2nd week of notes
2nd week of notes History 110
Popular in Western Civilization to 1500
Popular in History
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Hanna Markezich on Sunday September 6, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to History 110 at Northern Illinois University taught by Fernandez in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 28 views. For similar materials see Western Civilization to 1500 in History at Northern Illinois University.
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Date Created: 09/06/15
Rise of the State in Egypt and the Old Kingdom Territorial states series of settlements results of different possessions city taking over other city states series of villages from a state Nile River gives live and irrigation to the land less than 6 but extremely fertile land The Valley was fertile Two Regions in ancient Egyptian times the Valley and Delta Delta had more of a Mediterranean influence social and religious differences Lower Egypt Delta Upper Egypt Valley Dynas es Pepi Old Middle and New kingdoms Dates not important at the moment Pepi l s mortuary complex is located in Saqqara Egypt Pepi l was in controlled of both the temple and kingdom Osiris God of the Underworld He was killed by his brother Orion Nut Sky Goddess mother of Osiris and Orion Horus son of Osiris These deities are brought together to help resurrect the deceased king and lift him to the heavens Pepi was considered to be very powerful like a god Whereas the people were different than the king Part of the reason they offered their services and goods to the temple Neolithic and Predynastic Period 3200 BCE growing economic productivity domestication of the goat 5900 BCE introduction to agriculture wheat and barley 4400 BCE sedentary lifestyle village organization no cities labor specialization and social stratification rise of political hierarchy Naqada Culture September 2 2015 The Middle Kingdom in Egypt c 20001600 BCE cultural interests between the Delta and Valley political unification development of state ideology 6th dynasty king believed he controlled the nature Example Nile River to help the crops This was a way to organize water management states 0 canals protect agriculture settle disputes Rise of the State in Egypt and the Old Kingdom Neferti water management was crucial for the rise of states economic resources administration ideology center of redistribution throughout Egypt management and record keeping Hierarchy Horus and Ra festivals sed festivals king of the universe 0 kings engage in more architecture besides pyramids o pyramids were an Early and Old trend his prophecy refers to an event that happened through the 4th dynasty new ruler is from the Middle Kingdom 1st Intermediate ruler division of the kingdom primary article unite Egypt restore order and restore life in Egypt Anarchy vs authority foreigners vs Egypt social upheat vs respect for social hierarchies this all equals to chaos vs order Cosmic social and personal Neferti s prophecy bring new life 0000 0 Division of Kingdom 21502050 BCE Herakleopolis and Thebes External Causes invasions Internal Causes administrators become too powerful for the state depleted of resources Crisis political fragmentation end of monumentality thriving provincial life Neferti s prophecy 0 view of the state people funeral services granted to nonroyal people They are given their own ceremonial life Nubia hired as missionaries gt much force to protect territories nationalities depicted by skin color state and rulers have an agenda for crisis unification Middle Kingdom 20551650 BCE construction programs 0 examples pyramid town of Kahan Rise of the State in Egypt and the Old Kingdom create social order built cities hierarchy among the city povertyservants lived the furthest away from the king equal gt point of view of the state 0 workers vs administration reorganizing society Utopia gt this order did work for a few centuries
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