INTRODUCTION TO VISUAL ARTS
INTRODUCTION TO VISUAL ARTS ARH 301
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This 14 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ellie Paucek on Sunday September 6, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ARH 301 at University of Texas at Austin taught by Ann Johns in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 20 views. For similar materials see /class/181598/arh-301-university-of-texas-at-austin in Art History at University of Texas at Austin.
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Date Created: 09/06/15
lco nography a nd Po rtable Art 10410 Art andReIigion Focus Religious Art in the Medieval World Topic Meaningin Art Icons rap y ico nographyfinding meaning through the use of images several different levels of meaning 1 obvious 2 otherlevels uoox39m nouns m 1 Actuallylooking at a 2 dimensional picture ofsomethingthat is 3 dimensional and is a picture and is a si n Drawing ofa hand and the hand is a gesture and the gesture is a symbol to show support 3 Many shades of meaning depending onthe context degree that is reiterated 4 Meaning shifts not set in stone Meaning in art shifts deals with religio n power sovereignty meanings constantly shift Meaning of art changes according to who is viewing it subjective experiences change view ofart and meaning E Good She herd marble Rome Early Ch ristian late 3rd century 1 Depending on personal beliefs and ideaswill see sculpture differently 2 Good shepherd figure is shown in many different works 0 art Sarcophagicoffins Christians are not actually burned because bodies are supposed to be raised again with coming of Christ Lastjudgment tympanum andlintel westportal SteFoy Conques France Romanesue c 1120 1 In medieval culture average people are not veryliterate so stories found in bible have to be spelled out 2 Stories ofbodies being reunited with eternity 3 Bodies on left are sinister bodies on right are safe 4 Little bits ofpaint so clearer to read in middle ages romanesque medieval period oftime in which roman style architecture is used 5 Tympanum great semicircle area 6 Jesus is in the center he is God ofthe last judgment hand up means thumbs up and hand down means thumbs down 7 Different compartments have mo re drawings 8 Very orderly so easy to understand what event will be like 9 Christ is in a mandorla almond shaped body halo 10 Blue paint remaininghas royal overtones 11 Figures to left are saints one is Mary shown is veryyoung 12 Saints are idealized 13 Peterhas key guards gates to keys ofheaven earth esus gives him the key most important of all ofjesus39 disciples firstpope 14 Writing tells story but does n39thelp illiterate peasant Emperorjustinian Archbishop Maximian us ofRavenna andInter dart tsmosaic San Vitale Ravenna Byzantine c 547 8398 X 1239 one ofa ser1es of msa1cs that were created for a number of churches 2 San Vitale church is plain outside but color and light on inside extraordinary onthe inside 3 Mosaic so made up oftiles 4 Byzantine emperorustinian is inthe middleArchbishop Maximianus on right however is more important Placed on equal par with emperor 5 Byzantine emperor Justinian wears halo pushinghimselfforward Setting himself forth as something special 6 Tesseraae individual pieces that compose a picture Tesserae are set askew in work so gives quality of images almost moving and become dematerialized First level mosaic in colors Second level bunch of men center guy is most important Third level guy to the right is labeled Maximiamus overlaps every one else in ront N tre Dame de la Belle Verri re Cathedral of NotreDame Cha rtres France stained ass Gothic 12thcentral portion and 13th centuries surrounding portions 1639 X 7396 J r 4 1 Simplistlc explanation of story 2 stained glass re ects everything around it lets in different quality oflight part of meaning transfigured light is associated with whatever culture you can think of light is part of it Christianity uses light 3 straightforward in terms of meaning Madonna and child surrounded by angels 4 cathedral burned to the ground and only a few things were salvaged including this work Embedded with another work 5 symbol that refers to original church llas holiness to people ofChartres 6 glass is painted in certain areas Portable Art 10710 Religious Art in the Medieval World Topic Portable Art Manuscripts