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by: Brett Skiles


Brett Skiles
GPA 3.69

Charles Berg

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About this Document

Charles Berg
Class Notes
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Popular in Radio Television Film

This 10 page Class Notes was uploaded by Brett Skiles on Monday September 7, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to RTF 314 at University of Texas at Austin taught by Charles Berg in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see /class/181819/rtf-314-university-of-texas-at-austin in Radio Television Film at University of Texas at Austin.




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Date Created: 09/07/15
RTF 314 10122010 65800 PM THE CREATION OF THE MOVIE MUSICAL o Problem How to make a performance cinematic The Broadway Melody 1929 st Bessie Love o Best Picture Academy Award 1929 o Note proscenium filming of stage performance Busby Berkeley 18951976 c Choreographer and director Poetics stylistic elements o Aesthetics vs poetics o Aesthetics style planned in advance by filmmaker o Poetics style deduced by film historian or critic The Poetics of Berkeley s Films Music as geometric pattern 0 attempt to make music visual 0 Gold Diggers of 1933 1933 Footlight Parade 1933 Dames 1934 Berkeley movies Diagetic music motivates numbers 0 diagetic music from an identifiable source within story world music does not just come out of nowhere Musical numbers independent of story often a 2 director story Clever transitions using relational editing 0 GOAL make long musical numbers look like 1continuous shot 0 Relational editing common subject movement color Cinematic camera 0 a camera enters performance space or o b performers enter camera space 0 c overhead shots taking camera beyond Eroticism 0 showed the showgirls changing in real time behind a thin screen you could see their silhouettes 0 very sexual and suggestive H o N 0 PW 0 U1 0 O Fred Astaire 18991987 amp Ginger Rogers 19111995 c Swing Time 1935 o D George Stevens 0 Astaire Rogers amp Hermes Pan 0 Note last long take 135 when they are dancing for manager to prove she is a good dance teacher AstaireRogers Poetics Nondiagetic music Music amp dance integral to story 0 often developed story songs amp dancesromance amp courtship Proscenium Moving camera it was a mix Long shots 0 to capture entirety of dancers routines Long takes 0 to maintain performance flow 0 to showcase talent H Iquot 0 PW 0 U1 FRENCH CINEMA 19201940 c experimental art film coexists with commercial cinema o post WWI French commercial cinema in crisis Part I The Roots of Experimental Film o French AvantGarde Cinema 19201930 Dada c From late 1910s to mid 1920s o Founded in NYC amp Switzerland c 1 Ridicule amp abolish o accepted norms o traditional art o Goals o 2 Liberate art form the representational imperative o need for recognizable imagery o nonrepresentational o abstract o advocated appreciation of formal elements o EmakBakia A Cine Poem 1926 d Man Ray 0 Music I Zimbra Dada poem put to music by Talking Heads Surrealism o The Surrealist Manifesto 1924 by Andre o Reality conscious waking state o Conscious waking state Unconscious dream state o Unconscious super reality or surreality Surrealism s Goals o 1 Celebrate the irrational o 2 Expand the idea of reality o 3 Shock amp Scandalize o Un Chien Andalou 1926 d Luis Bunuel o Sc Bunuel amp Salvador Dali RTF 314 10122010 65800 PM John Ford 18951973 amp the Unresolved Dialectic o born Sean Feeney o took the name Ford when he went to Hollywood o never forgot his Irish roots o won 4 best director awards only one to do so Documentary Directed by John Ford 1971 2006 d Peter Bogdanovich Five directors on Ford o Clint Eastwood o Steven Spielberg o Martin Scorsese o Walter Hill o Peter Bogdanovich o opening from o The Searchers 1956 Ford s Poetics 1 Key thematic tension between a Outsider identifying with ethnics ampother minority groups b Insider Results in dualistic view of American history o Triumph ampTragedy 2 recurring situational motifs a motif repeated situation or image with special meaning i song and dance 1 celebrates strength amp unity of outsider community NOTE What happens to camp dance in The Grapes of Wrath If you are trying to break up the song and dance then you were the bad guy ii parades military marching 1 celebrates communal pride 3 recurring dialectical compositional motifs o A light vs dark hopeful triumphant troubled tragic o dp Gregg Toland o The Grapes of Wrath 1940 Darkness sadness o B foreground vs background 0 Emphasizing distance From us LS sad shot From each other isolation n Staging to emphasize exaggerate loss a Shot selection to emphasize loss separationELS n Mise en scene amp shot selection emphasize loss separation o Stagecoach 1939 d John Ford st John Wayne