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Date Created: 07/30/13
ANTHROPOLOGY THE DOCTRINE OF MAN I ORIGIN OF MAN AND THE UNIVERSE A Various Views as to the Origin of Man 1 Fiat creation Creation out of no existing materials Heb 113 2 Naturalistic atheistic evolution Everything can be accounted for by natural processes 3 Theistic evolution God involved in the idea of creation but only at the start 4 Progressive creation accepted by some neo evangeicas God involved at the beginning and then He stops in along the way In the meantime He lets things happen naturally Bernard Ramm 5 Recent Eden theory Adam and Eve were an island of creation within a sea of evolution B Evidence of Revelation for Fiat Creation 1 The Bible is the only source of revelation for no one else but God was there 2 Story of creation is presented as historical fact not as true myth At least 17 times in Genesis 1 God is said to be the Creator Ex 20911 Ps 8 104 Matt 1946 Heb 113 3 New Testament evidence for creation out of nothing a CP Hebrews 113 b John 13 absolute beginning of all created things c Colossians 11617 a creation held together by God39s power C The Interpretation of Genesis 1 and 2 1 The Gap view or the reconstitution theory Anthropology 2 a Exponents Scofield Bible institutes b Explanation 1 V1 topic sentence that talks about a perfect world the original creation 2 Between V1 and V2 there is an indefinite period of time within this gap we place the geological age 3 During this period Satan fell this is why the earth was without form and void 4 After a length of time God begins to reform the earth to make it inhabitable c Defense 1 It fits with Jeremiah 42326 and Isaiah 4518 2 Accounts for fall of Satan 3 Accounts for geological ages d Objections 1 quotEarth becamequot in King James Version is quotearth wasquot in Hebrew language 2 Words quotwastequot and quotvoidquot do not necessarily imply a state that results from a judgment They mean unformed and uninhabited 3 Genesis 131 There was nothing evil at that point Therefore Satan could not have fallen yet 2 Re creation theory a Exponents MF Unger Wayne Young Moffet Goodspeed b Explanation Anthropology 3 1 Gen 112 Not talking about the original creation out of nothing but is a later refashioning of a judgment filled earth in order to prepare the earth for man 2 Gen 1 Deals with God39s creative activity as it concerns man 3 Man is a comparative late comer in God39s creative program c Defense 1 If Gen 11 is the original creation then Gen 12 has to be the original refashioning or a result of a judgment implying a gap 2 You cannot place a gap between v1 and 2 according to the Hebrew text 3 Therefore v1 is not the original creation but a later fashioning 4 The Hebrew word quotto createquot quotBarahquot is always used of Divine activity It means to shape or to form or to fashion Gen 127 5 In the Hebrew quotBershithquot means quotin the beginningquot This could be a dependent clause or a construct If a dependent clause it means quotin the beginningquot If a construct it means quotwhen God began to createquot d Objections 1 To translate this as a construct is not in keeping with oldest tradition and neither the form of the verb nor the context demand this to be a construct 2 If this is a construct then the doctrine of original creation is not taught in Gen 11 Therefore the central passage on creation in the Bible does not speak of fiat creation Anthropology 4 3 quotHeaven and earthquot V1 is speaking of the entire universe 4 Hebrew word for quotcreatequot does not have to mean create out of nothing However it is the only Hebrew word possible to teach fiat creation 3 The original creation view a Exponents Ryrie Barbieri b Explanation 1 V1 is a broad comprehensive statement of the fact of creation A topic statement of creation 2 V2 describes the earth as it came from God at the point which it was created Was without form and shapeless and uninhabited and it remains this way for a period of time until V3 3 V3 the first recorded step in the process of fashioning c Defense 1 Maintains the unity of Gen 11amp2 2 It best fits with the grammar of the Hebrew text 3 Best interprets Hebrew word quotBarahquot 4 Allows for long periods of times if you have to have them D The Interpretation of quotdaysquot of Gen 1 and 2 1 Various interpretations a Literal 24 hour days b DayAge theory c quotDaysquot is a literary device This is found in Hebrew poetry Anthropology 5 d A Babylonian myth e The 6 days