Kodex Book book in which pieces ofpaperhave been folded facsmilie traditional book Smallermore precious and made out ofbeautiful materials SteFoy reliquary goldfiligreestones over wooden core Conques Southern France Romanesque later 10th century 2399 1A 1 Slightly unusual because has a semilifelike head and a very elaborate body with stones 2 Has big eyes stand in for us as a worshippers Big spiritual inlay eyes 3 Shown as youthful because died as a young girl 4 Darkened crystal in middle cross could look through and see actual bones inside Typical reliquary in terms of material size and function E indulgence purchase them for salvation cuts time inpurgatory llow churches were built in middle a es Martin Luther did notlike indulgences in addition to otherproblems he had with the Catholic Church IncarnationChirh 0 page the Book ofKeIIs manuscript painting on vellum c 800 early Medieval HibernoSaxon 1391 X 9 1A C Ro symbo zes Christ first 2 initials of Christ great example of manuscript because has a huge level of detail vellum gold gospel inter ace details include head angels symbol of St Matthewwings down in symmetric fashion cat and mouse Great level in detail and intricacy lliberno refers to British Isles Romans got to Scotland manuscripts were luxury items made out ofparchment and vellum animal skin monks created manuscripts division ofjobs The Limbou rg Brothers February Tr s Rich es Heures in Due 19 Berry manuscript painting on vellu m late Gothic before 1416 11 38 x 8 W m 1 U EnPWN in 19 Book ofHoursseries ofprayers and notations one follows throughout the year one offirstpaintings in west of Landscapes falls into category ofa small precious object lots of gold detail new material seen in paintingindigo lapislavigshlae can see crispness ofair detail seen in cold breath observation ofnature and physical worldthat had not been present for along time books ofhours included astrology and astronomy has remnant ofAntiquityGod in Apollolike carriage thatlooks like a church th century have synthetic pigments and can make tubes Madonna and Child En thron ed with Saints Theodore and George andAngeIs icon encausticwood Byzantine 6th century 2393 X 1397 38 1 2 3 4 5 6 wooden panels became important in particular after the fall ofthe Roman empire later replaced by canvas painting39s scale can be placed on an altar orpicked up and taken beautiful shimmering quality in wax work Re ects light and shimmers ico nwas itselfholy acquired itself an aura of sanctity angels in background appear different have ancient roman qualities when natu ralism was quality Appear to look lifelike saints in front are at dematerialized un lifelike encaustic waX Durable in dry climate 101910 Introduction to Visual Arts Virginia Albert Caravaggio Conversion ofSaintPauI oilcanvas Cerasi Chapel SM del Popolo RomeBaroquec1601 7396 12 X53910 very dramatic fashion Caravaggio thinks about where we the viewer stand while viewing his work looks at natural light in story light that comes into painting is ehanced by natural light Caravaggio picks the moment of greatest drama and distills the whole narrative into this one scene light takes into account the natural setting light itselfhas a narrative function Illuminates what part ofthe story is important good at using qualities to tell part of story uses shading light color limited palette to help focus our eyes used line to help focus our attention on Paul tension helps us to focus scalefigures are life size almost as if Paul is falling into our space shallow space Lit theatrical art Foreshortened as ifbreaking barrier between pictoral world and our world FOCUS portraits Portraits seen everywhere in every museum yet is important to note that you can pull out information about individual based on artistic choices ofpainter Judge people by faces Leo nardo da Vinci Mona Lisa Pormzit ofa Woman oilwood Florence Renaissance c 1 5 03 05 2396 14 X 1399 cut down Introduction to Visual Arts Lecture Notes 101410 Frescomeans quotfreshquot Refers to fresh paint Also seen in Roman painn39ng Dies out after 1650 s Raphael The School ofAthens Philosophy fresco Stanza della Segnatura Vatican 15091119 X 2739 don39t see differences in days of painting seamless quality dark outlines flines scienn39fic perspecn39ve story is that added figure slumped over after saw Michelangelo39s painting 1 day s workgiornata