Bias in our Society; Infancy and Childhood
Bias in our Society; Infancy and Childhood WMST 4600
Popular in Psychology of Women 4600
Popular in Psychlogy
This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Bridget Ochuko on Sunday September 6, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to WMST 4600 at University of Georgia taught by Malissa A. Clark in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 16 views. For similar materials see Psychology of Women 4600 in Psychlogy at University of Georgia.
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Date Created: 09/06/15
WMST 4600 Week 3 09012015 Descriptive vs Prescriptive Stereotypes Descriptive describes what people to be on average men vs women Prescriptive includes standards of behavior describing speci c traits that are desirable v undesirable 0 Women being too domineering and arrogant 0 Men weak and emotionally yielding The Complexity of Contemporary Sexism 0 Double bind for women a tightrope women walk between acting stereotypically feminine and wanting to be viewed as a leader not seen as persuasive women acting too masculineassertive seen as quotbossyquot or a bitch Hostile sexism blatant sexism based on the idea that women should be subservient to men and know their face involves feelings of hostility towards women Benevolent sexism subtle sexism idea that women have a niceness and purity that needs to be protected Chapter 3 Infancy and Childhood Gender Development 0 Ideas at birth are already well formed this idea of socialization of genders starts very early 0 Social construction5m people constructinvent their own versions of reality based on prior expectations or their beliefs Theories of Gender Development a Social Learning Approach Children learn gender related behaviors from other people 0 Children are rewarded for gender appropriate behavior and punished for gender inappropriate behavior 0 Children watch and imitate the behavior of other people of their own gender modeling a The Cognitive Development Approach really centered on thoughts children are very active thinkers that take in all the information they hear 0 Children develop powerful gender schemas general concepts that we use to organize our thoughts 0 Children use gender schemas to evaluate themselves other people and other things children determining what their gender identity is begins very early in age 0 These are reinforces through gender typed activities 0 Chores 0 Toys Factors that Shape Gender Typing parents have the least in uence on children as opposed to media and peers Conversations about emotions parents talk to daughters about other people and their emotions parents don t talk to their sons as much Attitudes about aggression created by society Attitudes about independence mixed research on whether parents foster this these differences are getting smaller with time less in uenced by gender more in uenced by birth order Peers 0 Rejection of nontraditional behavior by adults forcing this on children 0 Gender segregation boys play with boys and girls play with girls 0 Gender prejudice associating with people that are similar to you 0 Differential treatment one example is how girls are judged and treated based on their quotlevel of attractivenessquot School 0 Teachers are more likely to call on boys and give them praise for correct answers rather than girls 0 Raceethnicity and social class play a role in teachers shaping stereotypes The media 0 Marketing of toys 0 Marketing of clothing 0 Television and video games The more TV watching the more stereotypical someone s beliefs will be 0 Books main characters in books tend to be boys rather than girls 21
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