Chicana Studies 1B
Chicana Studies 1B
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This 5 page Reader was uploaded by Deborah Notetaker on Tuesday May 20, 2014. The Reader belongs to a course at University of California Santa Barbara taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 75 views.
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Date Created: 05/20/14
Broke Back Mountain May 13 2014 Iclicker Some consequences of sexual stereotyping are Narrow gender roles for Chicanas and other women narrow gender roles for Chicanos and other men Recall Patriarchal norms eg VW often promote sexual stereotypes 0 Recall Patriarchal norms eg VW often promote sexual stereotypes 0 Def a widely held rigid and oversimplified image or idea of a particular type of person or thing such views exclude read diversity 0 Stereotypes are inaccurate stereotypes can damage and destroy 0 Sexual stereotypes constructed through cultural messaging o elements of everyday cultural life that convey meanings values practices what s said not said stigmatized valorized 0 Sources institutional talk churches schools cultural narratives amp structures stories rules cultural products eg songs games kinds of porn and j okes I Bro Code smart women threaten men s power Hugh Hefner women are sex objects Pornography a source of sex education for boys exposed when they re young gay men are portrayed as feminine for humor devalues womanhood I Lupe s song frat song vulgar Lupe refers to Guadalupe virgin 0 Joke or Cultural Construction 0 Joke amp isolated expression of bad taste 0 Contribution to atmosphere where womanhating misogyny amp racism intersect such that race and gender hierarchies affect everyone 0 Cultural products like Lupe s Song perpetuate destructive sexual stereotypes o Echoes history of violence amp subordination o Repeatssustains stereotypes now 0 Campus Conversations difficult to have 0 Stereotypes of Chicanas amp other women of color as 0 Available obi ects for sexual use by white men many versions 0 Eroticization primarily as sexual o primarily exotic o Blond white women also exoticized amp eroticized in some cultures 0 Acequia Madre Santa Fe 400 years old c 1610 o an irrigation canal 0 Consider ANALOGY socialization encoding of neural pathways in the brain what fires together wires together 0 Your Brain Grey Matter Acequia associative machine w autopilot 1 Messaging discoursesl structuresideas 2 Encoding pathways the ruts in your brain Film a Objectification messaging 3 Internalizationl socialization encoding of message amp associations in the brain forms neural pathways Also forms identity schemes 4 Autopilot system 1 fast modes of perception feeling action via encoding activated by social cues 5 Conscious Cognition system 2 slow thought whore in VW messages sexual stereotypes w objecti cation amp rape 0 Women object for male pleasurestatus 0 Smart women unattractive o Boundaries not set by her 0 Resistance implies consent Why discuss Rape amp Patriarchy It s current life Experience for some Chicanas amp other women 0 Each minute 13 women in the US are forcibly raped 78 rapeshr 1871 day 683000yr 0 2025 of college women will be raped during their collge years 0 Between 5095 of rape victims develop PostTraumatic Stress Disorder Stereotypes can lead to practices of harm amp violence Selena Marsela Selena s mom wanted security amp wanted Abraham to keep his job He quits because of his dream Abraham youre American but also youre also a Mexican deep inside May 15 2014 Stereotypes can lead to practices of harm amp violence 0 Madrigal v Quilligan I Law suit re forced sterilizations of low income Chicanas and Mexicanas in the 1970s 0 Coerced consent 0 NO consent 0 Justified by reference to stereotypes I All victims were minorities coerced while under painkillers many couldn t understand English etc I Stereotypes chicanas have too many babies they re not going to be an asset to society etc 0 Structures Aided Bureaucratic rules amp laws Risks still remain NOW in Sexual Stereotypes 0 Negative sexual stereotypes still exist I At minimum create misunderstandings I At worst lead to rape amp violence o BUT stereotypes can be changed or abandoned amp risks minimized if people I 1 See that they exist amp shape our psvches Gonzalo Rucobo Bay Area Peacekeepers I 2 Try to alter them amp their effects J W VV1ley PHD Masculinity Matters 0 Men even more than women are fettered by gender roles Gloria Anzaldua p 186 According to Chicana scholar Antonia Castaneda Men amp Women have a role in changing sexual stereotypes 0 See Castaneda s list in the reading Castaneda s Suggestions for Resistance Men Women 0 Learn 0 D 0 Work to educate other men about 0 Take a personal stand no matter how their sexism amp its violence unpopular Challenge amp speak out 0 Take political clearly to others against forms of 0 Deternljne the multiple places in SCXlSII1 amp other subordinations which you can perpetuate the 0 structures and discourses of patriarchal power and work instead to change them Iclicker Are people always aware of their own identity schemes amp how they are living them A Yes Always Mostly but can be on autopilotunaware Im not sure what this means Identity is what others say you are so yes No Housekeeping amp Concepts 0 Agency capacityalways Opportunity can be constrained 0 Sexual Orientation V Gender V Anatomy Gloria Anzaldua o Chicana feminist thinker Author of BorderLands Mestiza Consciousness from life in the Borderlands 0 living multiple identities not easily fit to each other 0 Negotiating multiple identities in different situations amp crossing social borders La Mestiza lives in multiple spheres that may clash 0 Each multiple identity shceme is a reference frame for seeing thinking feeling acting o Encoded social scripts amp Point Of View 0 Can clash amp contradict I Ex Latina lesbian Catholic I Ex Gentleman Bro Border Crossing 0 Defn social life that included crossing social boundaries between groups esp andor groups socially constructed as separated in con ict or as binaries Teresa Maid s Daughter is a mesliza amp border crosser 0 Studies ethnicity class and gender identity WW0 0 Teresa s early life history 0 Juarez to Los Angeles bom and raised first 3 years in Mexico 0 In her first 3 years Carmen her mother is supporting the whole household 0 First 3 years formative years first 3 years Teresa is doted on by her mother aunts and grandmother 0 Carmen amp Teresa move to LA And find work as a livein maid with the Smiths o Suddenly Teresa is being told not to speak Spanish I Teasing Say ishh Fish no es pescado I Restrictions gender I Carmen s lower social status 0 Teresa privileged identities too 0 Surrogate daughter to the Smiths I Tuition amp In uence 0 Creates the illusion that they re paying for her tuition when they re actually paying for Carmen s work 0 Creates the illusion that they have parental in uence I Carmen s Illness 0 They give Teresa a room upstairs gives her a higher social status than her mother 0 Teresa is used to create an even numbered table at Thanksgiving her mother is serving her 0 Teresa crosses classethnic social worlds 0 Teresa w privileged amp subordinated identity statuses I She learns how to navigate in the upper class world 0 Can Carmen Border Cross too I No she has her place as the maid 0 Teresa in ChicanaMexicana culture 0 Critical of I Parenting I Materialism 0 Different cultural rules I Esp gender 0 Gender roles varying w some overlap 0 Financial responsibility vs dependence With Carmen s friends they re all primary breadwinners Among the Smiths the women are all dependent of the men 1 But male privilege free of domestic labor 2 Beauty Norms Spa culture vs restrictive female modesty 0 Teresa crosses vorders of both worlds amp negotiates multiple social identities o This involves I Shifting among different identities I Critical assessment reject amp accept of elements I Forging hybrid or svncretic approaches to life from different spheres o Mestiza Consciousness vantage points across social borders 0 Competence in 2 social worlds not one 0 Multiple IDs amp border crossing to social change 0 Romero o Anzaldua possible selftransformation amp social change 0 TeresaYou as a Border Crosser How does shedid you learn 0 Different social identities 0 To negotiate multiple identities amp their contradictions in different contexts 0 To negotiate heryour place in diff relations of subordination amp privilege
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