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Unit 1- Measurement Issues - Criminal Justice 204

by: Kelcie Jolliffe

Unit 1- Measurement Issues - Criminal Justice 204 CRM J 201

Marketplace > Washington State University > Criminal Justice > CRM J 201 > Unit 1 Measurement Issues Criminal Justice 204
Kelcie Jolliffe
GPA 3.66
Into to Criminological Theory
Dr. Neuilly

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Hi everyone! I took notes on the Unit 1 Measurement Issues for Criminal Justice 204! If you need some extra notes or clarification they are for you! Also I would love some feedback, thank you!
Into to Criminological Theory
Dr. Neuilly
Class Notes
25 ?




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kelcie Jolliffe on Sunday September 6, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to CRM J 201 at Washington State University taught by Dr. Neuilly in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 18 views. For similar materials see Into to Criminological Theory in Criminal Justice at Washington State University.


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Date Created: 09/06/15
Criminal Justice 201 Introduction Into Criminological Theory Measurement Issues Crime is de ned socially as a problem How do we de ne it How do we measure it How and why is it a problem To measure crime we use three ways to measure the general public 1 We ask people if they39ve committed a crime 2 We ask if they have they been a victim of a crime before 3 We ask how does society deal with crime Of cial statistics Uniform Crime Reports also known as UCR UCR is the main source of crime data collected by the FBI since the 193039s data is several bits of info Directy from local police agencies WSU amp Puman poice gathers data as well Most agencies don39t gather data just because they do so in order to have an incentive to receive grants 94 of the population 0 covered from these agencies and reports These statistics are known communicated as either quotCrime Ratesquot or quotSummary Statisticsquot Crime rates are the actual numbers reported with a speci c unit of the population To calculate crime rates you take the total number of crime and divide it by the total number of population then multiply it 100000 Summary Statistics are only a certain number of speci c crimes not each speci c characteristic Part I amp Part II Offenses Part I is an index crime Mala n Se Part II less serious crimes based off the amount of arrests Crime is a rare occurrence we may hear about it 247 but it does not happen as often as we think Risks of crime varies throughout your life Population at risk can vary widely FBI gives de nitions for each crime however these de nitions are not quotlegalquot de nitions which means the wrong de nition can be applied to the wrong crime Difference between a crime being reported and a crime being quotclearedquot being cleared usually means an arrest but it can also be cleared by Exceptional Means In the 196039s the clearance rate was 90 that rate has gone down substantially The majority of crimes that happen happen between people who know each other so it makes it easier for detectives to nd the links between the assailant and the victim Eyewitness testimonies are the most unreliable even though we rely on them the most Problems With UCR data It is only police reported so we are missing a large gap of those crimes unreported More serious crimes get more reported while the less serious crimes are hardly reported UCR are only the crimes on a state level not on the federal level The data can be falsi ed for political reasons Some crimes police know of are not reported due to the FBI Hierarchy Rule Hierarchy Rule Police are required to only report the crimes of highest offense committed in a multiplesingle incident to the FBI and to ignore the others A multiplesingle incident means that if multiple crimes are committed at once the UCR will only count the most serious one Usually several crimes are committed at once due to human nature Civilians shot by police are not counted towards homicide Falsi ed data reports will usually be updated amp taken out of the reports Honestly depends on the speci c agencies and how they run National IncidentBased Reporting Svstem also known as NIBRS Began in 1982 Collect more speci c crime data gives information on each and every incident NIBRS gives information on 46 quotGroup Aquot offenses and 11 quotGroup Bquot offenses No Hierarchy Rule with NIBRS The NIBRS gives more detailed information on each crime How did it happen What weapon was used When and where did it take place The entire country does not use this system small rural areas like to work with this system best Bigger agencies do not since they have their ways already set in stone with much larger programs and systems The state of Idaho is 100 NIBRS compliant the state of Washington is 45 NIBRS compliant NIBRS only covers 29 nationwide of the population NonCriminal lustice Data Injury and Mortality Statistics from Centers of Disease Control CDC National Electronic Injury Surveillance System amp All Injury Program NEISS AIP Non fatal injuries and rates National Violent Death Reporting System Homicide Suicide Accidents All different types of information Less discrepancy from CDC that police reports Victimization data Conducted by Bureau ofjustice Statistics from a sample of households Primary advantage it sheds light on unreported crime the dark crimes Random households are chosen and random members are chosen within the family 12 and older to complete the surveys Pro On an average 40000 households are chosen so 80000 individuals are selected and surveyed Each panel lasts 3 years there are 7 interviews every six months First interview is in person and the rest are over the phone with the assistants of a computer program Allows us to gather more information on unreported crimes and better reporting on more serious crimes blems With Victimization Data No information on quotVictimlessquot crimes or murder crimes since people who are murders cannot answer surveys No information on crimes against commercial enterprises prostitutes or drugs Can be over or under reported due to human error memory lapses or dishonesty Not surveyed homeless teenagers prisoners they are considered more quotatriskquot than others but since they do not have a quothomequot they do not get surveyed SelfReported Data Pro We ask people about crimes that are not very serious drug use traf c violations ect National Survey Drug Use amp Health also known as NSDUH Began 197 Conducted by US Department of Health amp Huma Services Substances Abuses amp Mental Health Services Administration Monitoring The Future also known as MTF Each year 50000 8th 10th and 12th graders are asked about their drug use and their delinquency and Cons With SelfReported Data Pros We nd the amount of people who actually do drugs and commit other small crimes without it being reported We are able to research the link between impulsiveness and criminal behavior Cons Cannot gather solid amounts of information Cannot measure serious crimes this way Often have dishonest responses


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