are not days of creation but days of revelation Bernard Ramm 2 Literal 24hour day view a A word should be taken literally unless the text indicates otherwise b Hebrew word for day is quotyomquot It is used 1480 times in the OT in various ways Therefore you cannot prove conclusively the meaning of quotyomquot It must be determined by context c Most Hebrew lexicons don39t allow quotyomquot to be translated as a long period of time it is usually a 24hour day d Whenever quotyomquot is associated with a definite numeral a literal 24hour day is meant e God commands and it is done immediately f The 6 days are all referred to as quotthe evening and the morningquot which is the common way in the Pentateuch of referring to a 24 hourday g Arguments from later Scriptures about the creation supports 24 hour days Exodus 20 h This view cannot give the evolutionist enough time for his view E The Problems of Evolution 1 Definition of evolution a change development or process A complete theory which included the idea of origins The process of change as a result of natural process 2 Data from evolution a Mutations and natural selections Anthropology 6 1 Explanation a mutation is a sudden variation which causes the offspring to be quite different from his parents then natural selection comes along and sometimes maintains this mutation Thus you get a new form 2 Criticisms of this view a This is a circular argument A mutation leads to natural selection leads to mutation b Most mutations are harmful and tend to make the species weaker Beneficial mutations have never been observed c The scientist cannot explain where new genes come from d Natural selection does not guarantee improvement e Scientists have never observed beneficial mutations the production of new genes or natural selection Therefore their theory rests on faith b Fossils Criticisms 1 Methods of dating is not as reliable as claimed 2 Fossil evidence has never produced any intermediate forms missing links 3 Evidence for early man is a bit scanty for the conclusions that have been drawn Ex the piltdown man was a complete fake c Other factors 1 Evolution is based on faith as much as creationism is The evolutionist must have faith in the eternality of matter Something has always existed either matter or God Anthropology 7 2 The evolutionist believes that mutations natural selection time change our present existence II THE MATERIAL PART OF MAN A Its Creation and Structure 1 Gen 27 man was a special act of God created from dust and returns to dust at death Gen 219 I Cor 154849 II Cor 47 2 He is created in God39s image Gen 127 quotThe image of God involves man being given dominion over the earth and his capacity for moral action Both of which have been disturbed by the entrance of sin so that he lost his dominion and corrupted his moral abilities Nevertheless he is unique among all God39s creatures because of being created in His imagequot Ryrie B Its Designation 1 The main terms a Body Greek quotSomaquot does not refer to the person as such but to the shell II Cor 123 b Flesh Greek quotSarxquot 3 meanings 1 Equal to soma the material man Gal 220 2 The immaterial part of man Rom 718 3 The whole man material amp immaterial Matt 2422 2 Some additional terms a Body of sin Rom 66 body same as b b Body of this death Rom 724 close to our physical body c Earthen vessels II Cor 47 d Temple of the Holy Spirit I Cor 619 Anthropology 8 C Its Descriptions 1 Unredeemed Rom 823 until later 2 Earthen vessels II Cor 47 emphasis on our limitations 3 Can become the residence of the Holy Spirit I Cor 61920 4 Must be kept under control I Cor 927 D Its Future John 52829 1 The 1st resurrection unto life Rev 20 2 The 2nd resurrection unto death Rev 201115 judged according to works after the Millennium All these are cast into the Lake of Fire III THE IMMATERIAL PART OF MAN A The Original Form of Man 1 Words Gen 126 a Image a replica b Likeness similar 2 Meaning of the words a Do these words speak of posture or appearance No b What was Adam39s state before the fall 1 Innocence or passive holiness 2 Had some holiness because he could communicate with God 3 This was untested holiness 4 Therefore had an unconfirmed creature holiness Anthropology 9 c Are the two words the same 1 Yes in that they both refer to different facets of our immaterial nature 2 The image of God was retained although severely marred ICor 117 James 39 d Facts to remember in summary 1 Even fallen man still has some semblance of the original