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2 weeks of american revolution material

by: Jwhitney

2 weeks of american revolution material HIS 315K

Marketplace > Arkansas Tech University > History > HIS 315K > 2 weeks of american revolution material
Arkansas Tech University

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About this Document

Most of the notes will be covered on the next exam.
American Revolution era
Dr. deblack
Class Notes
history, american revolution, united states
25 ?




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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jwhitney on Sunday February 28, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIS 315K at Arkansas Tech University taught by Dr. deblack in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 30 views. For similar materials see American Revolution era in History at Arkansas Tech University.

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Date Created: 02/28/16
Study material for American Revolution Era America Strengths  • outstanding leadership  (Washington, Franklin, Lafayette) • fighting a defensive war • mainly self­sustaining • excellent marksmen • fighting for a cause America Weakness  • poor organization • lack of political unity • financial difficulties • basic military supplies lacking • inadequate transportation  • shortage of manufactured goods • no trained professional army • profiteering • internal divisions British Strengths • population • monetary wealth • naval power • professional army • experienced commanders • functioning government British Weakness • Ireland, France, Spain • confused, inept government • dissension at home nd • 2  rate generals • long supply line • vast geographic expanse of America • no urban nerve center • navy undermanned & spread too thin American Strategy Possibilities draw major European powers into the conflict • make economic & maritime war on Britain • Fabian defense – retreat to interior, avoid big  (battles, attrition) • irregular warfare using small, highly mobile   (forces) • a “war of posts”—defensive, invite the enemy to attack strong positions  (Washington) • the “offensive­defensive” • perimeter defense British Strategy Possibilities * Blockade * Shrecklichkeit * seek out & destroy the rebel army  * spreading­ink­stain strategy * seize & hold major corridors * support Loyalists against the rebels ­­ Seize & hold New York City as a base ­­Smaller force move south out of Canada & take control of the Hudson River Valley Phase 1 CENTER: New England BEGINS: * Lexington & Concord (April 1775)        * Battle of Bunker Hill (June 1775) ENDS:   * British evacuation of Boston (1776)      * Declaration of Independence  (July 4, 1776) ANALYSIS:  The trouble in the American colonies was caused by a few troublemakers  & was centered in Boston.  Use overwhelming force, within the framework of civil  law, to achieve clear­cut success at a single geographical point. Phase 2 CENTER: Middle Atlantic States (New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania) BEGINS:  When the British drive Washington’s army out of New York & New Jersey  (1776) * Battle of Trenton (December 1776) * Battle of Princeton (January 1777) ENDS:  With the failure of the British 3­fold plan of 1777 at Battle of Saratoga (October  17, 1777) ANALYSIS:  Success against the main rebel army would automatically bring the  restoration of political control.  Must destroy, disperse, & demoralize the rebel army and isolate New England. Phase 3 CENTER:  the Southern colonies BEGINS: British capture Savannah (1778), Charleston (1780)   * British victory at Battle of Camden (S. Carolina, Aug.1780)    Tide turns at battles of King’s Mountain (Oct. 1780), Cowpens (Jan. 1781), &      Guilford Courthouse (March 1781) ENDS:  British surrender at Yorktown, Virginia   (September 1781) ANALYSIS:  A recognition of the “triangularity” of the struggle.  Must win the hearts &  minds of the civilian population as well as defeat the rebel army.  Failed because  British mistreatment of civilians turned many against the British and because small  bands of guerillas could not be eliminated The wat the Americans won • Vietnam analogy ( Britain’s lack of understanding; loss of will) • supply problems • loss of key battles (Saratoga, Cowpens, Yorktown) • foreign contribution (French alliance, von Steuben, Pulaski) • tenacity of Washington • size of country, decentralized nature of American society • temporary loss of command of high seas • Britain fought alone


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