J1100 The Knowledge Problem
J1100 The Knowledge Problem 1100
Popular in Principles of American Journalism
Popular in Journalism and Mass Communications
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kathryn Hardison on Sunday February 28, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 1100 at University of Missouri - Columbia taught by Marina Hendricks in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 23 views. For similar materials see Principles of American Journalism in Journalism and Mass Communications at University of Missouri - Columbia.
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Date Created: 02/28/16
J1100 The Knowledge Problem Journalistic Truth o How do we provide the truth? The sortingout of information Clear out misinformation and bias, then let communication react Conversation o What’s missing? Complexity and context This ends with a narrow conception of the truth The Inverted Pyramid o News is transmitted in order of importance Most important information (5 W’s and H) Supporting details (quotes) Background details General details Least important o Pros Recognize structure for audience and journalists Routine practice Boosts news judgment Pushes journalist to write well Good leads and nut grafs o Cons Mediumcentric Works best in print Dated So many ways to tell stories now Frontloads information Superficial o Lack of complexity Lippmann Journalism doesn’t work with complexity We have problems making a small vocab express a complex world Journalists have too many judgments to make in too little time (Patterson) Flashes of insight, questionable assertion Journalists’ Challenge o Lack of foundation of disciplinary, systematic knowledge Examples: law and medicine o Journalists need one more tool: Knowledge Lack of Knowledge o Drawbacks Autonomy is less than being protected Judgment is less than being informed Facts are communicated by others Public officials o Consistent, lend authority to stories Manipulation o You know less than the person you’re interviewing He said/she said journalism Stenography o Just writing down and not asking deep questions Knowledge o “… the more precise the system of record, the more precise the news coverage.” o Less precise system of records leads to a less precise news coverage Ex: change of obesity coverage Statistical coverage can help frame an issue Get it Right o Accuracy improves with more knowledge Ex: 538 (Nate Silver) The # of electors in the Electoral College Political and sports statistics ESPN o Hutchins Commission Comprehensive account of the day’s events o How can we get systematic knowledge? Take a class, study To be in the know, you have to know You can learn skills, but not knowledge Patterson pg. 74 “… it’s harder to come up with valid explanations…” Patterson is saying that it’s all about context o Knowledge is the starting point and end product o The goal Be more than a “common carrier” Don’t be manipulated by sources “Unless reporters have a sense of where the truth resides, they find themselves in the position of ‘common carriers, transmitters of other people’s ideas and thoughts, irrespective of import, relevance, and at times even accuracy.’’” o What can lead us down this path? Internet Easy to make mistakes and have wrong information “The Internet is at once a gold mine of solid content and a hellhole of misinformation.” We rely on the Internet too much Injection of knowledge is greater than the application of knowledge Journalism is not a tidy discipline. It focuses on anything and everything. We cover it all and it’s messy but knowledge is key. o “Journalism is not a tidy discipline, nor are its subjects narrowly defined.” Takeaways o Great journalism simplifies complicated stories without changing it o Benefits of knowledge Guidance Proportion Verification Truth Plausibility o We have to do more than observe Don’t add what wasn’t there Don’t deceive the audience Be transparent Rely on your own reporting Exercise humility
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