Soc 205 Week 3 Notes
Soc 205 Week 3 Notes Soc 205 002
Popular in Crime, Public Policy, and the Criminal Justice System
Popular in Sociology
Kaylee Renner MD
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Angelina Notetaker on Sunday September 6, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Soc 205 002 at University of New Mexico taught by Maria B. Velez in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 41 views. For similar materials see Crime, Public Policy, and the Criminal Justice System in Sociology at University of New Mexico.
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Date Created: 09/06/15
Soc 205 Week 3 Notes Continuation from week 2 notes NCVS 0 Reasons for not reporting 0 Private Matter 0 Incomplete Offense 0 Property Recovered 0 Police Ineffectiveness O No Evidence Limitations of NCVS 0 Survey problems 0 Will people really be candid 0 Under or over reporting people might exaggerate of forget their actions 0 Institutionalized youth are under represented 0 Only captures offenses involving victims 0 Drug and Alcohol and WhiteCollar offenses are excluded 0 Murder Excluded 0 InterviewRespondent Disconnect 0 Missing cases a problem 0 Excludes homeless persons and many other highrate victims 0 Juvenile victimizations is underreported 0 And no data on less than 12 years of age Summary 0 Provide profile of incidents both reported and not reported to police 0 Provides contextual information on crimes 0 Inherent problems 0 Does not cover all crimes 0 Unverifiable O Dependent on question wording and technical elements Start of week 3 notes Quantitative Data Sources Cont 0 Selfreport Data 0 People mostly youth are asked to discuss their illegal activities 0 Often youth are selected from schools 0 When asked many people are very opened to talking about their illegal activities then most would suspect 0 Strengths 0 People reveal information anonymously 0 Indicate that crime much more prevalent than official statistics 0 Can get information about other factors such as income social ties etc 0 Weaknesses 0 Will people really be candid about their activities 0 People might exaggerate or forget their actions 0 Missing cases a problem 0 Institutionalized youth are under represented O Often do not include serious delinquency Note You really cannot ask children about serious crime because of their parents and other factors but you can ask about rape drinking and lower crime issues Types of Research 39 Quantitative Research Aims to find statistical patterns or trends in a population based on a sample 39 Qualitative Research Aims to find indepth understanding of a social issue Focuses on nuances of behavior or experiences Major Sources of Qualitative Data 0 Observation 0 Participant Observation 0 Researchers try to see what is going on in the world but still try to be a researcher Book to read Gang Leader for a day 39 Strengths 0 Researchers get an inside point of view on their topic they are working on 0 Researchers are not tied down by questions 0 Get to see the real world I Weaknesses 0 Researcher could lose their research ideas and become too involved in the field 0 Researcher can only work in one Environment cannot trade off 0 Could also take too much time 0 Interviews 0 Life histories when a researchers try to learn more about a person from their past 0 Semistructured interviews 39 Strengths 0 Accurate Screening 0 Keeps both the interviewer and interviewee on focus 0 Capture verbal and nonverbal questions 0 Capture emotions and behaviors I Weaknesses 0 Cost can be a major weakness for interviews 0 Limit sample size 0 Quality of data by interviewer Example of Alice Goffman s on the Run Fugitive Life in an American City 2014 I Goffman spends 6 years living in one neighborhood in Philadelphia 0 Very poor neighborhood 0 African American 0 High rate of incarceration and overpolicing era of mass incarceration 0 Uses both observation participant observation and semistructured interviews 0 Details the consequences of presumed criminality by police 0 One key finding I Perpetual dipping and dodging in their attempts to sidestep even the most incidental contact with the police I What she calls the art of the run I This neighborhood used to not call the police because they did not trust them now they often don t call to avoid them Ethical Concerns 0 Much controversy over her study 0 The hospital story people getting arrested at the hospital I Some don t believe it I Not held up to fact checking 0 An 11yearold getting arrested simply for riding in a stolen car I Some don t believe it I Not held up to fact checking O Committing a felony I Drove around with an armed man looking for somebody to kill constituted conspiracy to commit murder under Pennsylvania law What does this mean for the book 0 Her university found the claims had not merit I Some have asked whether it is her fault or sociology s 0 Specifically Ethnography A Brief History of Criminology 0 Two Schools of Criminology 0 Classical School of Criminology I Beccaria and utilitarianism 0 Crime is a result of rational calculation that weighs the cost pain and benefit pleasure of committing the act I The Basic Idea Behind Classical Criminology 0 In every society people have free will to choose criminal or lawful solutions to meet their needs or settle their problems 0 Criminal solutions may be more attractive than lawful ones because they usually require less work for a greater payoff 0 A person s choice of criminal solutions may be controlled by his or her fear of punishment 0 The more severe certain and swift the punishment the better able it is to control criminal behavior 0 Examples Deterrence research routine activities rational choice 0 Positive School of Criminology I Two Main Elements of Positivist School I Positivists see human behavior as a function of internal or external forces that are often beyond individual control 0 Early positivists were in uenced by the scientific method 0 Example Biological and Psychological explanations Sociological perspective I View of Criminal Behavior 0 Individuals are basically driven to criminal acts by complex forces over which they have little control I As a 19th century positivists said Criminals go criminal as the insane go mad because they cannot help it Empey p 157 I According to NCVS data approximately what percentage of crime is not reported to the police describe two major reasons victims give for not reporting an incident End of Week 3 notes 0 Week 4 Notes will hopefully be upload by next Friday or Saturday at the latest Thank you for using Studysoup and have a great weekend
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