SURV OF RENAIS THRU MODERN ART
SURV OF RENAIS THRU MODERN ART ARH 303
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This 14 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ellie Paucek on Sunday September 6, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ARH 303 at University of Texas at Austin taught by Staff in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 22 views. For similar materials see /class/181601/arh-303-university-of-texas-at-austin in Art History at University of Texas at Austin.
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Date Created: 09/06/15
RomanticismRealism KEY TERMS Enlightenment industrial revolution romanticism the sublime empiricism intuition orientalism historicism avantgarde realism salon academy modernity flaneur salon de refuses Romanticismupheaval revolution exoticism 0 00000 O O French Revolution Napoleonic wars Rise of industrialization and urbanization Proletariat class country workers moving to city terrible working conditions Bourgeoisie wealthy middle class controlled means of production greater voice in government quotcult ofthe individual not a style but an attitude Fuseli The Nightmare 1781 l39Fuseli39s art was among the first that attempted to depict the dark terrain of the human subconsciousquot G 909 incubus an evil spirit that lies on persons in their sleep especially one that has sexual intercourse with women while they are sleeping compare SUCCUBUS Merriam Webster Online The Sublime may inspire horror but one receives pleasure in knowingthat the perception is a fiction quotnegative painquot delight removal from pain I Intuition Francisco Goya Third of May quotHistory paintingquot large multifigured composition that represents an event inhistory Exposed incompetence and willful disregard for human life ratherthan ennoble educate and remind viewers of civic responsibility Ingres Paintings of female nudes and portraits of women that made him famous A l 4 JeanAugustDominique Ingres Large Odalisque Academic line and formal structure was grounded in his Neoclassical traning fluid and attenuated female nudes are more in the Romantic tradition Orientalism The fascination with Middle Eastern cultures Dates in France to Napolean s 1798 invasion of Egypt and his rampant looting of objects from the country forthe Louvre Museum which he opened in 1804 Replete quotOrientalizingquot impulse continued throughout the nineteenth century o V quotquot7 9 Theodore Gericault Raft of the quotMedusaquot I Depicted normal every man esp a black man unlike a kingintellectual Pyramidal composition of balance I The Medusa wrecked off coast of Africa Captain elite left on lifeboats 15 survived saved by the Argus sister ship of Medusa Huge political scandal I Lower left character modeled after Michelangelo s charactersprophetJeremiah or Raphael s Transfiguration o 39IJMW Turner The Slave Ship I Turner experimented with the sublime I The Sublime concept defined by Edmund Burke as something that strikes awe and terror into the heart of the viewer There is no real threat however the sublime is experienced vicariously and it is therefore thrilling and exciting o Honore Daumier Rue Transonian Le 15 Avril 1835 I Daumier was famous through lithography natural antagonism between oil and water Draws on flat surface fine grained stone w a greasy crayonlike instrument French Academic Art The Academies and Realism 0 Napoleon Baron Georges Eugene Haussmann Haussmannization I Created boulevards parks cafeconcerts o Historicism motifs drawn from historic models often mixing more than one model together at once Alexander Cabanel The Birth of Venus I Mastery of anatomy flesh tones and the sea surface derives from his traning and skillful technique Image has a strong erotic charge 0 Gustave Courbet I AvantGarde quotadva nced gua rd I Realism themes of reality everyday life V 1 4 ief I Represents disenfranchised peasants on whose backs modern life was being built I quotShow me an angel and I ll paint one o Rodin The Thinker Sculpturist r Gustave Courbet The Stone Breakers I 39 e H Auguste Rodin The Burghers of Calais o Manet quotPainter of Modern Life I Flaneur perfectly dressed man with impeccably good manners who kept abreast of current events through newspapers and gossip I Modernityconstant change and renewal Linked to dynamic nature of city life The themes of the modern city and of political engagement with modern life in an industrialized world are key to understanding the development of painting and literature in France Approach for seeing and representing the visual world break w the past in order to better comprehend and comment on the present Emphasized the abstract qualities ofart Edouard Manet Luncheon on the Grass I Intentionally provocative I Salon de refuses salon of the refused Mediated by Napoleon lmpressionismPostimpressionism KEY TERMS Daguerreotype colytype positivism En plein air Japonisme ru r I P t r 0 Photography drawing with light 0 Daguerreotype Louis Daguerre plate coated with light sensitive chemicals exposed to light Fixed with a solution of hyposulphate of soda Negative until viewed upon a silver plate Daguerre The Artists Studio 0 Calotype a paper negative is produced and then used to make a positive contact print in sunlight o Impressionism I Painted not so much objects but the coloredlight that bounced off of them I Derogatory word at first critics thought they were too sketchy just line impression not finished paintings I Sketchy unfinished look I A feeling of the moment and a desire to appear modern I Focus on landscape and cityscape I Degas Degas The Rehearsal on Stage 0 Japonisme French obsession with Japan Exotic visual effects also spreaded due to Western trade and diplomacyPorts opened to the west I Ukiyoe prints of the quotfloating world urbanism I Ukiyo e style genre of Japanese woodblock prints btw 1720th centuries featuring landscapes