ARTH 1305-February 25th notes class
ARTH 1305-February 25th notes class ARTH 1305
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Grecia Sanchez on Sunday February 28, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ARTH 1305 at University of Texas at El Paso taught by Dr. Max Grossman in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 53 views. For similar materials see History of Art I in Art at University of Texas at El Paso.
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Date Created: 02/28/16
We are in the Late Classical of Ancient Greece, an era characterized for the shift of stylistic to naturalistic sculptures. It was the shift to war, sometimes tyrany and political inestability. Naturalistic, experimentation and individualism is emphasized in here. There is no longer the universal ideals pursued by Greeks, there is no universal truth of Beauty. Famous masters Praximeles Skopas Lysippos 1. Aphrodite of Knodos Praxiteles (one of the three great masters) built it Is a clear example of the individualism of this era (late classical) It was sculpture for a client who rejected it and then it was sold to the Pnitians. Peculiar because: a) First time a goddess is depicted nude, b) First time a nude goddess was at a public place, c) First time a goddess is seen as a mortal (we can now be gods because we do the same thing as them) Aphrodite is about to take a bath Hydria=water Basel S-curve= it is a typical feature in the work of Praxiteles, in Aphrodite statue, there is this S throughout her whole body, a contrapposto in form of an S throughout her body. 2. Hermes and Baby Dionisos Dionisos was the God of wine and party, he is seen as a baby here, without defense and playful, which was dangerous at the time to depict a god as an ordinary baby who plays and delights himself with the games and love of a father. Hermes was the messenger of the gods, he is in his way to deliver baby Dionisos; she stops for a moment to play with the baby giving him grapes and playing with him. It is a moment related to the ordinary event of a father playing with his baby. We now are invited to reach the gods again by just relating psychologically to them with this artwork 3. Stele of young hunter Statues which are found in Athens now The work of Skopas is known because of his psychological battles between characters of his works. It is not original Eyes in the original work used to be with dark shadows creating a deep view In here, we see a father, a hunter, a boy (perhaps the son of hunter) and a dog. All of the characters are mourning the hunter (who is a ghost in this artwork) Every character in the picture is sad, we see an intense feeling throughout the work of Skopas and the picture is inviting you to be part of the mourning. 4. Weary Heracles Work of Lysippos, famous for being eligible to make the portrait of Alexander the Great We see distortions in the muscles and entire body of Heracles (to make him look stronger), head is slightly smaller. This shows the experimentation of the artist. It is a statue who is depicting the moment in which Heracles finished his 12 laboratory and he is tired (ordinary feature of a mortal) and he is about to become a god, but before he sees the ground because he is exhausted of this labors and once again we can relate to a god because of the exhausted you feel once you finish something. Another feature of Lysippos' work is the disappearance of the frontal view of a statue. Heracles is holding an apple behind his back with his hidden hand, you have to walk around the statue to see this. 5. Battle of Issus Mossaic=consists of many little pieces of tesserae, tens of thousands sometimes. Tesserae is a durable and solid material, you can clean it easily and it is easier to handle. It is a painting depicting one of the many battles of Alex the Great, he is the only man without helmet (demonstrating the bravery he had). Alex's army is fighting the Invincibles (Persian army, the ones who are in gold in the painting) It is not original work It has varied features describing different emotions between individuals: Alex without a helmet and wearing Medusa in the middle of his shield (to intimidate his enemies with his look), Men on the ground where you see his face on the reflex of the shield (demonstrating fear to death on his face). 6. Theater Every city has its own theater, they are built on hills because of its architecture Every thing is calculated for the Echo It has purposes of entertainment, politics, religion. It was the place for speeches and civic meetings Orchestra = place of the performance Skene = stone wall where they had customs for the theatre, statues, or any major material used for the performances Cavea = cavity on the earth In he picture of the presentation is expanded, it expanded during the time of Hellenistic Tholos temple Doric order Circular (all temples called tholos means they are circular) Painted with primary colors 7. Corinthian Order Third order created in Classical era Became famous in Hellenistic era Acanthus leaves = leaves that appear in this order, famous plant used by Greeks in ceremonies (specially if they are religious) Major difference with the other orders is in the capitals (they have volutes, 12 in total) The cornice is more open, it has a continuous frieze with a convex base We now move forward to the Hellenistic Era (last one of the Greeks). Begins with the death of Alex the Great (323 BC). The empire divides in two, they have many princesses and many kingdoms that split themselves after the death of Alex, and because of this, they have multiple capitals. It is the deadline period of the Greeks (the dark age). Ionians cities are going to become the most powerful. We are going to see the culture of Greeks in different empires (Romans for example) 8. Temple of Apollo It has ionic order This temple shows experimentation from the artist, rules are not rigid anymore and artists are seeking for their special touch in each of their artworks (individualism) This temple was never finished, even after the 500 years in their construction. Dipteral plan = double peristyle around the temple (remember peristyle=colonnade) It has 10 columns wide, 65 ft high each Cella is open (has no roof) making it public (it was more of a courtyard) 2 underground tunnels where people could enter to the temple Stylobate (base of the temple) was about a dozen steps (gigantic) 9. Plan of Miletos It is not original 10. Hippodamian plan It is the geometric pattern to build the city (geometric no matter the unsymmetrical ground) Represents the triumph of order versus chaos Urban planning was in charge of the most intellectual individuals Agora = central marketplace where Greeks used to buy things, place for religious purposes, philosophers meetings, center of government because of the administration buildings that surrounded the agora. 11. Stoa of Artalos II Stoa = the surrounding colonnade of the agora, they provided shadow and they were always straight It is a replica made by US scholars who built it with the same materials it had At that time, Athens was the place where the education was of high quality (if you could afford it, you'd receive it at its best) and this stoa is a gift from a graduated student who was thanking for the education received at that building. On the columns below, it is emphasized the Doric order; and the columns above have Ionic order (this orders are on the exterior) On the columns below, each one are half fluted and half simple, because if you have all he column fluted, people at the agora were walking by and they could damage the flutes. This experimentation was made in function for the column's design to last
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