History Notes, Week 6 Notes
History Notes, Week 6 Notes
Popular in History of World Civ II
Popular in History
This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Tatyana Mims on Sunday February 28, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to at Southern Illinois University Carbondale taught by Wiesen in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 36 views. For similar materials see History of World Civ II in History at Southern Illinois University Carbondale.
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Date Created: 02/28/16
Latin America Independence I. Latin America around 1800 II. Causes of Independence III. Haitian Independence IV. Independence Movements in Central & South America V. Post Independence: Problems & Challenges VI. Conclusion Key Term Toussaint L’Ouverture Father Miguel de Hidalgo Simon Bolivar Jose de San Martin Caudillos Monroe Doctrine – 1823 Mexican-American War (1846-1848) Latin America around 1800 Agricultural- caught up in Atlantic economy Did not include participatory government; highly centralized states had created dependence and resentments Rise of European and American industrial capitalism was placing them in a dependent economic position Class and regional interests led to territorial and social divisions; wealth unequally distributed o Independence might be able to change something Plantations owners o Feel resentment; oppressed o Time to create own fate Want independence without destroying their status Causes of Independence Enlightenment- ideas of progress, reform, representational government o Whites o People of color American Revolution provided model of colonial rebellion o Successful rebellion o If they can break from the British then we can break from the… French Revolution offered revolutionary ideology, but rejected by elites as too racial politically and socially- ideas of equality, killing of the king, etc. o Risk going too far Confused political situation in Spain and Portugal caused by French invasion-prolonged Civil War in Spain- this allowed some freedom in the peripheries o Napoleon Slave Rebellion in the French Island of St. Domingue o Haiti Haitian Independence 1791- Black slaves & freed blacks rise up against the conditions of their country 100-200 slaves on plantations Blacks conducted their own business even had slaves themselves o Denied official post o No nobility o Whites resented the freed Blacks French Rev. o Toussaint L’Ouverture Leader of slave uprising Successful slave rebellion Against their masters 3 years of fighting Master of the Island Napoleon changes his mind about Toussaint Reversed declaration of emancipation Arrested & died in prison o Spanish & British try to intervene o Blacks fight along with French once slavery is over Enslaved by French began to feel like French Defending French territory against invaders French turn on slaves Haiti o Land of the high mountain o Second republic o End of Napoleon dream of empire in America o Revenge attacks on whites The clearing out of whites o British abolish slave trade Not slavery but slave trade Independence Movements Father Miguel de Hidalgo o Lets all as future independent Mexicans fight against o Lots of sex, children o Didn’t believe in hell o Opened jails to recruit for priest army o Started a movement o Betrayed & captured by Spaniards o Beheaded and put on pole for a decade to make a point of betrayal Mexico became a republic Simon Bolivar o White enlite o Revolt led by wealthy officer o Appeal to fellow whites & all people (mixed) o 1817-1922 won victories Jose de San Martin o Freed up territories o Form independent countries o Uprisings against Spain Post-Independence Social Inequality o Many leaders share ideas but lots of variations o No attack on catholic church o Slavery abolished but freed blacks still not treated better o Creoles feared losing control o Many women fought but gained little ground Voting Holding office Public education Political Instability o Caudillos Intervene in politics Take over local control (corrupted) Keeping people quiet Call the shots Relations with the United States o Anxiety about new countries o Declared territory o Mexican-American War Over Texas 1846-1848 United States forces were victorious Monroe Doctrine o Sold to Us The Industrial Revolution I. Introduction/Definition II. Why in Great Britain? III. Symbols of the IR a. The Factory b. Cotton c. Railroads IV. Social Consequences a. Urbanization b. Overcrowding and Disease c. Social Classes Key Term Population Revolution Entrepreneur Pulling-Out system Working Class/Proletariat Middle Class/Bourgeoisie Luddites Introduction/Definition The first historical breakthrough from an agrarian, handicrafts economy to one dominated by industrial and machine manufacture Three features of the Industrial Revolution (IR) o SKILL (Substitution of human skill with mechanical devices) o POWER (Substitution of human and animal strength with inanimate power- especially steam) o PRODUCTIVITY (Improvement in getting and working of raw materials) more money=more demands=more jobs Why Great Britain Advanced trade and transportation system o 1760 massive renovations, canal constructions Population Revolution o 1750 huge boom! Better food Lowered child death rate Higher birth rate Clothing, housing, furniture Enclosure Movement o Landlords starting to confine land from neighbors o Take control of labor on their land New Entrepreneurs o Brains on IR o Supply the needs Symbols of the IR Factory o Grouping of labor under one roof o Earliest factory was the home Factory in your own home Putting-Out System Entrepreneurs o Deliver the material to families Men Women Children o Grouping labors to the skills Cotton o Premiere industry o Replaced wool o More than a million people Railroads o Coal and iron o About speed and excitement o Sign of progress and hope and boundless economics o Eliminated our sense of space and time Social Consequences Urbanization o Population increased massively o Cities with 100.000 or more people o Children toiling in mines Overcrowding and disease o Vomiting, diarrhea, cholera Social Classes o Middle classes Owned too much o Working classes o Luddites Destroyed machines Burned down mills
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