 0 In the West particularly the US we have a much less diverse microbiota gut ora 0 Babies from Csections don t get necessary microbiota 0 Some microbes we think of as pathogens are remarkably abundant in other nationalities o Antimicrobial substances are hard to avoid o Emulcifiers in food can lead to gut leakage or in ammation Why Eat Fermented Foods 0 Enzymes o Probiotics 0 Safety 0 Nutrients 0 Wild Fermentation book about AIDS patient who became just HIV positive after eating fermented foods What did scientists change in their lives given their microbiome research 0 Slower to take or give antibiotics 0 When going to the doctor and they want to give you antibiotics make sure they take a culture so you re prescribed the right antibiotics o Relaxing sanitary regimes o Eliminated or cut back on processed foods lack of fiber or concerns of additives 0 Less faith in probiotics than prebiotics food likely to encourage the growth of good bacteria 0 Other fermented foods like yogurt kimchi sauerkraut o Dirtying up their diet 0 Food variety


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