Sociology week 6 notes
Sociology week 6 notes 12050-002
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Katelyn Rinella on Sunday February 28, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 12050-002 at Kent State University taught by Ivanka Sabolich in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 56 views. For similar materials see INTRODUCTION TO SOCIOLOGY in Sociology at Kent State University.
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Date Created: 02/28/16
Sociology week 6 notes Chapter 4: social structure and social interaction Social structure- the framework of society Macrosociology perspective Social class= large number of people who have similar amounts of income and education and who work in jobs that are roughly comparable in prestige Status- a recognized social position that individual occupies (every status duties, rights, expectations) Ascribed status- social position that someone receives at birth or assumes involuntary later in life Achieved status- social position that someone assumes voluntarily Master status- a status that cuts across other statuses that an individual occupies Status symbols- items used to identify a status Status set- all the statuses a person holds at a given time Role- behavior expected of someone who holds a particular status Individuals hold a status and preform a role Role conflict- conflict between roles corresponding to two or more statuses (at least 2 status) Role strain- tension between roles connected to a single status (1 status) Social group- a collection of people who regularly interact with one another on the basis of shared expectations. Social institution- organized, usual. Or standard ways by which society meets its basic needs Society- people who share a culture and territory What holds a society together? - Mechanical solidarity - Organic solidarity 5 basic institutions - Family: care for dependents and have children - Economy: to produce and distribute goods - Government: provide community coordination and defense - Education: train new generations - Religion: supply answers about unknown and unknowable Primary relationships- families, close friends Secondary relationship- clients, tax accountant Microsociology perspective Micro= face to face interaction, personal space, eye contact Dramaturgy: the presentation of self in everyday life by Erving Goffman Social situations- scenes manipulated by actors to convey the desired impression to the audience= impression management - Front region (stage) - Back region (backstage) Non-verbal cues: - Dress - Body language - Cuing Embarrassment and tact - Spoiled performances - Tact- an act to help another person “save face” Thomas theorem - Situations that are defined as real become real in their consequences Ethnomethodology- the study of the way people make sense of their everyday surroundings Reality is created by people in their everyday encounters Harold garfinkel: how we make sense of countless familiar situations Break the rules
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