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by: Erich Mueller


Marketplace > University of Texas at Austin > Linguistics > LIN 312 > LINGUISTICS OF E ASIAN LANG
Erich Mueller
GPA 3.8

Douglas Bigham

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Douglas Bigham
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Erich Mueller on Sunday September 6, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to LIN 312 at University of Texas at Austin taught by Douglas Bigham in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 19 views. For similar materials see /class/181564/lin-312-university-of-texas-at-austin in Linguistics at University of Texas at Austin.




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Date Created: 09/06/15
The Litterael notae Unknown Writin and Lin ual nota Unknown Lan ua e of Hildeqard von Binqen aka St Hilde ard One of the most significant women of her times Hildegard von Bingen was a visionary poet composer naturalist healer and theologian According to the legend she received an order from God to write down everything she saw and heard In c1150 Hildegard wrote the quotlingua ignota Believers claim that this mysterious language contains the divine plan for the construction of the world and therefore deciphering it would lead to a completely new conception of reality Due to the fact that there exists only one complete Roth 1880 and two partial editions of the Lingua Ignota it is quite difficult to get ahold of and much mystery has been created about this earliest of constructed languages Hildegard von Bingen from Dictionary of Literary Bibliography Vol 148 German writers and works of the early middle ages 8001170 edited by James Hardin Will Hasty Detroit gale research 1995 Pages 5973 Also belonging to c the 115039s are the enigmatic Litterae ignotae Unknown Writing and Lingua ignota Unknown Language The latter is a glossary of some nine hundred invented words mostly nouns thematically arranged They include the names of plants and herbs and so may have been related to Hildegard39s scientific interests Although the invented alphabet is used occasionally for titles in her correspondence her only use of the unknown language occurs in the Symphonia One antiphon for the dedication of a church includes five words from the unknown language 0 orzchis Ecclesia armis divinis precincta et iacincto ornata tu es caldemia stigmatum loifolum et urbs scientiarum O o tu est etiam crizanta in alto sono et es chortza gemma Newman gives a literal translation quot0 measureless Church girded with divine arms and adorned with jacinth you are the fragrance of the wounds of nations and the city of sciences O O and you are anointed amid noble sound land you are a sparkling gemquot Whether Hildegard encouraged her nuns to speak this rather limited language with its Germanicsounding vocabulary and Latinate syntax so as to communicate in secret as some have suggested has not been determined The passing of secret messages might have been more feasible if they had used the litterae ignotae Hildegard39s alternative alphabet Lingua lgnota per simplicem hominem Hildegardem prolata Originally published in Science Studoj Copenhagen lnternacia Scienca Asocio Esperantista 1958 pp 5760 From the 15th edition of Journal of Planned Languages 1992 by W J A Manders translated from Esperanto by Don Harlow Editor39s note One of the earliest constructed languages that we know of dates back to the 12th century Accurate information about this language is difficult to obtain but the following article sheds some light on the subject Among the many works by Hildegardis abbess of Rupertsberg near Bingen 1098 1179 is found the strange and until now scarcely noticed Lingua lgnota per simplicem hominem Hildegarden prolata Drezen in his Historic de la Mondoingvo p 2627 concisely mentions it stating that Hildegardis quoteven ellaborated an entire system of a universal written and spoken language which in its structure is reminiscent of later 19th century projects lts alphabet had 32 letters The majority of the words nouns ended in z aigonz God aiganz angel pariz father mariz mother juz human being etc The entire vocabulary contained 900 wordsquot Drezen39s information is false almost without exception this is not an entire system but only a glossary the alphabet has 23 not 32 letters the vocabulary contains more than 1000 words and of the five quoted examples four are incorrect But more important than these details is the general recognition that the Lingua lgnota was not and did not claim to be a universal language There exist only one complete and two partial editions of the Lingua lgnota of which especially the complete one by Roth 1880 is difficult to get hold of Its text consists of 1011 words in the Lingua lgnota followed by the Latin or German gloss Most often the translation is in Latin only when notions are dif cult to express with a Latin word do we find German glosses A partial edition was published by the famous Germanist Wilhelm Grimm 1848 He was interested not in the Lingua lgnota butonly in the old German glosses and for that reason his list contains only the 291 words which were translated in German Another partial edition was presented by Descemet in the Analecta of Pitra 1882 Descemet limited himself to the names of plants 181 in all and added to each gloss the official botanical term and in addition when possible the names that Hildegardis used for the plants in question in other parts of her works on natural science The Lingua lgnota contains only nouns and a few adjectives Here are the first 30 words according to Roth39s list Aigonz deus Aieganz angelus Zuuenz sanctus Liuionz salvator Diueliz diabolus lspariz spiritus lnimois homo Jur vir Vanix femina Peuearrez patriarcha Korzinthio propheta Falschin vates Sonziz apostolus Linschiol martir Zanziuer confessor Vrizoil virgo Jugiza vidua Pangizo penitens Kulzphazur attavus Phazur avus Peueriz pater Maiz maler mater DH Hilzpeueriz nutricus Nilzmaiz noverca Scirizin filius Hilzscifriz privignus Limzkil infans Zains puer Zunzial iuvenis Bischiniz adolescens These are followed by other familial relationships bodyparts illnesses religious and hierarchical terms ranks of nobility craftsmen days months clothing household instruments many growing things and a few birds and insects Quadrupeds are lacking It is not possible to analyze this in many ways remarkable a priori vocabulary in a few words Further more important than an examination of the details is the realization that this Lingua lgnota is definitely not a primitive attempt at a universal language but a secret language Here are a few arguments for this assertion 1 The name Lingua lgnota itself already indicates that we are speaking of a secret language and not of a universal language A name less suitable than that of quotunknown languagequot could scarcely be invented for a world language 2 The Lingua lgnota consists only of nouns and afew adjectives For this reason it can be used only on the basis of another language from which it has to borrow its grammar and the words that are lacking This is characteristic of all slangs and jargons which use hidingexpressions kasquotesprimoj for those notions which are to be kept hidden from the noninitiate


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