New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here


by: Garett O'Connell


Garett O'Connell
GPA 3.6


Almost Ready


These notes were just uploaded, and will be ready to view shortly.

Purchase these notes here, or revisit this page.

Either way, we'll remind you when they're ready :)

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in Course

Popular in Civil Engineering

This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Garett O'Connell on Sunday September 6, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to C E 397 at University of Texas at Austin taught by Staff in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 43 views. For similar materials see /class/181556/c-e-397-university-of-texas-at-austin in Civil Engineering at University of Texas at Austin.

Similar to C E 397 at UT

Popular in Civil Engineering




Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 09/06/15
The Mekong River Basin C E 397 7 Transboundary Water Resources February 26m 2008 Michele Stewart The Region The Mekong River is a major river in Southeast Asia It begins in China owing through Myanmar Laos Vietnam and Cambodia before nally emptying into the South China Sea It is the eighth largest river in the world in terms of ow discharging nearly 475 billion cubic meters per year into the sea The Mekong River approximately 4500 km in length also holds the position of the longest river in Southeast Asia as well as that of the 12111 longest river in the world The geographical location of the Mekong River can be seen below in Figure l Figure 1 The Mekong Basin The river is divided into two distinct sections the Upper Mekong Basin and the Lower Mekong Basin The Upper Mekong approximately 2000 km in length begins at the river s source and transforms into the Lower Mekong just below the point where the river forms the border between Myanmar and Laos The Upper Mekong comprises roughly onefourth of the total area while the remaining threefourths belongs to the Lower Mekong which is approximately 2500 km long Due to the length and vast area coverage of the Mekong River it ows through several very distinct regions These siX biogeographical zones are known as the Lancang River Basin the Northern Highlands the Korat amp Sakon Plateau the Eastern Highlands the Lowlands and the Southern Uplands These areas differ in vegetation land use population density animal life and geographical features Many of the regions are saturated from the river and the different vegetation types that result include wetlands ooded forests and mangroves There are an estimated 1700 different species of fish and 212 species of mammals in the Lower Mekong Basin alone The Mekong Basin is also the home of many species that are unique to the area such as the giant catfish and the giant soft shell turtle which can be seen below in Figure 2 QuickTimeTM and a decompressor are needed to see this picture amemmem and a decumpressur are needed in see this meme Figure 2 Rare Species Found in the Mekong Basin Dif culties in the Basin More than 70 million people live in the Mekong Basin regions and this population is expected to increase by about 65 percent for a total of 120 million by 2025 Along with such a growth in population comes a signi cant growth in demand for food and water year round The inhabitants of the Mekong Basin are some of the poorest in the world and it is estimated that nine out often rely on the river for their livelihood The Mekong is also one of the world s most vital food sources providing the staple diet of more than 300 million peopleithis number is also expected to increase signi cantly by 2025 These rising populations will lead to a depletion in the amount of available food as well as the extinction of many rare life forms found in the regions Another concern of the Mekong Basin is related to the climate We will focus speci cally on the climate of the Lower Mekong Basin since more than 80 percent of the population resides in this area The Southwest Monsoon dictates the wet and dry seasons for the area the wet season generally lasts from May through September The average rainfall per month for different regions in the Lower Mekong Basin can be seen in Figure 3 These extreme differences in precipitation caused by the Southwest Monsoon coupled with severe tropical storms lead to disastrous oods The most signi cant result of these oods is the loss of life since such a large population lives on the banks of the river However these oods can also signi cantly alter the biology of the area which can affect people s source of food as well as income Floods are a serious risk year to year and the devastation of these events will increase along with the population QuickTimeTM and a are needed to see this picture Figure 3 Monthly Precipitation for Regions of Lower Mekong Basin Plans for the Future Given the difficulties the Mekong River Basin faces and the number of countries involved in the situation the issues are truly transboundary and need to be addressed accordingly In an attempt to unify the goals of all countries represented in the Mekong Basin the Agreement on the Cooperation for the Sustainable Development of the Mekong River Basin or The Mekong River Basin Agreement was signed on April 5m 1995 This agreement established the Mekong River Commissionian international organization aimed to represent its member countries and promote action to relieve issues faced by the Mekong River Basin Its member countries include Cambodia Lao Thailand and Viet Nam but China and Myanmar maintain dialogue with the Mekong River Commission and the parties have remained cooperative The basic objective of the Mekong River Commission is to give immediate attention to and affectiver address issues facing the basin such as food depletion poverty environmental degradation threats to biodiversity and con icting needs of multiple users While the Mekong River Commission is a beneficial and necessary first step there are many solutions that need to be determined and enacted within a short period of time in order for the future of the Mekong Basin to be secured Required Reading The Foreword of this document offers good insight into the delicacy of the situation oh and try to look past the fact that they kept writing per cent instead of percent it really is an of cial report Pages vi vii Mekong River Commission 2005 Overview of the Hydrology of the Mekong Basin Mekong River Commission Vientiane November 2005 73pp Can be found on the Internet 1 1 1 111 httpwwwmrcmel n r I 1166 vdrologv report 05 M Supplemental Reading The rest of the aforementioned document The Australian Mekong Resource Centre quotThe Mekong Basin Basin at a Glancequot The Mekong Basin 2002 20 Feb 2008 ltwwwmekongesusydeduaucaseistudiesrbmMDMKMKMKBasinGlancehtmgt


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Amaris Trozzo George Washington University

"I made $350 in just two days after posting my first study guide."

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.