creation 2 The image of God in man is so marred that only the intervention of God can overcome the damage B The Perpetuation of the Immaterial Part of Man theories 1 Pre existence theory Came from Greek philosophy Theory held by Mormon Church God created all the souls when He created Heaven and Earth 2 Creationism When a child is conceived God creates a soul for that child Berkolf Theory held by Roman Catholic Church a C Hodge gives these arguments 1 It is Scriptural Numbers 1622 Heb 129 2 Nature of immaterial part of man therefore it should come from God 3 How can you account for a Christ with a sinless nature otherwise b Oppose Shedd Our material nature also comes from God but it has NOT already been created 3 Traducianism to draw from The soul is passed on through the parents Anthropology 10 a Arguments Shedd 1 Scripture Heb 710 Levi pays tithes to Melchizedek But Abraham actually did it so even before Levi was born his material and immaterial nature was in Abraham39s loins 2 Physiology Gen 53 Adam passed on to his son his own immaterial nature as well as material nature 3 Best explains the imputations of Adam39s sin to the rest of the race 4 Explains the universality of sin 5 With creationism God is either directly or indirectly the author of sin b SUMMARY The Traducianism theory says that Christ is an exception in every other way in His life so why not here C The Composition of Man 1 The dichotomous nature of man a Man can be divided into 2 essential parts material and immaterial b Arguments 1 The universe has 2 substances material amp immaterial 2 Scripture a There are only 2 substances Job 73328334 Gen 27 b Soul amp spirit used interchangeably with Matt 2028 CP Matt 2750 Heb1223 CP Rev 69 Jn1237 CP Jn1321 Anthropology 11 2 Characterizations of the immaterial part of man a Soul used in these different ways 1 Whole immaterial part of man I Pet 211 2 The whole man Rom 131 I Thess 523 b Spirit used in 3 various ways 1 The wind Gen 81 II Thess 28 2 The whole immaterial part of man I Cor 55 3 Manifestation of the spiritual life Matt 53 I Cor 211 quotThe spirit is usually mentioned in the Scriptures as that part of man which is capable of contemplating God and the soul as that part of man which is related to self and the various functions of the intellect sensibilities and willquot Chafer c Heart the seat of man39s 1 Intellectual life Matt 151920 2 Emotional life Ps 374 Rom 92 3 Volitional life Exodus 723 Heb 47 4 Spiritual life Rom 10910 Eph 317 d Conscience 1 Unsaved man39s conscience a can be a guide Rom 215 b can be sincerely wrong Acts 231 2 Saved man39s conscience can lead him in right relationships to his Anthropology 12 a government Rom 135 b employer I Pet 219 c brethren I Cor 87 12 d spiritual life Rom 91 3 II Cor 112 e Mind 1 Unsaved man39s mind a Rom 128 reprobate depraved b Eph 417 empty futility devoid of truth c Titus 115 defiled polute contaminate d II Cor 44 blinded e Eph 418 darkened f Rom11 does not have the ability to discern spiritual things I Cor 214 2 Saved man39s mind Use of it a to understand the Word of God Luke 2425 I Cor 21516 b in loving Him Matt 2237 c in understanding His will Eph 517 Prerequisites for using our minds a I Pet 113 girded up that is serious activity b II Cor 105 every thought is to be brought into Captivity Anthropology 13 c Rom 122 renewed f Flesh Rom 7 fallen unredeemed humanness 3 Tricotomous nature of man Heb 412 body soul amp spirit IV THE FALL OF MAN Genesis 3 Central Passage A Views of This Passage 1 Orthodox both truth and fact in this account 2 Neo orthodox truth but not fact 3 Liberal no truth no fact B The Place of the Perfection Man was in a perfect environment in a special position with a perfect wife Therefore man39s sin does not stem from his environment C The Responsibility of Man Obedience to the will of God was involved in dressing and keeping of the garden not to eat of the tree D Nature of Man Untested creature holiness quotThis implies no more than that they were innocent which is a negative term and suggests that they had not committed sin Holiness which is the primary attribute of God is a positive term and indicates that He is incapable of sinningquot Chafer E The Serpent Was a creature made by God but used by Satan F The Process of the Temptation 4 Steps 1 Eve doubts the goodness of God because of Satan 31 quotSatan was evidently trying to get Eve to believe that God was not good if He withheld anything from themby contrast Satan39s plan allowed