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by: Maryse Herman


Maryse Herman
GPA 3.68


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Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Maryse Herman on Monday September 7, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to INF 385N at University of Texas at Austin taught by Staff in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 52 views. For similar materials see /class/181912/inf-385n-university-of-texas-at-austin in Information Studies at University of Texas at Austin.




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Date Created: 09/07/15
Unpacking What People are Doing with Ddiscourse with Gee s Framework Language and its accoutrements are not just about conveying information We use it every day to build the seven aspects of reality Even if it s not intentionally or rationally thought out we have habits by which we use discourse to manage our lives to show interest to comply with others too ingratiate ourselves into social situations etc Each object of investigation will use discourse and may use images Table 1 shows Gee s Tools of Inquiry You can use these to analyze discourse and situations To try to understand what the authors are doing with their discourse and what they think we will do with it think about Gee s Building Tasks in Table 2 below Table 1 Tools for Analyzing Ddiscourse Tools of Analysis Explanation Example in Gee Use of a language eg vernacular technical language jargon The way Jane talked to her boyfriend vs depending on the setting our role relationship with relevant others the way she talked to her parents pp 38 authority membership etc Used to enact an identity in a certain 39 quotSocial Ian ua es g g setting We use soual languages to show our membershlp In groups to show our relationship with someone to show the role we assume in a situation To combine quotwalking the walkquot with quottalking the talkquot Combining A gang member who not only is expected quotDiscoursesquot language actions beliefs values symbols tools etc to enact an to talk a certain way but use certain identity symbols hold certain beliefs use certain actions p 21 Crossreferences in language to other texts or types of texts whether The title of a Wired magazine article a quotlntertextualityquot quoting directly indirectly or simply alluding technology magazine referencing quottough guyquot talk found in moviesbooks p 21 Common themes public debates motifs we use in conversation that We understand the meaning of quotsmoking are widely known in society eg terrorism global warming and is associated with health problemsquot Conversations where people know about the various sides All the discussion that because of what we know about the goes on in society concerning such a theme We interpret each Conversation about smoking p2122 other39s language through what we know about these Conversations INF385N Fall 2008 Barker Page 1 of3 Table 2 Gee39s Building Tasks of Language WE USE LANGUAGE TO BUILD THESE w EXPLANATION DISCOU RSE ANALYSIS QUESTIONS QUESTIONS TO IDENTIFY BUILDING TASKS IN A SITUATION SIGNIFICANCE We use language to make things significant We give things people ideas meaning or value How and what different things mean in the present Situation What is the situation How is this piece of language being used to make certain things significant or not and in what ways What are the situated meanings of some of the words and phrases that seem important in the situation ACTIVITIES Our use of language informs others of what we see ourselves as doing What is being said helps others recognize what is going on What activity or activities is being enacted with this piece of language What is the larger or main activity or set of activities going on in the situation IDENTITIES Use of language to indicate a role we have taken on or switching to enact a new identity What identity or identities is this piece of language being used to enact ie get others to recognize as operative What identities roles positions seem to be relevant to taken for granted in or under construction in the situation RELATIONSHIPS Use of language signals the type of relationship we have or want to have with those with whom we are communicating What sort of relationship or relationships is this piece of language seeking to enact with others present or not What sorts of social relationships seem to be relevant to taken for granted or under construction in the situation POLITICS SOCIAL GOODS OR SOCIAL CAPITAL How we use our language effects the distribution of social goods ie adding to or taking away from reputation authority status power etc We convey our perspective on motives responsibility right and wrong etc What perspective on social goods is this piece of language communicating ie what is being communicated as to what is taken to be quotnormalquot quotrightquot quotgoodquot quotcorrectquot quotproperquot quotappropriatequot and so forth What social goods eg status power aspects of gender race and class are relevant and irrelevant in this situation How are they made relevant or irrelevant INF385N Fall 2008 Barker Page 2 of 3 WE USE LANGUAGE TO BUILD THESE EXPLANATION DISCOU RSE ANALYSIS QUESTIONS QUESTIONS TO IDENTIFY BUILDING TASKS IN A SITUATION CONNECTIONS To note the relevance or irrelevance between two things even to disconnect those which are inherently relevant or vice versa To connect actions meanings or words to convey your message How does this piece of language connect or disconnect things how does it make one thing relevant or irrelevant to another What sorts of connections are made within and across the interaction SIGN SYSTEMS 8 KNOWLEDGE Different languages Spanish Mandarin different jargon language of lawyers artists sportscasters and nonverbal communication charts facial expressions images are sign systems We use language to privilege one set of knowledge eg doctor vs patient over another and we thereby accord greater authority to one person than another We use sign systems to mark ourselves as members of a group or not How does this piece of language privilege or disprivilege specific sign systems eg Spanish vs English technical language vs everyday language words vs images words vs equations or different ways of knowing and believing or claims to knowledge and belief What sign systems are relevant or irrelevant in the situation eg speech writing images and gestures How are they made relevant or irrelevant INF385N Fall 2008 Barker Page 3 of 3


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