PHIL 103.008, Week 2
PHIL 103.008, Week 2 5558
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ochi on Sunday September 6, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to 5558 at Towson University taught by Jennifer Torgerson in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 33 views. For similar materials see Introduction to ethics in PHIL-Philosophy at Towson University.
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Date Created: 09/06/15
PHIL 103008 Week 2 Who is a moral agent 0 One who has attained age of majority 18 0 One who understands the difference between right and wrong 0 Must have ability to do otherwise Lord of the Flies discussion Which theory best ts the main characters Jack teeoogica ethics end based not concerned with the means to the end Piggy deontoogica ethics means based concerned with following rules to get to end Ralph virtue ethics a mean between the extremes Egoist or egotist a very selfinterested person not always bad but an extreme form ex Narcissism can be bad People are usually swayed more by selfinterest Latin ego I The view that individuals should always act in their own selfinterest Latin alter other another The view that individuals should always act in the interest of others Regardless of how the moral agent describes hisher actions the true motivation is always for selfinterest whether they realize it or not The avoid a perpetual state of war in other words Thomas Hobbes 15881679 He was a materialism the view that reality is made only of matter subidea mechanism the view that reality is matter in motion And an empiricism the view that knowledge follows after sense experience seeing hearing touch taste smell aka quota posterioriquot as in posterior meaning that knowledge comes behindafter sense experience knowledge Determinism view that things are caused in such a way that they cannot be otherwise cause amp effect Social Contract Theory A State of Nature 1 A hypothetical condition prior to any social or political organization B Laws of Nature 1 Everyone has the right to everything leads to war of one against all or all against all quotLife is nasty brutish and shortquot 2 Reason tells us to give up the right to everything and join the state form of government 3 Make the social contract for the sake of keeping peace 4 Societies have norms another important purpose of morality reciprocity give people what they are due The Nature of Moral Principles P PWN practical or action guiding must apply to all mora rues take precedence over other considerations moras must be made public mora theory must be workable doable or pragmatic quotought implies canquot if it39s something you ought to do then it should be something you d0
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