them to do the very thing God would not permit This was Satan39s counterfeitquot Ryrie Anthropology 14 2 Satan outright denies the truth of the Word of God 34 3 Eve begins to rationalize the wrong she was about to do 36 4 They sin 37 G Result of the Fall 1 The serpent was condemned to crawl 314 2 Satan was set at enmity with the seed of the woman and permitted to give Christ a painful but not deadly wound 315 However Satan was condemned to a deadly wound 3 Eve and women were assigned pain in childbirth and submission to their husbands 316 4 Adam and men were assigned to unpleasant labor because of the cursing of the ground 31719 5 The race experienced broken fellowship with God or spiritual death physical death and exclusion from the benefits of Eden Adam and Eve39s sin changed the course of history and the lives of all their descendants Rom 51221 V PERSONAL SIN A Origin of Sin 1 In relation to God God is not the responsible author of sin Isaiah 457James 113 yet God allowed for the entrance of sin 2 In relation to angels First to sin Isaiah 14 Ezekiel 28 3 In relation to man Sin began for man with Adam Gen 36 ITim 214 B Definition of Sin 1 Erroneous or incomplete definitions Anthropology 15 a Sin is an illusion it doesn39t really exist this is the view of Christian Science b Sin is an eternal principle of evil outside of God and independent of Him Zoroaster c Sin is selfishness not inclusive enough 2 The theological definition of sin a quotSin is any want of conformity to the character of God whether it be in act disposition or statequot Chafer Sin is sinful because it is different from what God is b quotAnything that does not conform to the glory of Godquot Ryrie I Jn 34 says that it is lawlessness thus any deviation from God39s commands A summary statement is found in I Cor 1031 where believers are told to do everything to the glory of God C The Remedy for Personal Sin 1 Forgiveness negative God removes sin Eph 17 2 Justification positive We are declared righteous Rom 51 VI THE SIN NATURE A Meaning 1 It is the capacity to do that which is contrary to God Eph 23 2 Man is totally depraved This quotdoes not mean that everyone is as thoroughly depraved in his actions as he could possibly be nor that everyone will indulge in every form of sin nor that a person cannot appreciate and even do acts of goodness but it does mean that the corruption of sin extends to all men and to all parts of all men so that there is nothing within the natural man that can give him merit in God39s sightquot Ryrie Anthropology 16 3 The following HAS become corrupt a Man39s intellect II Cor 44 Rom 128 b Man39s conscience I Tim 42 c Man39s will Rom 128 d Man39s heart Eph 418 e Man39s total being Rom 118320 BThe Result of the Sin Nature 1 Depravity 2 Spiritual death Eph 21 3 Eph 41819 This can be corrected by new birth which leads to new life C The Transmission of the Sin Nature Passed on immediately through our parents D The Remedy of the Sin Nature 1 Redemption 2 The gift of the Holy Spirit Our old nature is dead positionally Rom 6 quotWe realize victory over the old nature through the power of the Holy Spiritquot Ryrie quotIt is never said to be removed or eradicated in this life but for the Christian there is overcoming power provided through the indwelling Spirit Rom 84 Gal 51617quot Chafer VII IMPUTED SIN A Meaning to put on someone39s account B Fact We all sinned in Adam Rom 512 C Penalty We have a sin nature and we die Rom 51214 Anthropology 17 D Remedy imputed righteousness Rom 517 Three imputations are set forth in Scriptures 1 The sin of Adam is imputed to his posterity Rom 51214 2 The sin of man is imputed to Christ II Cor 521 3 The righteousness of God is imputed to those who believe II Cor 521 VIII THE CHRISTIAN39S SIN A Introduction God39s standard is perfection But complete holiness is unattainable in this life I Jn 17 10 B The enemies of the Christian 1 The world I Jn 21517 2 The devil counterfeiting Eph 61018 3 The fleshold nature Gal 51621 C The Preventives of Sin in the Christian Life 1 The Word Ps 11911 2 The constant intercession of Christ Jn 1715 Heb 725 3 The work of the Holy Spirit in the beiever39s life a Teacher Jn 1613 b Intercessor in prayer life Rom 82627 c Guidance into service I Cor 127 d Helper Jn 1426 amp 1526 D The Penalties Connected with the Beiever39s Sin Anthropology 18 1 Grieves the Holy Spirit Eph 430 2 Loses his joypeace Gal 522 3 Makes the Christian a stumbling block I Jn 210 4 Loses confidence in