RUS 100 Notes Week of 2/22/16
RUS 100 Notes Week of 2/22/16 637747
Pennsylvania State University Altoona
Popular in Russian 100
Sarah Jessica Harris
verified elite notetaker
Popular in Russian
This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sarah Jessica Harris on Sunday February 28, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 637747 at Pennsylvania State University Altoona taught by Irene Hurd in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 32 views. For similar materials see Russian 100 in Russian at Pennsylvania State University Altoona.
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Date Created: 02/28/16
Russian 100 Notes for Week of 2/22/16 ● Why was Gorbachev popular in his country? ended the cold war gave his people their freedoms and individual rights ● Why was Gorbachev unpopular in his country? breakup of the Soviet Union and its collapse lost their world influence no longer a global power ● After Gorbachev left, Yeltsin came in and made it worse ● Yeltsin brought corruption, unemployment, crime, ethnic wars, start of terrorism, etc… ● Chaos within Russia, the “Wild East” ● There was no anthem in the 90’s until a group made an anthem with old Russian Opera music. Russian athletes complained about it, it meant nothing to anyone. When Putin became president, he had the anthem remade. ● Everyone wanted to do business in the United States. Everyone wanted to come to the United States. ● Those who wanted to come to the US and do business, needed an invitation before they were allowed to come over ● The US won’t let Russia forget that they lost the Cold War (Russians hate this because it shows a lack of respect). ● What would be the new role of the US now that the threat of communism was over? Because it is a unipolar world, the US wanted to remind the rest of the world who was in power and why. United States jumps into little wars, until 9/11 when we declare war on terrorism. ● NATO’s number one enemy is now Russia (US is the leader of NATO) ● More spies in Russia in the 90’s than ever before, since ● Shock Therapy: The lifting of all price controls (lifting of all subsidi government lifts all price controls, result is hyper inflation. Inflation rate in 1992 was 2000% ● The result of having no communism Russians have hope for the world (they think they will live like rich Americans) 42% of the population ended up living at or below the poverty line by 1999 population of Russia itself, fell significantly. More people were dying than were giving birth (alcoholism, stress, etc…) people had fewer children homicide rates skyrocketed suicide rate tripled (more than half the deaths in the military were suicide) life expectancy dropped (lowest 57 for men) average pension lowered significantly incurable tuberculosis ran rampant through prisons the mafia rose concern in the west, over rogue scientists selling nuclear/chemical/bio weapon warfare technology (plutonium was being sold at one point) ● ***Russians greatest fear then and now is poverty (fear of the average Russian) ● 1998 Economic Crash stock market crash Ruble devaluation (rubles could not be converted to another currency new prime minister not confirmed Banking crisis Nothing could go through the banks ● Banks made money by raising interest rates ● Government owed around 50 billion dollars and could not pay the banks ● Russians were lining up outside of the banks but couldn’t get there money ● Many banks were unable to re open after this ● Yeltsin fires his prime minister. Parliament has had enough. ● Yeltsin was in poor health and the people were worried about him dying and being left with no president and no prime minister ● This was the second time that people lost everything. Those who put money into the banks, lost everything ● Many people working in the financial sector, were laid off (mostly men) ● Major reason why many did not want to leave Russia, was because they had Russian girlfriends ● Everyone wanted dollars (American dollars) ● Russians had to iron their American Dollar bills before they used them. They had to be crisp, new, preferably 100 dollar bills, or else you would not be able to exchange ● Why was the government broke? government was not collecting taxes most of the economy (at least ¾) depended on a bartering system capitol flight (money leaving the country) ● Most people had two or three jobs (used your car as a taxi, women cleaned other people's homes, tutoring, hairstyling in one's own kitchen, selling on the streets, etc) ● Every single person said they could put up with anything and everything, as long as it’s not war ● What brought them back from economic slump? Oil, their number one export ● The government cared nothing about its citizens ● The Russian people are tough and adaptable, they find a way to survive ● One of the best consequences of the crash of 98 the Russian industry came back to life boost in the production of Russian made products ● When Putin becomes president, he makes a lot of promises. In the beginning, he starts taking away certain freedoms. promised order (the rule of law) promised to restore Russia as a great and respected nation ● The beginning of anti American feelings expansion of NATO, eastward (Poland, Hungary, Czech Republic, ect...) Russia feared for their security. America had promised Gorbachev that NATO would never expand eastward. In 1997, US asked Yeltsin if it was ok. US promised not to place missiles. Yeltsin believed this, signed on it with NATO. As a result, when Putin came into power, he increased military spending by 50%. End Material for Test 2
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