difference in paint and appearance due to inaccuracy in mixing the pigments paint es difetl very day can see difference of paint Giotto Ugnissan ti Madonna Madonna En thron ed with Angels andSain ts temperawood Florence early Renaissance c 13001 0398 X 6398 34 ilded brown color is gold g Tempera pa nel common in Medeival and early Renaissance italy A poplar wood B gesso C U nderdrawing D goldleafpunch work gives shimmering quality fromlight of candles or lamps E U nderpainting incl silverbut not seen because tarnishes F final layers Robert Campin Me39rode Altarpiece Annunciation oilwood Flanders Renaissance C 142530 center 2391 1AEXZ 78quot Culture Flemish called a triptych because in three pieces because used oil paint has a glowing quality Also blends well so creates more shadows depth more illusionisu39c and eshlike old fashioned drapery doesn39t fall in naturalistic fashion forms a star Mary is often stellamariiconographic oil is remarkable in terms of quality of skin and can be used to show great range of colors iconographyiAnnunciation Mary will have baby and it will be Jesusifuture baby Jesus comes in through window holding cross iconography Very linear perfectionistic shows every single detail tempera paintimade with pigment and eggs that hold pigment together oil paint pigment and oil Became principle medium in early 15th century light T paint layers 7l while plaster clom oil varnish blue oil glaze ll 3 wood blue oil glaze it 2 blue oil glaze 1 underpainted tempera blue ltltoil painting technique The great number of glazes cause the painting to absorb more light and creates depth oil painting now has glowing qualityquot Quality of light is captured in top layers of glazes Titian Rape ofEuropa oilcanvas Venice Renaissance c 155962 6391 X 6399 culture Italian later greater example of oil art work composition range of colors palette multiple glazes deeping shading of colors and modeling texture we see on the canvas was pioneered by Titian loose brush strokes when come up close can actually see the brushstroke painte rly brush strokes thicker layers ofpaint impasto Venetian we re great pioneers of oil painting in Italy Narrative in art tell an extended story Tend to be paintings Narratives are oftentaken from major sources such as the Illiad Odyssey The Bible Works that compel us in terms of narrative Lorenzo Ghiberti quotGates of Paradise Baptistery doors gildedbronze Florence Renaissance 142552 1539 each anel is 2397 14 square all stories from the Old Testament 10 stories with assorted other scenes to the si e supposed to view in a certain way Story ofacob and Esau The Bible in a public place Everyone would have known stories that we re accessible to everyone one ofthings that Ghiberti does is tell story in several different levels one feature that is added into narrative p rayer of Rebecca on right levels show space but also tell story in different ways lines show cues how to look at work and what is most important frame details thrown into enliven story MatthiasGrunewald St Sebasu an Crucifmiori t Anthony Lamentation below exterior ofthe Isenheim Altarpiece oilwood Germany Renaissance c 151215 center 9 1A X 10 9 all the pieces of narrative and story are set out for us type of narrative in which the story is toldthrough different levels ofpolyptych wingpieces fold in and out so you get three different sets ofscenes in one altar p1ece story unfolds throughout liturgical year different parts of altar piece are unfolded Crucifixion exterior of altar piece Jesus has pus things all over him because was placed in a hospital where had St Andrew39s disease and similar symptoms has a reduced palette told in a somber dramatic way Red is color associated with passion week highlighted in painting has joyous color and joyous events Annuciatoin nativity explosive 1St stage crucifixtion 2nd stage annunication nativity ressurection happy things that happen 3rd stageparticular saints St Ant ony unfolds in space and also throughout time Michelangelo Creau39on ofAdam fresco Sistine Chapel ceiling Rome Vatican 50 12 Renaissance 1 part ofone of most complicated series ofall ofwestern art part ofceiling fresco that was done by Michelangelo one of nine central narratives created by Noah within huge narrative extravaganza have individual narrative scenes
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