history pleasure quarters I quotthe floating world I Shungaeroticimagery Suluki Harunobu1119 Flowers of Beauty in the Sesshul Winter Landscape iMuromachi Period Kalil shika Hokugi he GrealWave i Hakuin Ekaku Giant Daruma 0 En Plein AireiPaintingoutdoors Positivism sorting out factual details of the world 0 The lncidental the momentary and the passing 0 ivlonet Monet Impression Sunrise 0 Post Impressionsim Artists who explored inner ways of expressing the outer world sometimes escaping from the city to the countryside or even to farflung places I SeuratA Sunday Afternoon on the lsland of La Grande Jatte I Created effects using complementary color I Chromoluminarism I Poin ism I Divisionism colors are more intense mixed optically o Cezanne Impressionist part of Cezanne Picasso and the 4th dimension 3 at quot39L 1quot Cezanne Mont Sainte Victoire 0 Vincent Van Gogh Van Gogh The Starry Night CubismAfrican Art KEY TMERS analytic cubism synthetic cubism colonization primitivism collage o Realism Painted quotrealityquot laborers the poor the working class Not idealized o Impressionism interested in empirically observing the world positivism Painted landscapes and cityscapes Painted out doors en plein aire o PostImpressionism rejectedempiricism painted what they felt not what they saw interest in nonwestern quotprimitivequot world Tahiti Japanese prints 0 Cubism broke space into facets and planes thatjut against one another Other realities quotprimitivismquot coa I Modern African Objects and Masks Twin Figures Nigeria Yoruba Culture Five Masks in Performance Doiss Bwa Culture Nkisi Nkonde Democratic Republic of Congo Kongo Culture o Kente Cloth GhanaAshanti Culture 0 Ooni of Ife political and spiritual leader 0 Cezanne Picasso and the 4quotl Dimension 0 Primitivism nonwestern inspiration in the art world in early 20 h c o Pablo Picasso New pictorial syntax 5 into parts as if analyze them 4 5 39 Georges Braque Violin and Palette I Cubist grid flimited palette o SyntheticCubism synthesis of objects collage Collage construction Picasso Glass and Bottle of Suze FauvismArchitecture KEY TERMS the bridge the blue rider Ubermensch futurism suprematism nonobjective synesthesia theosophy art nouveau curtainwall pilotis international style Bauhaus prairie house I Modern Abstractism Fauves Expressionism Futurism Suprematism o The Fauves Wild Beasts of Color I Took French tradition of color and strong brushwork to new heights of intensity and expressive power and entirely rethought the picture s surface I Short broad strokes complementary colors o Henri Matisse Joy of Life 0 Primitivism the widespread tendency among modern artists to scour the art of other cultures beyond the Western tradition for inspiration 0 Die Brucke the bridge Dresden Reaction against industrialization of Germany bridge between past and present Reintroduction of older techniques woodcuts rejection of bourgeois quotprimitivismquot I Draw on northern visual prototypes such as Van GoghMunch and adopting traditional woodcuts crated intense brutal expressionistic images of alienation in response to Germany s fast intensive aand brutal urbanization I Favorite motifs were the natural world and the nude body nudism growing cultural trend Nietzsche 0 Ubermensch o Vouthful person of intellect courage fortitude creativity and beauty that would die my A quotbridgequot that would lead to new ideas Ernst Kichner Street Berlin Rider5p tua Ism Formed in Munich by Russian artist Kandinsky and Franz Marc Named after St George emblem of Moscow from a pop image Offered spiritual leaderships in the arts Kandinsky 0 le Blue lsecond versionl mmnnlur ir 39 39 39 nirhllnl attainment through meditation and esoteric teachings o c L 39 u 39 39 I L another o Kandinskythought he could see sound and hear color In 1911 wrote Concerning the Spiritual Artquot 7 a textwhich proclaimed the need to paint one s connectedness to the universeand use an abstract Vocabulaw like musicl to represent the abstract qualities of spirituality 0 The Futurists in Paris Severini Boccioni Marinetti Carra Russolo Glorified war I Boccioni Unique Forms of Continuity in Space 0 Suprematism I quotThe Suprematists have deliberatelvgiven up the objective representation of their surroundings in order to reach the summit of the true quotunmaskedquot art and from this vantage point to view life through the prism of pure artistic feeling o A I Malevich Suprematist Painting Eight Red Triangles I Mysticism of pure forms I Modern Architecture o 39 Gustave ETffe Eiffe Tower Created fur Warm Farr Nut Intended m be permanent 0 View Hurts Stairway asse Hausa Brusse s There are rm straTghth39nesTn nature 0 ArtNuuveau urgem39cfurmsand arabesques Natura mrngs buttaken Tn deta ed desrgnsmdecmauans o Adu f Luusemammam orme The bummg shumd be dumb outsrde and un y revea wea th rnsrde o 9 Louis Sullivan Wainwright Building I Form ever follows function I Curtain wall nonloadbearing exterior walls hangs from the lip ofa horizontal beam l l 7 I l o 1 Adolf Loos Steiner House Vienna o Historicism and decoration 0 Le Corbusier the crowlike one I CharlesEdoua rd Jeanneret I SwissFrench I First a painter later architect teacher urban planner FAUVISM Wild Beasts Painted with color zero interest in creating a quotwindow intothe world EXPRESSIONISM German movements that took from western and nonwestern quotprimitivequot traditions THE BRIDGE tortured anguished brutally primitive The BLUE RIDER passionately spiritual reflecting elemental cosmic forces Kandinsky Synesthesia could see sound and hear colorTheosophy religion philosophical interest in mysticism Created nonobjective abstract art FUTURISM Interest in speed movement mechanization and waras a cleansing of the world Fascist Wrote manifestos Italy SUPREMATISM quotpurequot artistic feeling through nonobjective painting Supremacy of feeling
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