prayer I Jn 31922 5 Has a sense of shame at the Lord39s coming I Jn 228 6 Loses fellowship with God and fellow believers I Jn 16 7 Receives chastisement from God for persistent sin Heb 126 8 Receives church discipline for certain persistent sinICor 54 5 9 May receive physical death I Cor 1130 E The Remedy of the Christian39s Sin Confession I Jn 19 Meaning to say the same thing as AN EXAMINATION OF LIFE Al FER DEATH EXPERIENCES Woody Allen expressed the sentiments of many when he stated quotWho cares about achieving immortality through achievements I39m interested in achieving immortality through not dyingquot Mankind has always feared death Heb 215 and rightly so Death is one of the great motivators towards the consideration of our need for a relationship with God However in recent years new hope has emerged for those desiring heaven without the bother of a commitment to Christ In the 197039s a book by Raymond Moody Life after Life made a tremendous impact with numerous and believable stories of people coming back from the dead Those returning to life often reported similar experiences A composite experience includes moving through a long dark tunnel after being pronounced dead watching resuscitation efforts from quotoutsidequot one39s body being greeted by relatives or friends who had died earlier encountering a being of light who evaluated the life and who forgives then being asked to return to this life and in every case returning to this life Anthropology 19 Many Christians jumped on the 3939life after ifequot bandwagon thinking that these experience where adding much information about the afterlife that the Bible had neglected Most Christians cooled their enthusiasm a bit when more careful analysis of these events proved to contradict the Scriptures For example Moody said quotThrough all my research I have not heard a single reference to a heaven or a hell anything like the customary picture to which we are exposed in this society Indeed many persons have stressed how unlike their experiences were to what they had been lead to experience in their religious training In most cases the reward punishment model of the afterlife is abandoned and disavowed even by many who had been accustomed to thinking in these terms They found much to their amazement that even when their most apparently awful sinful deeds were made manifest before the being of light the being responded not with anger or rage but rather only with understanding and even with humorquot In other words one of the neat hat tricks was to remove man39s fear of the judgment contrary to Heb 927 For example Dr George Ritchie a psychiatrist and a Presbyterian who had an out of body experience reported that it changed his conventional views on heaven and hell quotI saw no hellfire no heads rolling in the streets I know beyond a doubt that the Christ I saw will accept everyone good or bad even those who didn39t believe in Himquot An interesting sideline to all of this is the cultural stamp that the experiences had Most American saw religious figures and religion determined the identity of the figure no Christian patient saw a Hindu deity and no Hindu saw Jesus EMBRACED BY THE LIGHT Now twenty years later a new book dealing with the same type of experiences has taken the United States by storm The book entitled Embraced by the Light witten by Betty Eadie has been at the top of the New York best seller39s list for over a year Eadie has appeared on 2020 and as with Raymond Moody years before many in the Christian community have been influenced by her experience It must be kept in mind that many have claimed to return from the dead during the past twenty years but for the most part little attention has been paid to these people For some reason Embraced by the Light has caught the attention of the public once again Mrs Eadie39s experience is similar to those reported in Moody39s book She also teaches the same nonjudgmental Saviour of light quotIt was the most unconditional love I have ever felt and as I saw his arms open to receive me I went to him and received his complete embrace and said over and over 39I39m home I39m homequot39 p41 And while Eadie admits that Jesus is the only door by which anyone ever reaches heaven she assures us that all will eventually Anthropology 20 surrender to Him and move into His presence Some especially atheists and great sinners will spend considerable time in a black mass of love and warmth until they recognize Him but they will