Claire Trevor a note tension between togetherness and seperation mise en scene reinforces narrative o C framing with doorways and windows 0 Frames within frames Focus attention Adding depth 0 Enteringleaving o Greetingfarewell o Beginningending o Important Transitions 0 Life togetherness amp separation 4 Key recurring themes o a loss is inevitable o b qualified happy endings 0 most Hollywood films equilibrium quot9 disturbance quot9 return to equilibrium o Ford s films equilibrium is never completely restored 0 Which qualified happy ending 5 Humanism o focused on people over events on character over plot RTF 314 10122010 65800 PM Exam 2 MOVED to Thursday November 4th Exam 2 Screenings Singin in The Rain Citizen Kane John Ford Sean Feeney 1895 1973 finishing from last lecture Summary of Ford s Style o Situational motifs o Compositional motifs 0 Low key lighting 0 Composition in depth 0 Framing o Recurring themes 5 Humanism o focused on people over events on character over plot o Drums Along the Mohawk 1939 o D John Ford Starring Henry Fonda Claudette Colbert The farewell a Male heroism vs female suffering 6 Chronicles the American experience as conflicted o Triumph vs tragedy o Legend vs fact o Glory vs shame Camera Angles John Ford uses camera angles to switch views o Used to signal who has power or vulnerability 0 Who is controlling and who is Unable to control 3 basic types o eye level power neutral 0 viewer and character at equal height 0 promotes viewer identification o high angle 0 looks down on character 0 diminishes importance agency of character 0 high angle shot LS diminishes power o low angle 0 looks up at character 0 gives power dominance to character Life togetherness amp Separation the ultimate unresolved dialectic Unlike most Hollywood films in Ford happiness is always accompanied by loss sadness Eg The Grapes of Wrath French Cinema in 3 parts Part 11 Experiments in Commercial Film The Passion of Joan of Arc 1927 o D Carl Dreyer Impressionist Film o First experimental French film movement o Louis Delluc The French cinema must be cinema the French cinema must be Frenc o In practice narrative films with experimental elements Abel Gance 18891981 Visionary director c Member of impressionist group o La Roue The Wheel 1922 o 2 years before Eisenstein s Strike his first film 0 3 before The Battleship Potemkin c He uses an editing technique that is way ahead of its time 0 Flash Cut short quick shot 0 Flash cut montage o 48 SHOTS IN 5 SECONDS Napoleon 1927 D amp sc Abel Gance o 6 hours long o Part 1 of unfinished 6part bio o Restored in 1981 83 2000 o The most extensive use of experimental techniques in any film o Ends in widescreen tryptech that he calls polyvision o 3 separate cameras 3 separate shots For one panoramic shot 0 Juxtaposed different images with 3 cameras Part III Jean Renoir 18941979 I m tryng to discover human beingsand sometimes I do Most important French director of 19305 c Son of impressionist painter PierreAugust Renoir Jean Renoir s Poetics 1 Realism o real locations natural sound o implies respect for nature for authentic over artificial o Boudu Saved from Drowning 1932 o D Jean Renoir 0 Real location shooting on streets of Paris RTF 314 10122010 65800 PM Renoir Therefore an inclusive style that seeks to capture EVERYTHING o Long takes o Moving camera o Deep focus o Moving actors Renoir s Poetics 4 Humanism o non judgmental o knowing yet accepting tolerant o I m trying to discover human beings and sometimes I do The River 1951 D Jean Renoir o Reflection on the birth of a child Legacy o 1 Style an alternative to Hollywood s continuity editing style o 3 Influenced Indian Filmmaker o Satyajit Ray 19211922 0 He ends up making a trilogy 0 First film Pather Panchali 1955 Note how Ray adopted elements of Renoir s style a 1 Deep focus a 2 Long takes a 3 Moving camera actors n 4 Appreciation of nature Ray also adopted elements of Neorealism 2 broad Types of Editing o based on pioneer French film critic amp theorist Andre Bazan Analytical Montage o Break scene into component parts shoot amp edit multiple shots o Examples 0 Hollywood continuity style 0 Soviet montage o Continuity editing 0 1 Shot progression 0 2 180 axis rule always shoot form one side of action Deep Focus Style o less cutting action plays out in LSs and Long takes o examples 0 Jean Renoir o Orson Welles Orson Welles 19151985 Child prodigy o Very talented Experienced in o 1 Theater 0 forms his own production company at age 22 The Mercury Players o 2 Radio 0 A perfects narrative economy adapting condensing o B manipulation of sound as narrative device Experiments with Narration o A Fresh approaches to old stories 0 eg Macbeth with an allblack cast Voodoo Macbeth 1936 eg Julius Caesar Caesar 1937 set in contemporary fascist Italy 0 O O


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