FOUNDATIONS SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY
FOUNDATIONS SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY PSY 394V
Popular in Course
Popular in Psychlogy
This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Marco Wolf on Monday September 7, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 394V at University of Texas at Austin taught by James Pennebaker in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 35 views. For similar materials see /class/181800/psy-394v-university-of-texas-at-austin in Psychlogy at University of Texas at Austin.
Reviews for FOUNDATIONS SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 09/07/15
EvaMaria Gortner Social Psychology of Language Use Sept 17 2001 Walter Weintraub 1 Basic Assumptions gt lt gt lt Weintraub started by examining the speech of his patients and correlated speaking styles with thinking and behaving Patterns of speech re ect important personality traits and how people deal with stress Main use of verbal behavior analysis diagnosis of disorders and assessment of treatment response in psychoanalytic therapy Examples 1 He found that impulsive inpatients and binge eaters used a lot more adversative expressions but however nevertheless than a group of normal control subjects W eintraub amp Aronson 1964 1969 Adversative expressions undoing in psychoanalytic terms 2 Obsessivecompulsive and delusional individuals have been found to use more causal words explanatory expres Explanatory 39 sions Weintraub amp Aronson 1965 1974 39 quot 39 inr quotterms r Collection of Verbal Data Weintraub was primarily interested to examine verbal mannerisms as a way of determining how people cope with stress therefore he gathered samples of speech under moderately stressful conditions He instructed his subjects to speak uninterruptedly for 10 minutes about any subj ect he or she thought difficult yet manageable For the analysis of an individual minimle of 5000 words is sufficient ie Presidents 111 Categories of Verbal Behavior Analysis 15 Categories he also likes to call them grammatical structures 1 2 9 gt19 13 17 high selfpreoccupation low detachment M Interesting distinctions The we used in impersonal ways We won the Gulf War indicates a detached and impersonal manner of speaking High we low 1 avoidance of intimacy commitment and responsibility especially when nonpersonal references are high m 7 most intimate of personal pronouns may re ect passivity Negative 7 may reflect denial and stubbornness Qualifiers 7 includes expressions of uncertainty 1 think modifiers that weaken statements kind of spooky and phrases of vagueness we enjoyed what you might call an evening of relaxation Retractors 7 but although nevertheless Direct References 7 to a persons listening b conditions under which the speaker is speaking ie limited time c physical surroundings Explainers are equal LIWC s causal words because therefore High amount may indicate rationalizing low amount may appear dogmatic and insensitive Expression of feeling 7 all emotion words except impersonal statements It was a terrifying incident expression of interest physical sensations and conditional feelings Evaluators 7 expressions of judgment ie best won t work sinful should right nice High use indicates psychopathology Adverbial Intensi ers 7 any adverbs that increase the force of a statement ie really so extremely Nonpersonal references 7 clauses that refer to people not known to the speaker also include impersonal pronouns universal subjects ie one references to animals Optional categories creative expressions rhetorical questions interruptions 1V Focus on Selected Categories A Emotions Weintraub found that emotional expression goes way beyond the use of emotion words The following categories were experimentally confirmed to convey emotion EvaMaria Gortner Social Psychology of Language Use Sept 17 2001 B C The use of 1 rather than we Adverbial intensifiers absolutely really 7 marker for gender Direct references Can you help Vs Can somebody help Expressions of feeling Active rather than passive voice Personal references use of names rather than pronouns Commands 8 Evaluators excellent wonderful horrible Depressed patients use more 1 direct references evaluators adverbial intensifiers expression of feeling and the present tense Passive expressions such as high use of me are also present SQEJ HeP NE Intimacy and Familiarity Main indicator elliptical expressions Ellipsis the omission of a word or words from a sentence that would complete the meaning of the statement It depicts shared knowledge Ex The marathon is on the 15 Elliptical expressions along with body movements and vocalization achieve intimacy through the exclusion of others Verbal Re ections of Personality Personalitv traits that are reflected by choices Anxious Disposition 7 many first person singular references selfpreoccupation explainers and negatives selfdefensiveness expression of feeling evaluators and adverbial intensifiers difficulty containing emotion direct references pleas for help 2 Moodiness 7 high use of any indicators of emotion see above low use indicates an emotionally controlled speaker 3 Angg Disposition 7 absence of qualifiers high use of negatives rhetorical questions and direct references 4 Oppositional Trait high use of negatives 5 Controlling Behavior 7 low use of feelings and qualifiers evidence of extensive preparation 6 Histrionic 7 high use of adverbial intensifiers and evaluators 7 Achievement oriented 7 frequent use of personal pronouns in active voice 1 we and infrequent use of qualifiers careful planning and decisiveness 8 Domineering behavio 7 use a lot of commands verbosity connectives such as qualifiers retractors and explainers interruptions and obscenities 9 Resilience 7 the ability of a speaker to lose and then regain his or her verbal style during the course of an interview or several interviews Autonomy 7 low scores in emotion categories low direct references and rhetorical questions all expressing the need for independence from others H O D Spontaneity E According to Weintraub s psychoanalytic orientation progress in therapy is marked by increases in verbal spontaneity Markers for spontaneity qualifying phrases 1 think sort of probably In experiments of spontaneous speech frequency of qualifying phrases is a measure of difficulty in retrieving memories from longterm storage and encoding them into acceptable language Other reasons for using qualifiers indecisiveness as a personality trait anxiety Anger and enthusiasm are inversely related to qualifiers use Decision Making Patients who are incapacitated by compulsive rituals often have difficulty making the most routine decisions Their speech reflects more qualifiers and retractors I don I think it s hopeless or anything but it s sort of nebulous Paranoid patients use many qualifiers but few retractors Maybe I should distract my mind and get my mind on interests of something else of another nature thatl may be able to completely get the thought out of my mind
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'