all quoteventually learn to move on to accept the greater warmth and security of Godquot p8485 Concerning this error of universalism the Scriptures have much to say Matt 2541 Rev 201415 Those who have rejected Christ will spend eternity in the lake of fire Heb 927 Judgement awaits us after death For the unsaved that judgment will result in the second death Rev 201415 For the believer it will result in rewards won or lost I Cor 31115 Luke 161931 Our life on earth will determines our eternal destiny John 146 Acts 412 Eternal life can only be found in Jesus Christ Therefore all religions do not lead to the same place Eadie claims however quotA religions upon the earth are necessary because there are people who need what they teachquot p45 Matt 71314 OTHER DOCTRINAL ERRORS Eadie39s book goes beyond the earlier teachings of Moody and others to teach a more New Age agenda In several important areas we catch the New Age influence in what she claims to have experienced Eternal existence of the human sgirit Throughout her book Eadie asserts that our human spirit has eternally existed p31 We were with God at creation we have always been in His presence p44 Some spirits however have chosen to go to earth either to fulfill some mission pp47 49 or to learn lessons that would help them mature When we come to earth we often come as friends or family of those spirits that we were close to in heaven p92 Spirits in heaven can have at least some influence over the affairs of mankind on earth p92 At death the body decays but the spirit returns to heaven Since this is true receiving Christ as Savior is a non issue since all human spirits are simply on a temporary mission on earth anyway Anthropology 21 A false View of Jesus Christ Not only is He viewed as a nonjudgmental totally accepting grandfather image but He is also a totally separate being God quotI understood to my surprise that Jesus was a separate being from God with his own divine purposequot p47 quotI understood that he was the Son of God though he himself was also a Godquot p44 The link between the sgirit world and the human world The following are some examples Spirits often inspire humans for there is a dynamic link between our world and theirs p48 There exists positive and negative energies in the universe that can be controlled by our thoughts and words pp55 58 This includes power over illness though the spirit and the mind p62 yet verbalization is needed for healing pp64 65 There is a oneness between us and the plant world as well as with God quotI felt God in the plant in me his love pouring into us We were all onequot p81 THE SATANIC CONNECTION It is possible that many of these experiences may have a physical explanation eg drug induced or the normal process of a dying brain and yet there is a sameness about the experiences that gives pause to think that something supernatural is going on Since the experiences of these people are out of line with Scripture we can be certain that they are not being given a true glimpse of eternity Therefore the possibility exists that Satan is involved in many of these episodes Many researchers reject this idea on the grounds that those who quotcome backquot always spread the message of love and forgiveness rather than hate and destruction and they conclude that Satan would not do this However they are ignorant of Satan39s schemes II Cor 1114 informs us that Satan can disguise himself as an angel of light Could the being of light that people claim to meet at death be Satan rather than Christ as supposed In Heb 21415 we find that Christ died to deliver us from the fear of death How clever it would be of him to counterfeit even this work by telling people that at death we have nothing to fear for there is no judgment And yet those without Christ have much to fear The Bible speaks of two opposite approaches to death The first is to deny its seriousness This was Satan39s approach in the garden Gen 31 5 Undoubtedly he is still up to his old tricks The other approach is to take death seriously and to recognize that it can only be overcome through faith in Jesus Christ In Isaiah 81920 we find that God is angry at a people who consulted occultists to find out about life instead of consulting Him He is saying that they had better and more reliable information than what witches mediums and voices from the grave could provide They had the written testimony of God Himself go read and believe it
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