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Intimate Relationships Chapter 1 Notes

by: Kathryn Hardison

Intimate Relationships Chapter 1 Notes HDFS 1610

Marketplace > University of Missouri - Columbia > HDFS > HDFS 1610 > Intimate Relationships Chapter 1 Notes
Kathryn Hardison
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chapter 1 notes for intimate relationships
Intimate Relationships and Marriage
Class Notes




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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kathryn Hardison on Sunday February 28, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HDFS 1610 at University of Missouri - Columbia taught by in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 33 views. For similar materials see Intimate Relationships and Marriage in HDFS at University of Missouri - Columbia.


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Date Created: 02/28/16
Intimate Relationships­ Chapter 1 Notes  The Nature of Intimacy o Six Ways Intimate Relationships Differ  Knowledge  Knowledge about each other (histories, feelings, preferences)  Care  Have more affection for one person than most others  Intimacy increases when people believe their partners know,  understand, and appreciate them  Interdependence  What each partner does affects the other  Frequent, strong, diverse, and enduring  Mutuality  Being an “us” instead of “me”  Trust  The expectation that an intimate partner will treat one fairly and  honorably  Commitment  Investing time, effort, and resources  Without commitment, knowledge and interdependence lessens  Not all of these are required but the happiest intimate relationships do  The Need to Belong o Definition  A basic need for closeness to others o How it Affects Us  We need frequent, pleasant interactions with intimate partners in lasting,  caring relationships to function normally  We don’t need a lot of close relationships, just a few  When the need to belong is satisfied, our desire to form more relationships decreases  It doesn’t matter who it is, as long as our need to belong is satisfied o Biologically  We live longer, healthier, and happier  People with insufficient intimacy are at risk for many health problems o Mentally  Problems like depression improve o Why?  Possibly evolved over time  Personality Traits o 5 Basic Traits  Extraversion  Outgoing, assertive, sociable  Neuroticism  Prone to high levels of negativity like worry, anxiety, anger  Agreeableness  Compassionate, cooperative, and trusting  Conscientiousness  Industrious, dependable, and orderly  Openness to experience  Imaginative, unconventional, and artistic  The Influence of Culture o The 1960s  People married in their 20s  Babies and cohabitation waited for marriage  Breadwinner and homemaker o Now  Less marriages  Marrying at an older age (26 or older)  Living together before marriage  Babies before marriage  50% of marriages end in divorce  Many single­parent homes  More mothers are breadwinners AND homemakers o How it Affects Us  Cultural standards provide a foundation for our relationships  More people find it acceptable to live together before marriage to “see  what it’s like”  On average, people who cohabitate are less committed than those who  marry because they are keeping their options open  Less cohabitance leads to less enthusiasm about marriage, which leads to  less care about divorce  Sources of Change o Economics  Educational and financial resources allow people to be more independent  and some women don’t marry because of this o Individualism  The focus on self­realization has led to the expectance of more  gratification (fewer hassles and sacrifices)  We aren’t as hesitant to end relationships to search for someone else o Technology  Women can pick sperm from a catalog  Sex ratio: a simple count of the number of men for every 100 women in a  specific population  High sex ratios (more men) leads to traditional men and women  roles  Low sex ratios leads to non­traditional men and women roles o Ex: Roaring 20s  The Influence of Experience o Attachment Styles  Secure  Relying on others comfortable with relaxed trust  Anxious­Ambivalent  Having mixed feelings, being uncertain of when someone will  return and displaying excessive neediness  Avoidant  Being suspicious of new people and don’t easily trust people  Your attachment styles develop from relationships with caregivers  These styles describe how we approach relationships  Are we open? Cautious? Anxious?  Bartholomew o Four Categories of Attachment Styles  Secure  Preoccupied  Same as anxious­ambivalent  Renamed because people are preoccupied with the status of their  relationships  Fearful  Avoidant  Dismissing  You just don’t care  The Influence of Individual Differences o Sex Differences  Mars vs. Venus stereotypes o Gender Differences  Gender roles  Androgynous  Masculine traits are instrumental traits  Feminine traits are expressive traits o Personality  Positive, agreeable, extraverted people have happier relationships o Self­esteem  The Influence of Human Nature o Parental Investment o Paternity Uncertainty


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