Developmental Disorders Psy 247
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by KatieAlbritton on Sunday September 6, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Psy 247 at University of North Carolina - Wilmington taught by Dr. Clemens in Fall 2013. Since its upload, it has received 34 views. For similar materials see Abnormal Psychology in Psychlogy at University of North Carolina - Wilmington.
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Date Created: 09/06/15
Developmental Disorders Katie Albritton Study Soup Children can have any mental disorder aside from agespecific ones Problems with Diagnosis Parental denial Children have language issues Difficulties labeling emotions Age appropriate behaviors Childhood Specific Disorders Enuresis Bedwetting beyond the age a child would be expected to know how to control their bladder Can usually control by age six Brain maturation Solutions Does not work Tricyclic Antidepressant Dries up the bladder Encourage a limit on the amount of liquid they drink before bed Only 30 effective Does work Bell and pad OH Mower Pad under child responds with bell sound at moisture Classical conditioning Encopresis Failure to control bowels beyond age of control Usually caused either by constipation or a power struggle with their parents Rare Sleepwalking and Night Terrors Usually not in adults Sleepwalking Adults paralyzed during sleep Some children are not effectively paralyzed in sleep Don39t wake them up Put them in bed make sure safety measures are taken More common in males Night Terrors Not awake Screaming inconsolable Don39t wake them up sit with them until it stops More common in males Separation Anxiety Disorders during childhood Fear of something bad happening to parent when separated Diagnosis around age six starting school Initial protest response then they settle down Normal Initial protest that is inconsolable Not normal Treat with anxiety hierarchy and relaxation training ADHD Impulsive overactive behavior that interferes with ability to accomplish tasks Two types Hyperactiveimpulsive Inattentive Usually diagnosed around age five or six In school Hyperactiveimpulsive Controlling impulse Psychomotor acceleration Inattentive Not causing behavioral disturbances Quietly failing in the back of the room Treatment methods Medications Behavior therapy Family therapy Medication controversy Pills don39t do everything Need medicine with contingency management prize charts ADHD meds can stop or slow growth Oppositional Defiant Disorder and Conduct Disorder Oppositional De ant Disorder Recurrent pattern of negativistic defiant disobedient and hostile behavior toward authority figures that persists for at least six months ages 810 Conduct Disorder Persistent repetitive violation of rules with disregard for rights of others Teens Childhood depression and bipolar disorder Causal factors Biological and learning factors Medication pus psychotherapy Bipolar disorder Extreme mood swings and aggressive irritable behavior Increasingly diagnosed in children and adolescents Pervasive Developmental disorders Severely disabling conditions that are among the most difficult to understand and treat Autism Spectrum Disorder Asperger39s Syndrome Tic Disorder Tics usually motor Usually caused by stress Most resolve themselves Autism Spectrum Disorder Wide range of problematic behaviors Social deficit Absence of speech Selfstimulation Impaired intellectual ability Preoccupation With maintaining sameness Behavior analysis Positive reinforcement Encourage language learning Temple Grandin Wearable device that reduces anxiety on autistic children Exerts a gentle pressure on them Comforting Cause Precise cause unknown Fundamental disturbance of central nervous system likely involved Asperger39s Less severe form of Autism Need for sameness odd social interaction No longer in the DSM
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