Hinduism week six notes
Hinduism week six notes REL 279-31
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Olivia Notetaker on Sunday February 28, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to REL 279-31 at La Salle University taught by Professor Julie Regan in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 19 views. For similar materials see Hinduism: Yoga/ Dharma/ Devotion in Religious Studies at La Salle University.
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Date Created: 02/28/16
Hinduism week six notes nd th February 22 and 24 - Hindutva- party that favors Hinuness o Idea that India belongs to the Hindus - Stri-dharma- women’s dharma - Stages of life for men: student, householder, forest dweller, renouncer o You have a choice to be a renouncer or forest dweller o Buddha went 1-2-4 o Wearing orange robes= renouncer - Bhakti- renouncers practicing devotion - 3 stages of life for women: girl, wife, sati or widow o No chance to really grow old. Could be married at 6 years and not live with husband o Could be widow at very young Married at birth or very young to preserve her purity and virginity are important. A woman being able to bear sons is a positive A wife is considered to be auspicious but impure (benefit in ritual). Girl is pure but inauspicious Girl married young to protect virginity. Purity= the responsibility of the family she married into Not a student because she’ll be unprotected Men (son’s, fathers, husbands) are responsible for the women Sati= banned by the british. Practiced by the widow - Women’s caste is connected to the men in her life o Widow’s lose all their caste and become untouchables/Dalits Not allowed to remarry Wear white o Sati- idea that woman burns herself and husbands funeral Usually forced into it or because life is so hard You’re nothing without your husband so it’s a way to get rid of the women Also if husband’s family doesn’t support her From myth of Sati (wife of shiva) o Much higher abortion rate of female fetuses than men - men are also supposed to treat women like goddesses (and vice versa) - Laws of Manu and Kama Sutra= smriti o Kama Sutra= religious texts o They’re similar by them both talking about how to live/do your dharma o There is a category for tans-sex Man, woman, trans o They both speak to upper class males Women aren’t educated to read/write so they weren’t the audience - Lalla= spiritual women that leave their men behind to become gurus - Ethics/dharma- duty, law, responsibility o Caste and stage of life determine Student/girl, householder, hermit, renouncer Courtesan - Certain stages of life have aims- student focus on dharma only. Artha (ambition) and Kama come in at househoulder o The former is better than the other, religion (dharma) comes first, then artha, kama o Need to work all three into your life o When go to forest dweller/renouncer, you give up artha and kama to focus on moksha - Kama is a worthy aim of life. Focuses on community and ethics/how to behave socially o About enjoying with the five senses - If you’re a king you should focus on artha over kama - Knowing the kama sutra will bring you luck in love - Pleasure includes all the senses, the arts (spells, language, sports, etc)
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