JUS 444 - Weeks 1-2 Notes
JUS 444 - Weeks 1-2 Notes JUS 444
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kali Notetaker on Sunday September 6, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to JUS 444 at Arizona State University taught by Dr. Richter in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 33 views. For similar materials see Environmental Justice in Environmental Science at Arizona State University.
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Date Created: 09/06/15
JUS 444 Week 11 What is Environmental Justice 0 This is what happened in the past and this is how we can prevent it in the future 0 Justice looking for fairness never complete always a process in motion 0 Policy Socially we create policies Constitution of the United States of America 0 Sociotechnical systems Any technology or system where there are human values embedded in the system driven and shaped by our personal values 0 Infrastructure why is the house builtlaid out the way it is Justice Movements what is happening what will happen 0 Civil Rights 1950 s60 s 0 Women s Suffrage 1890 s1920 s 0 Trade and Globalization 2000 s to present 0 AIM 1970 s Why Justice How Americans think ofJustice 0 Who bares the risks and who gets the bene ts 0 Theories of Cooperation Order and SelfInterest John Rawls to ensure fairness make policies based on not knowing what class or race you will be born into Birth of Environmentalism 0 Rachel Carson 1907 1964 Silent Spring 1962 0 Oil spills 0 Air quality 0 Pesticides Environmental Justice EJ o Bringing together concepts and practices from environmental activism Signi cance of EJ o Distributive Justice 0 Recognition Justice 0 Procedural Justice 0 Capabilities Justice Reading Distribution and Beyond Post to Hallway Conversations by 1159PM Wednesday Precist due 830AM Tuesday JUS 444 Week 21 Frameworks of Justice 0 EJ brought together two movements civil rights and environmentalist movement Rachel Carson o Drawbacks with both movements 0 EJ we see humans outside of nature except humans apparently completely understand the environment and can control it incredible division between nature and culture 0 Environmentalist movement Pristine places are not actually pristine because humans are there Not focused on the actual places where people live focus on national parks and pristine places 0 Civil rights bring racial injustice to Not focused on nature Individual rights that are upheld by the Constitution regardless of race class or gender 0 NATIONAL Love Cana city built a canal to connect Hudson River to New York City to create an industrial city Canal was instead lled with human waste and chemical waste 0 White suburban city helped 0 City caed Love Canal built houses and schools on covered canal not habitable make a quick buck caused children to have sicknesses and chemicals burns women with mischarges etc o Superfund site CERCA Federal fund site for cleanup 0 EPA tried to help the situation 0 INTERNATIONAL Bhopal chemical disaster 0 Largely populated city 600000 0 Accident at a plate that released thousands of toxic chemicals that laid about 3 feet about the ground 20000 people died No one to hold accountable DAW DAW paid about 500 per person 0 How to cause people to become accountable for their mistakes DAW quotwe re not and Indian company and did not occur on American soil so they cannot be held accountable 0 Theoretical Frameworks of EJ o 4 major approaches de nitions on PPT Distributive Justice DJ 00 O o How do we make sure everyone equally has access to the risks and bene ts o If you don t have a way of measuring something feelings emotions if dif cult to count it not understood as goods Recognition Justice RJ 0 How do we go beyond the goods 0 Without recognition how can DJ occur Participatory Justice PJ 0 State government vs Federal America can never have a supreme ruler How do we create more opportunities Capabilities Justice CJ 0 In order to be a successful human being life bodily health etc Who decides who has access to these capabilities and when Putting theJ in EJ Never any right way of thinking of things Listening to peoples injustices don t assume you know someone s problems Democracy is meant to protect the public 0 From Environmental Racism ER to EJ What are some desert speci c EJ issues 0 O 0 Certain laws against removing certain types of cacti protected species how do you respect the rights of the species while developing land Can improve property value Can be sold Water and water management huge issue Agriculture uses 70 of water use Subsidence draining ground water to the point where to land begins to subside 0 Historical Context of the Desert 0 O 0 Everyone is heading west lead by God How Bringing electricity power lines railway agriculture Buffalosbears and Indians are eeing away from American progress white Americans would civilize the land manifest des ny One dominant culture would rule coming from east to the west Make the west look just like the east bring the economy westward and change the environment Made a unique country into one nation JUS 444 Week 22 EJ From the local to the global 0 Desert Imaginaries 0 Nevada test site 80 own by the government most bombed places on the planet 0 Nuclear testing moved underground and is now on the computer 0 Imaginary 39the desert is a waste land and no one is here when in reality there are millions here 0 No water no agriculture can be grown here Can and has actually been made productive o In hospitable due to huge temperature swings humans made the desert bloom like a rose making it seem as though humans have mastered nature Technologically innovate our way around things 0 Argument for the Ehrlich reading 0 Concernsissues Population Hunger Loss of biodiversity O Technology can t continue to save us Water 0 Global ocean systems 0 Changing the chemistry of our oceans ocean acidi cation Over shing Diseases and pandemics easier to spread diseases Synthetic chemical exposure Epidemiological issues winters aren t cold causing mosquitos to die increasing the population 0 Driving forces Socioeconomicpoliticalarrangement Technology Overconsumption Overpopulation Michael Kelly s response 0 Technology a cell phone takes out other technologies 0 Ehrlich is overstating their case climate change is over exaggerated I 0 Solution to pandemics and disease we don t need to see each other anymore No reason to physically interact with each other 0 Solution to food change our transportation system Engineering meat to be grown in the lab Ehrlich s response Ocean acidi cation can it be addressed on the local or global scale
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