Week 1 Notes
Popular in Introductory Sociology
Popular in Sociology
This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Holly Vaughn on Sunday September 6, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to 101 at University of South Carolina taught by Thomas Christopher Robinson (P) in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 137 views. For similar materials see Introductory Sociology in Sociology at University of South Carolina.
Reviews for Week 1 Notes
Lectures notes?? Yes please! Looking forward to the next set!
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 09/06/15
Sociology 101 Robinson Notes August 30th September 5 What is social Science theory 0 This is about a social phenomenon 0 Concept does not tell us a lot Relations show us how to relate two concepts together so we can then test them Propositions allow us to go out and test theories The Role of Theory 0 Status Characteristics theorv certain statuses that we understand Some have more bene cial outcomes Ex Men are more privileged than women Study Woman get paid less than guys ln society it makes sense because of the status characteristics theory 0 Taking the personal trouble route will not allow us to see that the issue is in society It only allows us to see it at a small perspective such as in one work place No it is in all workplaces Replication another sociologist should be able to go and replicate the same ndings through your theory Consistent propositions drawn all must make sense Cannot draw contradictory theories Ex quotWomen get rewarded over men in certain situationsquot Parsimonious being simple gets you a theory the quickest The more complex the more dif cult Limitations on how it can be used Status Characteristic people who wear blue have higher IQ than those with red No you cannot do this because it does not have a meaning to a broader society Levels of Social Theory 0 2 main levels of social theory 0 Grand Theory problems tries to cover so many complex factors Hard to test meaningful information o 2 Middle Range We talk about most 0 Focuses on speci c phenomenon status characteristic theory etc Experiential Theory 0 Theory but hypothesis Williams says this 0 Hypothesis is not a theory because it is not a system Relation between Theory and Data 0 Testing a theory we move to deductive area WE then get data and make it into an idea 0 Does our data approve your theory Go inductive to theory 0 Does our data contradict Go back over the deductive arrow 0 Cycle not a circle Historical Background 0 Being a good sociologist means to have good back ground knowledge 0 Idea of Enlightment and Positivism brings about scienti c observations to explain society Positivism we can use science to create ideal utopian societies 0 What was going on outside of academics 16005 1700s 0 Industrial revolution 0 French revolution 0 Idea of democracy to replace aristocracy Classical Theorists Founding Fathers of Sociology as a unique discipline amp as a speci c way of research such as against psychology Ours is distinct and offers a different perspective 0 Marx o Durkheim o Weber Marx Political and Economic History 0 He was not a sociologist and did not consider himself that Political scientist Economic researcher Historical researcher Ideal of historic materialism 0 Material structure of society is what matters the most 0 Economic system explains all relationship and social structure of that society 0 Division of labor emerging capitalist system focus and that the capitalist would create a two class system see above 0 Very critical of capitalism but saw it as a tool for progress with technological progress such as railroads sanitary systems etc Might seem like a more generous spread of wealth but over time it will shift to a speci c group People controlling society would lead to monopolies Predicted that this tension would lead to a revolution Durkheim De ning the Discipline 0 French sociologist Created the sociology department on campuses in France Created rst sociologist journal Established it as a discipline 0 Society is a product of social facts 0 Abstractions Abstract idea shape them because they are external to the individual Coercive 0 Example in his book Economic reconstruction adheres to suicide rates Solidarity we do stuff because social facts tell us to do so Ex In France individuals grew up learning French It was because every one around them spoke French When kids were taught German they could not regulate daily life 0 Social integration different religions had different suicide rates in them Atheist had the most Catholics had the least 0 Social regulation society is strict they will be regulated by society Ex Democratic regulation created lower rates than slavery did Suffered a mental breakdown during two of his works Weber The complexity of society Addresses Marx Explained why Marx39s work had problems Marx39s quotghostquot Argued idea and material structures are important to understand society Rationalization Saw world was divided Western civilization was more advanced Africa was not advanced China was advanced many many years ago but is not now 0 Capitalism was important as well as ideas for Americas to advance above the rest of the world Also religion helped to advance them 0 Verstehen cannot look at one thing in one culture and assume it is the same in another culture 0 Value Free process of sociological work should be neutral Build it as an academic discipline 0 Ideal types analyze world by testing them against the models Bureaucracy system Modern Perspectives 19201930 there is a shift America is the dominate producer of new sociology Theory construction amp development 0 Functionalism 0 Con ict Theory lnteracial MarriageDating Reading Symboliclnteractionism Functionalist Perspective 0 Society ls complex based on components serving functions Interdependent Education and Healthcare Knowledge to perform procedures Equilibrium we like stability and predictability We do not overthrow the government because we like to know what is going on Selfregulatory Status Quo assumes linear progress assumes that progress will always go in the same direction Denies agency 0 Does not address dysfunctionalism Social structures that are dysfunctional Slavery was dysfunctional It should not have existed if we hold functionalism as being true Con ict Theory Bene cial forms of con ict Created a more equal society through Civil Rights Groups and movements 0 Limitations 0 Always going to have some type of social change 0 There39s always a group of elite people who are quotpulling the stringsquot Symbolic lnteractionism Ability to understand things is shown by our cultural representation 0 Ex engagement ring We know that a woman is engaged or married American culture 0 Someone else might not understand what it means from a different culture 0 Limitations 0 Engagement ring Value concept It is just a stone but the market system makes the diamond expensive as a structural factor aspect It has value because we see that as something valuable because society has made it that way Interracial Couples Rockquemore amp Henderson 2010 0 Reading for today ON Blackboard
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'