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Week 6 notes

by: Bradley Notetaker

Week 6 notes 10507

Bradley Notetaker
University of Memphis
GPA 3.75

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About this Document

These notes cover chapters 4 and 5
Tennessee History
Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in Tennessee History

Popular in History

This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Bradley Notetaker on Sunday February 28, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 10507 at University of Memphis taught by Sivananda in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 27 views. For similar materials see Tennessee History in History at University of Memphis.

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Date Created: 02/28/16
Chapter 4 Tennessee History Feb. 23­ 25 1812 War  Great Britain and US  Madison’s war message  TN responded enthusiastically but the state was not much effected by the war  Maritime war until the Indians got involved  Gov. Blount authorized Andrew Jackson Major General of the State militia  Assemble 2500 men   Legislature passed law authorizing more TN troops and expenditure  $300000  Repel the Creek Indians  Andrew Jackson forced to change in order to disband the troops and come back to TN  He was disappointed but on the travel back to Nashville is when he got the title “Old  Hickory” New Orleans Campaign  Jackson from Nashville to Natchez  Attack on Fort Mims in Alabama August 1813  Governor ordered Jackson and John Cocke (2500 troops each)  Jackson took the command  From Fayetteville to Alabama   Engaged the creeks at Tallushatchee and Talladega  Jackson short on supplies  Governor asked Jackson to leave Alabama campaign and come back to TN  Governor sent supplies and troops  On his way back he engaged the creeks  Horseshoe Band defeated Creeks  Returned home a war hero… but the war wasn’t over   Jackson commissioned Major General US Army and was again in battle  He occupied Mobile and Pensacola and the New Orleans  Victory over the British in Jan. 1815  The war was finally over Religious Stirring   Second Great Awakening 1790s  Outpouring of religious enthusiasm   Before this there was a declining church membership and indifference to religious  matters  1790s Revivalism in TN and KY  Presbyterian divine Rev. James McGready  Pastored 3 small congregations in Logan County, KY  Rev. James McGhee in Summer County, TN  Fire of religious enthusiasm spread to every part of the state  4 day sacramental meeting at Red River Church in 1800  Uncontrolled weeping and shouting  Similar pattern followed in Desha Creek  Sacramental service   5 day revival at Drake’s Creek  Adding to excitement was the presence of Methodist Clergymen  Bishop Francis Ashbury  Cane Ridge Creek in KY in 1801… the greatest religious enthusiasm   Hallmarks of the revivals Acrobatic Christianity  Falling   Jerking  Rolling  Running  Barking  Laughing  Presbyterian and Methodist cooperation fell apart  Presbyterian Elect and Predestination did not fit into revivals  Focus on educational qualification of clergy  Withdrew from frontlines  Revival vs anti revival factions  Anti­revivalists prevailed  Cumberland Presbytery  Chapter 5 Antebellum Politics, Economy, and Society Antebellum Era  40 year period before Civil War from 1820­60  Remarkable development  Population multiplied  Economic growth  Cast of frontier status   Gained national recognition   Mixed to mainstream 19  century America  Expansion and modernization   Intrastate sectionalism became more pronounced   East, Middle, West  Andrew Jackson President in 1828 fro 2 terms   Defeated John Quincy Adams and the 4 yrs later Henry Clay  State rose to national prominence   Golden Age of politics  Andrew Jackson call for new state constitutions  TN joined this movement and framed their own new const. in 1834  Prior to 1834 voters rejected twice in a statewide vote  Constitutional conventions in 1819 and 1831  3  time statewide plebiscite on the constitution  Legislature called elections to choose delegates for the convention  60 delegates (2/3 farmers and 1/3 lawyers)  14 weeks task frame form new constitution   Revision to taxation clause  Switch from equal taxation provision to all property shall be taxed according to its value  The convention removed property requirements for legislators and governor  Widened the franchise  Voting clause got caught up in racial issues  Disenfranchising free blacks  Included white in franchise clause  By doing this, the delegates narrowed suffrage rights  Emancipation debate  Convention voted that the state had no power to pass laws for the emancipation of slaves  Debate on the location of state capital   Nashville vs Murfreesboro  Decision wasn’t made till 1843  Statewide plebiscite  71% supported the new constitution   4 of the 64 counties opposed the new document  Davidson, Robertson, Smith, and Williamson  Stage was set for a new chapter in TN history  Political rebellion against Jackson in 1820s (anti Jackson faction)  Senator Hugh Lawson White  Lawson White was Jackson’s supporter but fairly indep.  Immense popularity 2  only to Jackson  Anti­Jackson Faction supported Lawson  John Bell and James Polk rivalry for the speaker of the Nation House of Rep  Bell won in 1834 with the help of anti­Jackson faction  Following year Polk won with the help of Jackson  In Dec 1834 TN congressional delegation met in Washington DC  Chose Hugh Lawson White as presidential candidate  This strengthened anti Jackson faction  This happened right before TN governor election  Newton Cannon and West Humphrey anti Jackson faction  Supported Lawson White  Jackson supporters were shaken   John William Carroll stepped in support of Jackson  Contest between Cannon vs Carroll for gov.  Newton Cannon won the elections  Presidential elections of 1836  Lawson White vs Van Buren  Anti­Jackson faction vs Jackson supporters  Van Buren won the election   White carried the state but did not win the presidential election  1837 TN governor’s elections   Newton Cannon vs Robert Armstrong  Cannon won  Carried all 3 sections of the state with 61%  of the total vote  1839 Cannon lost to James Polk


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