New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here


by: Rebekah Christiansen


Rebekah Christiansen
GPA 3.63

Richard Heyman

Almost Ready


These notes were just uploaded, and will be ready to view shortly.

Purchase these notes here, or revisit this page.

Either way, we'll remind you when they're ready :)

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Richard Heyman
Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in Course

Popular in Geography

This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Rebekah Christiansen on Sunday September 6, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to GRG 356T at University of Texas at Austin taught by Richard Heyman in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 78 views. For similar materials see /class/181645/grg-356t-university-of-texas-at-austin in Geography at University of Texas at Austin.




Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 09/06/15
Brynn Carlile Dr Heyman GRG 356T 7 Introduction to Globalization 30 April 2009 HampM We Try HampM Hennes amp Mauritz AB is a Swedish clothing company that provides generally high quality fashionable clothing at cheap prices Based in Stockholm they have about 1700 stores in 30plus countries and have direct sales operations in selected areas Hoover s Inc In order to keep prices down they don t own any of their own factories and instead buy in bulk from suppliers in various countries However in order to regulate working conditions they put in place a Code of Conduct to be sure that their products are produced under good working conditions HampM They employ 60 auditors to inspect about 800 factories to try and maintain good working conditions They can request changes be made and if the factory isn t meeting their standards they claim that they will stop relations with that factory But as stated on their website the Code of Conduct provide guidelines for the factory because they don t own the factories they can t forcefully impose any rules or regulations they can only suggest changes be made Stated in the Code of Conduct their general rule is that all their suppliers must in all their activities follow the national laws in the countries where they are operating HampM HampM is associated with suppliers primarily from Europe and Asia with about 30 of their clothing manufactured in China They also have many suppliers operating in Bangladesh and an organic cotton clothing line primarily grown and manufactured in Turkey China has been experiencing rapid economic growth and yet the gap between the rich and the poor has widened dramatically They have massive unemployment and unionization is allowed but it is controlled by the state The Social and Economic Policy Institute Bangladesh has also experienced recent growth in GDP but that doesn t necessarily mean the country is benefiting from it They are largely agrarian and manufacturing is considered weak They are suffering from increasing unemployment and high rates of in ation Bangladesh Institute of Labor Studies Turkey has been suffering an economic crisis and has had intervention by the IMF Neoliberal policies have created an atmosphere controlled by privatized companies that have demanded more from their workers and have driven wages down Yeldan All three of these countries have been subject to neoliberal practices resulting in increasing inequalities and falling wages for poor urban and agrarian workers with no social policies in sight They all suffer from increasing unemployment resulting in a rising demand for jobs which in turn drives down wages It also creates an atmosphere in which workers are easily replaceable making it easy for factories to implement practices that can be considered inhumane The Code of Conduct set forth by HampM does try to correct inhumane practices and give workers more rights but they work with so many factories and I find it hard to believe that they are able to regulate all of them Plus since they don t own any of these factories their Code of Conduct is full of shoulds and is considered a set of guidelines rather than the required standard HampM has good intentions in the policies set forth in its Code of Conduct Policies outlined in the CoC include restrictions on child labor safety regulations workers rights working conditions and environmental regulations HampM does not accept child labor HampM They define a child as a person under the age of 15 or 14 in some countries They qualify this ban by saying that if they do nd a child working in a factory they will investigate the child s situation they don t want to put the child in a worse situation so they seek to nd a satisfactory solution HampM sometimes requiring the factory to pay for the child s education They claim that if a supplier doesn t accept this policy on child labor they will sever ties with the factory Safety is a high priority for HampM requiring that buildings be safe for workers and first aid equipment available Basic rights are outlined for workers including the rejection of forced labor a ban on harsh punishments and discrimination freedom of association overtime limits wage stipulations and a request for a free daily meal for workers in developing nations Working condition requirements include restrictions on pollution inside the factory temperature ventilation and lighting restrictions and requirements for sanitary facilities For environmental regulations they require factories to comply with all applicable environmental laws and regulations in the country of operation HampM Which doesn t mean much because many developing countries lower environmental laws to attract companies with lower costs However HampM requires suppliers to sign a Chemical Restriction Commitment confirming that no prohibited chemical substances will be used in the production HampM Restrictions are set by countries with the toughest chemical laws and batches are regularly tested to ensure compliance In enforcing the codes they believe in a policy of trust and cooperation As stated in the CoC they will work with their suppliers to achieve workable solutions taking into consideration cultural differences and other factors which may vary from country to country HampM HampM is taking some measures to control environmental impacts which in turn offer some cost saving opportunities For example working with the Better Cotton Initiative and World Wildlife Fund they have spread information about better cultivation methods and increased their use of organic and fairtrade cotton in their clothing Farmers use natural fertilizers crop rotation and reduce or eliminate the use of pesticides providing better conditions for the planet According to their environment brochure farmers reduce costs because they don t have to pay for chemicals and there is no land depletion HampM also travels to fabric production facilities to try and modify practices to reduce water usage and recycle chemicals Their goal is for suppliers to take on even more responsibility than their local government and HampM require HampM For transportation HampM in association with Green Cargo and other carriers tries to reduce and clean up emissions by using more modern fuelefficient trucks and educating drivers to drive using fuel saving techniques They try to evaluate progress though an annual questionnaire that the truck drivers fill out In addition they have replaced halogen light bulbs in their stores they with ecoconscious HID bulbs and have changed lighting practices in order to conserve energy Finally they reuse all of their hangers and recycle them when they are no longer useful HampM primarily concentrates on these efforts to reduce their impact on the environment Because HampM doesn t own any of their own factories it s hard for them to regulate all activity As stated above the CoC is really a set of guidelines and most suppliers are bound to sacrifice some rules in order to maximize profits There have been a few boycotts and complaints against the company because of the conditions in many of their factories particularly in Bangladesh The National Labor Committee put out a report on the EviteX Factory in Bangladesh claming that out of the 800 workers employed 30 to 40 were under the age of 14 The factory also forces employees to work overtime without adequate compensation 1 112 hours and generally only allows them one or two days off a month Helpers get paid about 85 cents an hour and sewing operators make about 1416 cents an hour both well below subsistence levels There are terrible working conditions in the factory including unsanitary bathrooms unsafe drinking water a hot atmosphere and harsh punishments for not meeting targets EviteX Factory There has been no report of HampM ceasing relations with the factory In 2003 UNITE HERE organized a boycott against HampM for not allowing US workers to unionize and there were concerns about how they treated their workers in Indonesia Neumann In 2004 the dispute reached the National Labor Review Board where they eventually reached an agreement and workers in the New Jersey Distribution center gained the right to unionize there were no reports on the concern for Indonesian workers HampM is also an accredited company in the Fair Labor Association a nonprofit organization dedicated to ending sweatshop conditions in factories worldwide Fair Labor Association According to their Annual Public Report for 2006 HampM received 10 third party complaints mostly about excessive overtime In all cases HampM investigated the complaint 2007 Annual Report HampM is generally a globally conscious company trying to sell cheap and chic clothing while also improving working conditions and environmental sustainability They claim taking responsibility for how their operations affect people and the environment is an essential prerequisite for their continued profitability HampM On the surface their policies are very civilized and humane however it s proven difficult to completely put them into practice


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Janice Dongeun University of Washington

"I used the money I made selling my notes & study guides to pay for spring break in Olympia, Washington...which was Sweet!"

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.