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Class 11 and 12 Notes Russ 280

by: Madeline Lacman

Class 11 and 12 Notes Russ 280 Russ 280

Marketplace > University of South Carolina > Russian > Russ 280 > Class 11 and 12 Notes Russ 280
Madeline Lacman

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About this Document

These notes cover romanticism and music in Russia
Intro to Russian Civilization
Prof. Kalb
Class Notes
Pushkin, russian, russian 280, russian lit, russ 280, Music, russian music, Romanticism
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Madeline Lacman on Sunday February 28, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Russ 280 at University of South Carolina taught by Prof. Kalb in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 80 views. For similar materials see Intro to Russian Civilization in Russian at University of South Carolina.


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Date Created: 02/28/16
Russ 280 Class 11 Pushkin Again!  Born 1799 into old noble family, could trace ancestry back 600 years  Mother- granddaughter of an Abyssinian prince who was a favorite of Peter the Great (south African heritage)  At age 12 he began schooling at the new academy that Tsar Alexander I had set up: the Tsarskoe Tselo Lyceum  There met good friends, established connections with great literary figures of his age – they would form the new school of Romanticism in Russia Rebel, Exile, Husband  Upon graduation friendly with liberal aristocrats who want changes in the way Russia’s tsars rule  Becomes known as a political hothead: exiled to the southern reaches of the empire (contemporary Moldova)  Thus misses Decembrist Rebellion of 1825: many of his friends exiled to Siberia or killed  1826 petitions the czar to be permitted back to the capital  Nicholas agrees but says he will be the new censor for Pushkin’s work  1831 marries Natalya Goncharova Eugene Onegin: a novel in verse 1825-1832  Innovative rhyme scheme o The Onegin stanza  Man character, Eugene Onegin, a bored St. Petersburg dandy  Becomes model of Russian Romantic hero, also of “superfluous man”  Spurns love of Tatyana, kills her sister’s fiancé, Lensky, in duel, then falls in love, unsuccessfully, with Tatyana, now married “The Queen of Spades” (written 1833, published in 1834)  Herman the German does not gamble (stereotypes!)  Hears of Tomsky’s grandmother’s history with winning cars  Woos her ward Liza, frightens Countess to death  She gets her revenge by ruining him, he goes mad  Pushkin claimed that all over St. Petersburg, rich young men were gambling three, seven, ace  Interpretations o Ghost story o Occult tendencies o Social commentary o Oedipal underpinnings Mikhail Lermontov, 1814-1841  As teenager recited Pushkin’s poetry  Poem after Pushkin’s death led to his own exile  Sent twice to Caucasus for active military service  Wealthy grandmother pulls strings and he’s allowed to go back to St. Petersburg  In several duels; last one killed him at age 27  Prose and poems  Very self-centered  Melancholy  Intent on freedom  A Hero of Our Time o Written 1837-1840 o Made up of 5 stories, with central character Pechorin o Variety of stories: travel accounts, romantic adventures, society tales o Pechorin as self-portrait of Lermontov himself: anti-social, individualistic, contemptuous of social mores, self-absorbed o Pechorin is often seen as the heir to Pushkin’s Evgenii Onegin, the superfluous man o Set down in Caucasus with bandits, adventurers, beautiful women, and treacherous comrades o One of great Romantic heroes of modern literature  “Taman”: one chapter of A Hero of Our Time Romanticism in Russia  Reaches its height in Russia in 1820s with appearance of Byron and Byronism  Byron a British writer associated with swashbuckling brigands performing heroic feats  The Byronic hero: a defiant, melancholy young man, brooding on some mysterious, unforgivable sin in his past; against society  Seen as the quintessential Romantic  Like European Romanticism, Russians focus on escapism and rebellion, social protest and individual isolation, exotic milieus and noble savages, death, sadness, murder  At the same time, specifically Russian: adapted to Russian milieu  Rechorin and Onegin seen as experiencing a uniquely Russian sort of boredom, that of the superfluous man Russ 280 Class 12  Birch tree is the nature equivalent of Pushkin Russian Nationalism in Music  1830-1900  Before 1830s o Mostly oral traditions o Folk music o Church music o No composed art or court music  Not by Russian composers  Courts heard imported music – Italian and French opera  Mikhail Glinka (1804-1857) o Nobleman o Trained in Italy and Germany o Russian language opera o 1836: Life for the Tsar (historical)  Folk song  Folk instruments (balalaika) o 1843: Ruslan und Ludmilla (fairy tale)  Unusual harmonies, rhythms, meter to represent the mystical (Chernamor)  Mighty Five (Moguchaya Kuchka) 1850s-70s o Balakirev o Cui o Mussorgsky o Borodin o Rimsky-Korsakov o Onstage: Russian History  Mussorgysky, Boris Godunov (1874)  Slava= Glory to the Tsar  Borodin, Prince Igor (1869-1887) o Onstage: Russian Fairy Tales  Rimsky-Korsakov, Snow Maiden (1880)  Rimsky-Korsakov, The Golden Cockerel (1907)  Rimsky-Korsakov, Sadko (1896)  Instrumental Music: start a uniquely Russian style of music o Balakirev  Overture on 3 Russian Themes (1859)  Folk Songs turned into symphony  Rus (1860)  Tamar (1876) o Mussorgsky  Night on Bald Mountain (1867)  Pictures at an Exhibition (1874 pno; 1922 orch. Ravel) o Rimsky-Korsakov  Russian Easter Overture (1887)  Caprice Espanole (1887)  Sheherezade (1888)  No formal training o All had jobs; wrote music in their spare time o All gathered at Balakirev’s apartments o Studies Western music (Beethoven, Schubert, Liszt, Wagner) o Russian Musical Society o To perform and play their music o 1870s Balakirev has a breakdown; Mussorgsky, too (1874)  Mighty 5 dissolves Aton Rubenstein  1829-1894  Russian pianist – German descent  Resists the Mighty 5  Folk traditions were ‘uncivilized’ and ‘uncultured’  1862: Establishes St. Petersburg Conservatory (Tsarina helps)  Train Russian composers  Western compositional forms, styles  Among first graduates – Chaikovsky  1866: Establishes Moscow COnsevatory  Chaikovsky teaches Peter I. Chaikovsky  1840-1893  Studies Law – starts career in civil service o Stops and pursues music  Studies at new St. Petersburg Conservatory  1866: teaches at new Moscow Conservatory  Internationalist works o Symphonic poems  Romeo & Juliet (1869)  Manfred (1885)  Hamlet (1888) o Symphonies  Symphony Nol. (1866)  Symphony No. 2 (1873)- “The Little Russian”  Symphony No. 3 (1875)  Symphony No. 4 (1878)- folk tune 4 mvt  Symphony No. 5 (1888)  Symphony No 6 (1893)- Pathetique  Nationalism – Opera o 1878 – Eugene Onegin  Story by Pushkin; contemporary Russian society  Personal tragedy for Chaikovsky  Marries former student Antonia Milyukova  Has breakdown  Flees to Europe  Divorce/scandal o 1890 – Queen of Spades  Story by Pushkin  Nationalism – Ballet o Swan Lake (1876) o Sleeping Beauty (1888) o The Nutcracker (1897)  1878 – Mystery Patron o 14 years of support and money o Contact through letters only  1891 – Patron stops abruptly o Depression o Doesn’t compose  1893 – Symphony No. 6 “Pathetique” o Mysterious circumstances?  Natalia (Nadezhda) von Meck=secret patron  Russian Nationalism continues o Stravinksy  The Firebird (1910)  Petrushka (1911)  The Rite of Spring (1913)


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