Exam 1 Notes
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kaitlyn Sumner on Sunday September 6, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Bio 210 at Ball State University taught by Donald Ruch in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 224 views. For similar materials see Introduction To Botany in Biology at Ball State University.
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Date Created: 09/06/15
BIO 210 Botany Lecture Notes Fall 2015 August 25 2015 INTRODUCTION LECTURE CH 1 I diversity and evolutionary relationships of organisms a Relies on molecular genetics ai DNA sequencing fingerprinting and protein sequencing Taxonomy naming organisms a Classification ai Humanmade aii No physical significance in nature aiii Ways to do this aiii1 Artificial based on aestheticphysical attributes aiii2 Natural categorized by topic b Carolus Linnaeus look at the website given on the PowerPoint bi Artificial system categorized organisms based on morphology bii Animalsorganisms NEVER CHANGED c Charles Darwin ci Evolution changed the way we looked at animals ci1 Relationships between the animals changed d Traditionalclassification di Robert Whittaker 1969 August 27th 2015 Introduction continued dii Why did the 5 kingdom approach become so popular so quickly dii1 Level of cellular organization dii1a Prokaryote or eukaryote dii1b Unicellular or multicellular dii1c Simple or complex tissue dii2 Mode of nutrition dii2a Autotroph or heterotroph dii2b Photoautotrophs or chemoautotrophs BIO 210 Botany Lecture Notes Fall 2015 dii2c Holotrophs ingestion 9 animals or osmiotrophs absorption 9 fungus dii2ci Types of osmiotroph dii2ci1 Decomposer dii2ci2 Parasites e Kingdom names ei Corn ei1 Pantae kingdom ei2 phyta phylum ei3 opsida class ei4 aes order ei5 aceae family ei6 No particular endings for genus and species eii Fungal kingdom eii1 Fungi kingdom eii2 mycota phylum eii3 mycetes class eii4 aes order eii5 aceae family I Eukaryotic Sex Life Cycles1 slide 73 a 3 types of sex life cycles ai Meiosis aii Syngamy fertilization aiii Combination of the two b Life cycle bi Diploid 2n bi1 meiosis gives rise to gametes 1 Make sure you understand the morphological structural differences of the organisms in the sex life cycle Just know what the organism looks like at each stage in the cycle BIO 210 Botany Lecture Notes Fall 2015 bi2 Immediately before or after fertilization bi3 the only 1n stage gametes fig 1217 p254 text bii Haploid n bii1 occurs in zygote bii2 Meiosis immediately follows syngamy bii3 DLsn t give rise to gametes biii Alternation of generations biii1 Combination of n and Zn life cycles biii2 2n and n plants biii3 meiosis and syngamy every other generation biv General Plant Life Cycle biv1 Sporophyte 2n life cycle biv1a Meiosporangia saklike structure where meiosis occurs biv2 Meiospores n life cycle biv2a Gametophyte biv2b Gametangia biv2bi Fertilization takes place then mitosis because they have to grow into a sporophyte N individuals 39V 39 game tapvhyt ll quot igamel fertilizinth zygote 2 sparap hwyten biv2bii biv2biii This is not the picture he used in lecture but it helped me to understand the process a bit better Please don t forget the names c Types of sexual reproduction ci gametes morphologically similar and flagellated ci1 Can t distinguish male from female BIO 210 Botany Lecture Notes Fall 2015 ci2 and gametes cii morphologically different and fageated cii1 Male smaller and female larger ciii morphologically different ciii1 Male small and fageated and female large and not fageated civ morphologically similar not fageated amoeboid movement civ1 amp gametes September 1 2015 continued from previous lecture d Major features continued di Glucans for energy storage di1 Brown line has 3 starches only difference di2 Glycoside linkages di2a Alpha 0L 1 4 linkage di2b Beta 3 1 3 linkage di3 Make sure to know the types of storage carbohydrates recommend making flashcards di4 Slide 116 CL and 3 linkage review dii Flagellum typical fageation pattern mentioned on table dii1 Eukaryotic flagellum dii1a 92 9 axoneme dii1b Whiplash extends beyond 92 dii1bi dii1bii Makes a quothookquot or quotwhipquot at the end dii1c Tinsel has quothairsquot or mistogomenes BIO 210 Botany Lecture Notes Fall 2015 dii1ci dii2 Lysine biosynthesis biochemical pathway dii2a NH2CH24HCNH2COOH lysine dii2ai Found in histones dii2aii DAP in plants dii2aiii AAAin animals
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