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by: Malvina Orn


Malvina Orn
GPA 3.77


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About this Document

Class Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Malvina Orn on Monday September 7, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PHY 101L at University of Texas at Austin taught by Staff in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see /class/181838/phy-101l-university-of-texas-at-austin in Physics 2 at University of Texas at Austin.


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Date Created: 09/07/15
1994 Zapatista Uprising On January 1 1994 armed indigenous rebels occupied several cities in Chiapas On January 2 they retreated and on January 12 President Salinas declared a ceasefire and appointed a Commission for Peace and Reconciliation Enabled Chiapas to develop better infrastructure and armed forces Their leadership announced that they were the Zapatista Army ofNational Liberation Ejercito Zapatista de Liberacion Nacional EZLN or E2 Mostly always an indigenous movement not ethnic The government and the Zapatistas negotiated the San Andres Accords in 1996 but the reform that passed in 2001 only partially followed the accords When we talk ab out politics in Mexico we re talking ab out rural areas usually indigenous where 40 or the population or so of indigenous people reside Chiapas RuralUrban divide Causes The End of Land Reform Article 27 of the 1917 Mexican Constitution provided for land reform by providing for ejidos communal land grants to villages In January 1992 the Mexican Congress passes President Carlos Sanilas plan to amend the constitution to end land reform o No new ejidos would be granted 0 Existing ejidos would be divided into lots owned individually that could be bought and sold Many indigenous people in Chiapas viewed the news of the reform as a sign Lots of land occupied by farmers that were too small by states a lot ofpeople got land appropriated to them Uprising was semisuccessful Causes Migration to the Selva Lacandona Population growth in the Altos region of Chiapas led to migration by young people to other regions of the state Those who migrated to the Selva Lacandona built new more egalitarian communities Some of these communities would provide the backbone of the Zapatista movement 1980 s people were expelled from these communities who converted to Catholicism 98 come from the Pri pronounced prix Causes Bishop Samuel Ruiz and the role of the Church John Womack focuses on the role that the Church played in Chiapas and how the actions of Bishop Ruiz led the indigenous poor to feel that they are quotsubjects of their lives Bishop Ruiz quoted in Womack 1999 23 Role of Bishop Samuel Ruiz 19242011 Catechists and new organizations Causes The Role of Leftists Organizations Various leftist revolutionary organizations tried to recruit followers in the Selva region of Chiapas Members of the Proletarian Line LP and the Forces of National Liberation FLN competed with local compesino organizations including the Union of Unions ARIC the Mexican Communist Party s Farm Workers and Peasants Independent Central CIOAC the Emiliano Zapata Independent National Peasant Alliance ANCIEZ and the Emiliano Zapata Peasant Organization OCEZ to organize indigenous populations FLN members including Subcomandante Marcos broke away from the national leadership of the organization and become founding members of the EZ Continued Presence of the Zapatistas Zapatistas didn t get what they wanted Zapatista movement far more than a leftist movement Have strong Catholic ideals as well as indigenous motives The Zapatista movement declared autonomous communities in areas they dominate in Chiapas While the Zapatistas continue to have a major presence in the state they are isolated from other groups don t vote They boycott elections and reject national politics and political parties starting in the 90s Even though Chiapas weren t that successful provided an opening in Mexico on the national level to talk about Indigenous movements very important


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