Second Week Notes
Second Week Notes ARTH 3353
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verified elite notetaker
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ivonne Ruiz on Sunday September 6, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ARTH 3353 at University of Texas at El Paso taught by Anne Perry in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 43 views. For similar materials see Pre-Columb Art & Arch in Art History at University of Texas at El Paso.
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Date Created: 09/06/15
Monday 83115 Notes Raimondi Stela New Temple Second deity of the site Fanged hybrid with mythical features It is a standing figure with splayed taloned feet Features snake tails and hair wide open eyes hallucinogens claws as hands Arms are to the side holding two vertical staffs The staffs have faces snakes swirls and vegetation Predominantly agricultural fertility associations Anatropic Design can still be understood whether its turned to 90 degrees or even upside down When it s upright It has a downturned fanged mouth Headdress with snakes to the sides When it s upside down Headdress looks like animal faces Karwa Staff God Seems to have been figures as a wife sister or daughter of the main cult center Karwa textiles illustrate many female figures It is a close comparison to other Chavin figures It has fangs talons animalshuman like features The supernaturals are always explicitly feminine Eyes substituting for breasts Opened fanged mouths for vaginas Carrying vegetal staffs Paracas Spanned the end of the Early intermediate horizon and the beginning of the early intermediate 600175 BC Based in the south coast These people were very wise because they knew the sand had great preservative properties The challenge was to farm They however used the sand to preserve the dead Paracas Mummy Bundle s Extravagant way for them to honor the dead and create offerings to the spirit world These mummy bundles had cat whiskers septum jewelry They would be buried with shells textiles gold all of this used as offerings Sometimes they would even have human hair wigs put on The bodies were put into baskets in fetal position and then wrapped up in all different types of textiles cloths and fabrics The more elaborate the people were wrapped up the more important they were considered to be Mantle Elite Mantle Worn as a cloak by the males Highranking males wore turbans mantles were used as a type of short and tunics Block Color Style and Linear Style The bend position loose hair beard and possible mushroom in the hand are characteristics of Shamans Block is very abstract with mythical creatures While linear has contouring and the details are woven in Broad line style Similar to linear style except the lines are thicker Paracas Textile themes Contain a lot of standing anthropomorphic figures head huntingtrophy heads Tumi s sacrificial knives used for decapitation Trophy Heads Mummified heads Hole punched in the forehead to put a piece of cloth through it so that the quotwarriorsquot could carry it around as their trophy The mouths of the heads are bound together Head Hunting These warriors went out with their spears arrows and killed people to get their trophy headsquot All based around religion Wednesday 922015 Notes Trophy Heads They were considered treasured artifacts This wasn t considered a sport but rather as something extremely serious as an offering to the gods These warriors went out armed for heads and were thought of as spiritual or were offered as sacrifices to the gods Reason for trophy hunting is that they thought their ancestors controlled the crops weather etc in general their entire livelihood so they made these types of offerings All considered reciprocity they take care of their ancestors and their ancestors will take care of them Back Bent Figures Sacrificial human decapitation They would carry tumi blades and use those to cut off the heads Shaman s would do the rituals However the drawings of the back bent figures change over time they gain more detail Friday 9415 Notes Nazca Ceramics and Geoglyphs Ceramics They were the size of canteloupes Were made out of clay To be created they would be put on a fruit to create the base and then they added clay delinquently to create the walls Some ceramics have 3 dimensional design and paramental platform The Nazca also participated in the act of trophy head hunting Around 100 trophy heads have been found and the majority of the heads were male It was considered an ongoing competition between rival valleys and other tribes StepFret Bottles These bottles have different meanings Imagery Is the taking of heads as trophies Sacrifices appear to be birdmen wearing elaborate bird wings Bird Sacrificer squot In the textbook it is described as a Battle Scenequot but in reality it isn t a battle because these warriors went trophy hunting but their opponents were ambushed and weren t prepared to fight A battle requires it to be of equal caliber fight on both ends Male Effigy with Trophy Heads They wore exquisite attire Wore a quotCordquot for a hat Trophy heads were associated with farming fertility agriculture which is why they were used as offerings for agriculture Textiles The pampas cat was extremely celebrated so many of their textiles had people with pampas catlike characteristics They became greatly used in their art Major motif Anthropomorphic mythical beings with whiskers kitty ears stripes were widely used
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