New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Anth 101, Week 6 Notes

by: Breionna Real

Anth 101, Week 6 Notes ANTH 101

Breionna Real
GPA 3.35

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Cultural Anthropology, Week 6 Notes Communication and Language
Kellen Gilbert
Class Notes
anth 101, Cultural Anthropology, Anthropology, kellen gilbert, selu
25 ?





Popular in anthropology, evolution, sphr

This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Breionna Real on Sunday February 28, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANTH 101 at Southeastern Louisiana University taught by Kellen Gilbert in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 31 views. For similar materials see CULTURAL ANTHROPOLOGY in anthropology, evolution, sphr at Southeastern Louisiana University.

Similar to ANTH 101 at SELU

Popular in anthropology, evolution, sphr


Reviews for Anth 101, Week 6 Notes


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 02/28/16
Cultural Anthropology SELU ANTH 101 Week Six Lecture Notes Human vs Non­Human Communication Language is symbolic – attached meanings. Symbolic communication can discuss the past, present, and future Non­symbolic communication only communicates what happens in the present time Language Factors include ­ Large brain ­ Cranial capacity of 1200 – 1400 ­ Throat structure Studies with chimpanzees [500 cc] show that language developed largely due to our cranial  capacity and throat structure. During the 1950s there was a study where people tried to raise an infant chimp with a human  infant. There wasn’t a difference until the 12/13 month mark where the human began vocalizing  more. Washoe the Chimp – taught ASL and was able to create words for things she has not be taught.  She called a watermelon ‘water candy,’ and a duck ‘water bird’ Koko the Gorilla – taught ASL, once broke a lamp and told trainers she did not know what  happened (evidence of a lie possible). When attempting to bring out her maternal side, trainers  gave her a litter of kittens to watch. One kitten died after getting loose and when trainers told her  this, she told them she was sad. The Four Functions of Language As humans we… ­ Conceptualize ­ Categorize, use binary opposition, name things ­ Perceive relationships ­ Think abstractly Humans are typically exposed to language first by their mothers. Language acquisition continues until about the age of 12/13. This is also why it is easier for children to learn a second language  as opposed to adults who may only develop a passive fluency in a second language. Passive fluency – a person can fluently read and audibly understand a language whilst not having the ability to fluently speak or write the language Grammar and Syntax All language consists of approximately 50 to 100 sounds Phoneme – the smallest unit of language, sound that changes meaning. Example – pin vs pen Morpheme – collection of phonemes, the smallest word. Example – dog. Individuals with fluency in two languages may code switch. Code­switching occurs when a  speaker alternates between two or more languages, or language varieties, in the context of a  single conversation. Dialects are alternate versions of the same language (e.g. Cajun French). Accents refer to  different pronunciations, usually along geographic lines, though they can also sometimes be  connected to social class. In a NY study, shoppers at 3 locations were asked for directions to the fourth floor. A typical NY accent will have a dropped ‘r’ sound. Saks Fifth Avenue Highest social class, little to no accent Macys Middle class, accent apparent Kleins Lower class, heavy accent Typically, those of higher social class or who do international work will attempt to wash out  their accent and speak Standard American English. Body Language AKA Kinesics, can be related to culture and include hand gestures and use of space. There are four levels of space that vary from culture to culture. In North America – Intimate space 0’­ ½’ Personal space ½’­ 1’ Social space 1 ½’ – 4’ Public space 7’ or more Language and Gender There are language descriptors, including paralanguage, that divide the genders Paralanguage ­ the nonlexical component of communication by speech, for example intonation,  pitch and speed of speaking, hesitation noises, gesture, and facial expression. Enculturation The gradual acquisition of the characteristics and norms of a culture or group by a person,  another culture, etc. Stems from two types of awareness ­ Self­awareness, which begins very early in NA culture ­ Environmental awareness, includes play and exploration Anthropology used to think in terms of cultural personalities or stereotypes, but now thinks in  terms of cultural values. Culture Bound Disorders A culture­specific syndrome or folk illness is a combination of psychiatric and somatic  symptoms that are considered to be a recognizable disease only within a specific society or  culture. Artic hysteria  Found in Inughuit societies living within the Arctic Circle (Piblokto) Hysterical reaction in Inuit, especially women, who may perform  irrational or dangerous acts, followed by amnesia for the event May be linked to repression of the personality of Inuit women. The  condition appears most commonly in winter Wendigo Found in Native American cultures of the north (Windigo  Psychosis) occurs when a person becomes filled with anxiety that  they are  becoming a Windigo (a flesh­eating creature of Native American  mythology) , and may increasingly view those around them as edible The person also complains of poor appetite, nausea and vomiting, and may become suicidal or homicidal. Kuru/Koro Found in (Southeast) Asian Cultures (Shrinking Penis  An individual has an overpowering belief that his or her genitalia are  Syndrome/Genital  retracting and will disappear, despite the lack of any true  Retraction Syndrome) longstanding changes to the genitals May even cut off their own genitalia Anorexia An eating disorder characterized by a low weight, fear of gaining  (Anorexia Nervosa) weight, a strong desire to be thin, and food restriction Food for Thought Do you consider ADHD to be a culture bound disorder?


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Amaris Trozzo George Washington University

"I made $350 in just two days after posting my first study guide."

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.